Science Sale 2018


Science Sale 2018

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Science Sale: Jetzt stark reduzierte Angebote bis zu 50% Rabatt auf Bücher in Naturwissenschaften
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Galati, Gaspare
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xviii, 399
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783319005836
 (Hardcover)
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This book offers fascinating insights into the key technical and scientific developments in the history of radar, from the first patent, taken out by Hülsmeyer in 1904, through to the present day. Landmark events are highlighted and fascinating insights provided into the exceptional people who made possible the progress in the field, including the scientists and technologists who worked independently and under strict secrecy in various countries across the world in the 1930s and the big businessmen who played an important role after World War II. The book encourages multiple levels of reading. The author is a leading radar researcher who is ideally placed to offer a technical/scientific perspective as well as a historical one. He has taken care to structure and write the book in such a way as to appeal to both non-specialists and experts. The book is not sponsored by any company or body, either formally or informally, and is therefore entirely unbiased. The text is enriched by approximately three hundred images, most of which are original and have been accessed by detailed searches in the archives.

Gaspare GALATI received a Dr. Ing. Degree (Laurea) in Nuclear Engineering in 1970 and subsequently worked until 1986 for the company Selenia, where he was involved in radar systems analysis and design. From 1984 to 1986 he headed Selenia’s System Analysis Group, a group of 12 graduate engineers supporting the whole company for R&D activities in the field of radar systems, telecommunications, and computer applications. He conceived and analyzed the former Adaptive Moving Target Indicator (MTI) filter (patented), used in Selenia/Alenia surveillance radars, and was involved in the design of their former MTD (Moving Target Detector) processor. In March 1986 he became Associate Professor of Radar at Tor Vergata University, Rome. Since November 1994, he has been Full Professor of Radar and Navigation Systems at the Tor Vergata University of Rome, where he also teaches Probability, Statistics, and Random Processes. His main interests are in radar theory and techniques, detection and estimation, navigation, and air traffic management. He is the author or co-author of more than 250 papers, 20 patents, 4 research books and 4 teaching books on these topics. He is a senior member of the IEEE and of the Associazione Italiana per l’ ICT, AICT. Within the AICT he chairs the Remote Sensing and Guidance Group. He is chairman of the Aerospace and Electronic Systems Chapter of the IEEE – Italy, and a member of the Executive Committee of the IEEE Italy Section.


Pepe, Marco
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvii, 167
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319264721
 (Hardcover)
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This book reports on the physical and mechanical characterization of Recycled Aggregate Concrete (RAC), produced through a partial-to-total replacement of ordinary aggregates with what have been dubbed Recycled Concrete Aggregates (RCAs). It proposes a theoretical framework for understanding the relationships between RCAs and RCA, and for predicting the resulting behavior of RAC. The book demonstrates that in the case of RAC two additional parameters have to be taken into account than with ordinary aggregates, due to the composite nature and higher porosity of RCAs. By extending Abrams’ Law for Recycled Aggregate Concrete, it represents a first step in the formulation of a general model for predicting the properties of RAC. The theoretical approach presented here addresses an important gap in the literature and is expected to stimulate new research on the use of this more sustainable form of concrete in structural applications.


Dowell, Earl H.
Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxx, 700
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319094526
 (Hardcover)
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This book cover the basics of aeroelasticity or the dynamics of fluid-structure interaction. While the field began in response to the rapid development of aviation, it has now expanded into many branches of engineering and scientific disciplines and treat physical phenomena from aerospace engineering, bioengineering, civil engineering, and mechanical engineering in addition to drawing the attention of mathematicians and physicists.

The basic questions addressed are dynamic stability and response of fluid structural systems as revealed by both linear and nonlinear mathematical models and correlation with experiment. The use of scaled models and full scale experiments and tests play a key role where theory is not considered sufficiently reliable.

In this new edition the more recent literature on nonlinear aeroelasticity has been brought up to date and the opportunity has been taken to correct the inevitable typographical errors that the authors and our readers have found to date. The early chapters of this book may be used for a first course in aeroelasticity taught at the senior undergraduate or early graduate level and the later chapters may serve as the basis for a more advanced course, a graduate research seminar or as reference to provide an entree to the current research literature.


Dowell, Earl H.
Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxx, 700
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319330686
 (Softcover)
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This book cover the basics of aeroelasticity or the dynamics of fluid-structure interaction. While the field began in response to the rapid development of aviation, it has now expanded into many branches of engineering and scientific disciplines and treat physical phenomena from aerospace engineering, bioengineering, civil engineering, and mechanical engineering in addition to drawing the attention of mathematicians and physicists.

The basic questions addressed are dynamic stability and response of fluid structural systems as revealed by both linear and nonlinear mathematical models and correlation with experiment. The use of scaled models and full scale experiments and tests play a key role where theory is not considered sufficiently reliable.

In this new edition the more recent literature on nonlinear aeroelasticity has been brought up to date and the opportunity has been taken to correct the inevitable typographical errors that the authors and our readers have found to date. The early chapters of this book may be used for a first course in aeroelasticity taught at the senior undergraduate or early graduate level and the later chapters may serve as the basis for a more advanced course, a graduate research seminar or as reference to provide an entree to the current research literature.


Meyer, Jürgen, Hansen, Uwe
Manual for Acousticians, Audio Engineers, Musicians, Architects and Musical Instrument Makers
Springer New York
Seiten xiii, 446
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387095165
 (Hardcover)
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This classic reference on musical acoustics and performance practice begins with a brief introduction to the fundamentals of acoustics and the generation of musical sounds. It then discusses the particulars of the sounds made by all the standard instruments in a modern orchestra as well as the human voice, the way in which the sounds made by these instruments are dispersed and how the room into which they are projected affects the sounds.

Honors:

Helmholtz-Medal of the German Acoustical Society (DEGA) 2004
Medal of Honor of Verband Deutscher Tonmeister (VDT) 2004
Fellow of the ASA


Meyer, Jürgen, Hansen, Uwe
Manual for Acousticians, Audio Engineers, Musicians, Architects and Musical Instrument Makers
Springer New York
Seiten xiii, 446
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781441918604
 (Softcover)
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This classic reference on musical acoustics and performance practice begins with a brief introduction to the fundamentals of acoustics and the generation of musical sounds. It then discusses the particulars of the sounds made by all the standard instruments in a modern orchestra as well as the human voice, the way in which the sounds made by these instruments are dispersed and how the room into which they are projected affects the sounds.

Honors:

Helmholtz-Medal of the German Acoustical Society (DEGA) 2004
Medal of Honor of Verband Deutscher Tonmeister (VDT) 2004
Fellow of the ASA


Capela Lourenço, Tiago, Rovisco, Ana, Groot, Annemarie, Nilsson, Carin, Füssel, Hans-Martin, Van Bree, Leendert, Street, Roger B.
Lessons From Practice
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 182
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319353258
 (Softcover)
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Climate change highlights the challenges for long-term policy making in the face of persistent and irreducible levels of uncertainties. It calls for the development of flexible approaches, innovative governance and other elements that contribute to effective and adaptive decision-making. Exploring these new approaches is also a challenge for those involved in climate research and development of adaptation policy.

The book provides a dozen real-life examples of adaptation decision making in the form of case studies:

·         Water supply management in Portugal, England and Wales and Hungary

·         Flooding, including flood risk in Ireland, coastal flooding and erosion in Southwest France, and flood management in Australia’s Hutt River region

·         Transport and utilities, including the Austrian Federal railway system, public transit in Dresden, and Québec hydro-electric power

·         Report examining communication of large numbers of climate scenarios in Dutch climate adaptation workshops.


Capela Lourenço, Tiago, Rovisco, Ana, Groot, Annemarie, Nilsson, Carin, Füssel, Hans-Martin, Van Bree, Leendert, Street, Roger B.
Lessons From Practice
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 182
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319048758
 (Hardcover)
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Climate change highlights the challenges for long-term policy making in the face of persistent and irreducible levels of uncertainties. It calls for the development of flexible approaches, innovative governance and other elements that contribute to effective and adaptive decision-making. Exploring these new approaches is also a challenge for those involved in climate research and development of adaptation policy.

The book provides a dozen real-life examples of adaptation decision making in the form of case studies:

·         Water supply management in Portugal, England and Wales and Hungary

·         Flooding, including flood risk in Ireland, coastal flooding and erosion in Southwest France, and flood management in Australia’s Hutt River region

·         Transport and utilities, including the Austrian Federal railway system, public transit in Dresden, and Québec hydro-electric power

·         Report examining communication of large numbers of climate scenarios in Dutch climate adaptation workshops.


Allen, Craig R., Garmestani, Ahjond S.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xiii, 264
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401796811
 (Hardcover)
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Adaptive management is an approach to managing social-ecological systems that fosters learning about the systems being managed and remains at the forefront of environmental management nearly 40 years after its original conception. Adaptive management persists because it allows action despite uncertainty, and uncertainty is reduced when learning occurs during the management process. Often termed “learning by doing”, the allure of this management approach has entrenched the concept widely in agency direction and statutory mandates across the globe. This exceptional volume is a collection of essays on the past, present and future of adaptive management written by prominent authors with long experience in developing, implementing, and assessing adaptive management. Moving forward, the book provides policymakers, managers and scientists a powerful tool for managing for resilience in the face of uncertainty.

Kirkland, Earl J.
Springer US
Seiten x, 289
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9781489995094
 (Softcover)
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Preface to Second Edition Several new topics have been added, some small errors have been corrected and some new references have been added in this edition. New topics include aberration corrected instruments, scanning confocal mode of operations, Bloch wave eigenvalue methods and parallel computing techniques. The ?rst edition - cluded a CD with computer programs, which is not included in this edition. - stead the associated programs will be available on an associated web site (currently people.ccmr.cornell.edu/˜kirkland,but may move as time goes on). I wish to thank Mick Thomas for preparing the specimen used to record the image in Fig.5.26 and to thank Stephen P. Meisburger for suggesting an interesting biological specimen to use in Fig.7.24. Again, I apologize in advance for leaving out some undoubtedlyoutstanding r- erences. I also apologize for the as yet undiscovered errors that remain in the text. Earl J. Kirkland, December 2009 Preface to First Edition Image simulation has become a common tool in HREM (High Resolution El- tron Microscopy) in recent years. However, the literature on the subject is scattered among many different journals and conference proceedings that have occurred in the last two or three decades. It is dif?cult for beginners to get started in this ?eld.

Kirkland, Earl J.
Springer US
Seiten x, 289
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9781441965325
 (Hardcover)
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Preface to Second Edition Several new topics have been added, some small errors have been corrected and some new references have been added in this edition. New topics include aberration corrected instruments, scanning confocal mode of operations, Bloch wave eigenvalue methods and parallel computing techniques. The ?rst edition - cluded a CD with computer programs, which is not included in this edition. - stead the associated programs will be available on an associated web site (currently people.ccmr.cornell.edu/˜kirkland,but may move as time goes on). I wish to thank Mick Thomas for preparing the specimen used to record the image in Fig.5.26 and to thank Stephen P. Meisburger for suggesting an interesting biological specimen to use in Fig.7.24. Again, I apologize in advance for leaving out some undoubtedlyoutstanding r- erences. I also apologize for the as yet undiscovered errors that remain in the text. Earl J. Kirkland, December 2009 Preface to First Edition Image simulation has become a common tool in HREM (High Resolution El- tron Microscopy) in recent years. However, the literature on the subject is scattered among many different journals and conference proceedings that have occurred in the last two or three decades. It is dif?cult for beginners to get started in this ?eld.

Tong, Ho-Ming, Lai, Yi-Shao, Wong, C.P.
Springer US
Seiten vii, 560
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9781441957672
 (Hardcover)
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Advanced Flip Chip Packaging presents past, present and future advances and trends in areas such as substrate technology, material development, and assembly processes. Flip chip packaging is now in widespread use in computing, communications, consumer and automotive electronics, and the demand for flip chip technology is continuing to grow in order to meet the need for products that offer better performance, are smaller, and are environmentally sustainable.


Minker, Wolfgang, Weber, Michael, Hagras, Hani, Callagan, Victor, Kameas, Achilles
Springer US
Seiten xxii, 290
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781441945587
 (Softcover)
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Over the last decade a number of research areas have contributed to the concept of advanced intelligent environments, these include ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing, embedded intelligence, intelligent user interfaces, human factors, intelligent buildings, mobile communications, domestic robots, intelligent sensors, artistic and architectural design and ambient intelligence. Undeniably, multimodal spoken language dialogue interaction is a key factor in ensuring natural interaction and therefore of particular interest for advanced intelligent environments. It will therefore represent one focus of the proposed book. The book will cover all key topics in the field of intelligent environments from a variety of leading researchers. It will bring together several perspectives in research and development in the area.


Minker, Wolfgang, Weber, Michael, Hagras, Hani, Callagan, Victor, Kameas, Achilles
Springer US
Seiten xxii, 290
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387764849
 (Hardcover)
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Over the last decade a number of research areas have contributed to the concept of advanced intelligent environments, these include ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing, embedded intelligence, intelligent user interfaces, human factors, intelligent buildings, mobile communications, domestic robots, intelligent sensors, artistic and architectural design and ambient intelligence. Undeniably, multimodal spoken language dialogue interaction is a key factor in ensuring natural interaction and therefore of particular interest for advanced intelligent environments. It will therefore represent one focus of the proposed book. The book will cover all key topics in the field of intelligent environments from a variety of leading researchers. It will bring together several perspectives in research and development in the area.


Gupta, K.M., Gupta, Nishu
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xlii, 573
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783319197579
 (Hardcover)
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 This book presents the latest developments in semiconducting materials and devices, providing up-to-date information on the science, processes, and applications in the field. A wide range of topics are covered, including optoelectronic devices, metal–semiconductor junctions, heterojunctions, MISFETs, LEDs, semiconductor lasers, photodiodes, switching diodes, tunnel diodes, Gunn diodes, solar cells, varactor diodes, IMPATT diodes, and advanced semiconductors. Detailed attention is paid to advanced and futuristic materials. In addition, clear explanations are provided of, for example, electron theories, high-field effects, the Hall effect, transit-time effects, drift and diffusion, breakdown mechanisms, equilibrium and transient conditions, switching, and biasing. The book is designed to meet the needs of undergraduate engineering students and will also be very useful for postgraduate students; it will assist in preparation for examinations at colleges and universities and for other examinations in engineering. Practice questions are therefore presented in both essay and multiple choice format, and many solved examples and unsolved problems are included.

Perumal, Santhanam, A.R., Thirunavukkarasu, Pachiappan, Perumal
Springer India
Seiten xvii, 262
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9788132222705
 (Hardcover)
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This book compiles the latest findings in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture. It covers significant topics such as techniques of culture of live feeds (microalgae, rotifer, Artemia, marine copepod & polychaetes), while also highlighting vital themes like the culture and applications of free and marine sponge associated microbial probiotics, controlled breeding, seed production and culture of commercially important fin and shell fishes. Moreover, the book focuses on the breeding and culture of marine ornamental fishes, sea cucumber and sea urchin and discusses seaweeds culture, aqua feed formulation and nutrition, water quality management in hatchery and grow-out culture systems, fish disease diagnosis and health management and cryopreservation of fish gametes for sustainable aquaculture practices, all from a multidimensional perspective.

The global fish production was 154 million tonnes in 2011 which more or less consisted of capture and culture fisheries (FAO, 2012). Roughly 80% of this is from inland-freshwater aquaculture and the remainder from capture fisheries in the marine and brackishwater sector. However, marine and brackishwater catches have recently begun to diminish due to overexploitation, climate change and pollution. The UNEP report affirmed that if the world remains on its current course of overfishing, by 2050, the ocean fish stock could become extinct or no longer commercially viable to exploit. In these circumstances, aquaculture is considered to be a promising sector to fulfill our future protein requirement. However, brackishwater and marine fish production now face serious challenges due to e.g. lack of quality fish seeds, feeds, poor water quality management and diseases.

Fisheries and aquaculture sectors play a vital role as potential sources of nutritional security and food safety around the globe. Fish food is rich in protein, vitamins, phosphorous, calcium, zinc, selenium etc. In addition, fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, which help to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Fish food can also provide several health benefits to consumers. The omega 3 fatty acids found in fish can reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) and increase the HDL levels (the “good” cholesterol). Research conducted in Australia has proved that fish consumption can be used to cure hypertension and obesity. It is also reported that people who ate more fish were less prone to asthma and were able to breathe more easily. Omega 3 fish oil or fish consumption can help to prevent three of the most common forms of cancer: breast cancer, colon and prostate cancer. The omega 3 fatty acids present in fish or fish oil induce faster hair growth and prevent hair loss. Since most varieties of fish are rich in protein, eating fish helps to keep hair healthy. Furthermore, fish or fish oil helps in improving the condition of dry skin, giving it a healthy glow. It is useful in treating various skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis, itching, redness of skin, skin lesions and rashes. It is well known that eating fish improves vision and prevents Alzheimer’s and type-2 diabetes, and can combat arthritis. Further, fish oil or fish is good for pregnant women, as the DHA present in it helps in the development of the baby’s eyes and brain. It helps to avoid premature births, low birth weights and miscarriages. In addition, it is widely known that fish can be a good substitute for pulses in cereal-based diets for the poor. The global fish production was roughly 154 million tonnes in 2011 (FAO, 2012). It is estimated that by 2020 global fish requirements will be over 200 million tonnes; as such, innovative technological improvements are called for in order to improve the production and productivity in fisheries. In this context, this book provides valuable information for academics, scientists, researchers, government officials and farmers on innovative technological advances for sustainable fish production using aquaculture methods.

The book identifies the main issues and trends in marine and brackishwater aquaculture from a global perspective in general and in the Indian context in particular. It includes 23 chapters written by prominent researchers from various institutes and universities across India, who address the latest aquaculture technologies with distinctive approaches to support academics, researchers and graduates in the fields of Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Science, Marine Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Zoology and Agricultural Sciences. Our thanks go to our contributors; we are confident that all readers will immensely benefit from their valued expertise in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture.

Dr. A. R. Thirunavukkarasu is a Retired Principal Scientist & Head, Fish Culture Division, Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA), Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. He obtained his M.Sc and Ph.D. Degrees in Marine Biology from the C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University. He started his career as a Research Assistant in the Tamil Nadu State Fisheries Department and then joined as a scientist in the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (Govt. of India), where he served till 1991 and subsequently moved to the CIBA. His specialization include Marine Fisheries Management, Inland Fisheries Development and Brackishwater Aquaculture. He has about 3-decade research experience with over 200 publications including manuals, edited books besides symposium proceedings. He has successfully completed over 20 major research projects worth to the tune of Rs.8-crore, funded by Indo-French scheme, NFDB, NAIP, DBT, NATP, Mega Seed Bank, etc. To the pinnacle of his achievements, during mid-nineties, he has developed a new technique for the induced breeding and seed production in the commercially valuable finfish, Asian Seabass-Lates calcarifer that has revolutionized the Indian Aquaculture industry with the year round sustained supply of seeds. The Seabass seed production technology was transferred to the Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (RGCA), Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA - Govt. of India) and he has been actively involved in the consultancy services to the private agencies like M/S Seabass Hatchery and to the aqua-culturists at large. Subsequently, his research team made a technological break-through for viable land-based brood stock production of Cobia Rachycentron canadum in pond and RCC tank holding systems. Further, he has successfully standardized the techniques and developed protocols for the controlled breeding of Grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) through pond reared stock, for the development of land-based broodstock of brackishwater ornamental fishes Scat (Scatophagus argus) and Moon fish (Monodactylus argenteus), controlled breeding and hormone-based sex reversal in Grouper (Epinephlus tauvina), maintenance of captive broodstock of Milkfish (Chanos chanos), etc. Under the NATP Scheme, he has standardized culture technique for the controlled breeding and seed production of shrimps in inland saline water environs. He is the Chairman of Steering Committee for evaluating the status of Inland Fish seed Production, Adviser to the Tamil Nadu government-Task Force on Fisheries Development besides an expert member in many universities and national level scientific committees. He was conferred with Gold Medal Award and Citation by the Aquaculture Foundation of India, Chennai and Hiralal Chowdhry Award by Fishing Chimes. He has visited several countries like Norway, Vietnam, France and Thailand.

Dr. P. Perumal is a Professor & Head, Department of Biotechnology, Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. Prior to his appointment in Periyar University, he had served as a Faculty-Research Associate, Lecturer, Reader and Professor in the C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, where he received his Ph.D Degree in 1989. He is also qualified in UGC-National Educational Test, 1985. He has over 30 years of research experience with about 150 publications to his credit. His specialization includes molecular taxonomy and live feed aspects of plankton, fish larviculture and antibiotic principles/drugs from the marine bioresources. He has about 25 years of PG-teaching experience, has successfully guided over 12 Ph.Ds, about 40 P.G. Dissertations and currently guiding many Ph.Ds, M.Phils & M.Sc. students. He has successfully completed many major research projects funded by ICAR, MoEs, DRDO (Govt. of India) and is currently operating a major research project funded by the UGC. He is a member of Academic Council, Senate, Board of Research Studies (of Periyar University), Chairman of PG-Board of Studies in Biotechnology & Bioinformatics (of Periyar University) besides member of Board of Studies in various colleges and universities. He is the Chairman of the Periyar University-Institutional Animals Ethical Committee & Co-ordinator of the Periyar University-Patent Facilitation Centre & Industrial MOU, an expert-member for Projects Review committee of European Commission (EC), Scientist-Member of Govt. Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College – Institutional Animal Ethics committee and Scientific Advisory committees besides serving as reviewer/editor for many national & international journals. He is a widely travelled man and has visited countries like China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, France, Spain and Scotland.

Dr. P. Santhanam is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Marine Science, School of Marine Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. He obtained his M.Sc, M. Phil and Ph.D Degrees in Marine Biology, from the C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University. He has over 18 years of research and 8 years of teaching experience with over 90 publications in national and internationally reputed journals, books and proceedings. He has been specializing in the areas of Marine Planktonology & Aquaculture with reference to biodiversity, taxonomy, biology and culture of live feeds (marine microalgae and marine copepods) for fish larviculture. He has successfully guided several PG (35), M. Phil (12) and Ph.D (6) students and currently guiding many research scholars. He has successfully completed many major research projects funded by UGC, DST & DBT (Govt. of India) and is currently operating 2 major research projects funded by the DST & DBT (Govt. of India). He is a member in several scientific bodies and has been serving as editorial board member for over 4 journals and reviewer for over 20 reputed national and international journals. He has received DST-Young Scientist Award in 2007 and has been expert-member for various committees.


Al-Khayri, Jameel M., Jain, Shri Mohan, Johnson, Dennis V.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 707
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783319225173
 (Hardcover)
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The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is volume 2 which contains 18 chapters highlighting breeding strategies for specific plant traits including improved nutritional and pharmaceutical properties as well as enhanced tolerance to insects, diseases, drought, salinity and temperature extremes expected under predicted global climate change.

Nair, P.K. Ramachandran, Garrity, Dennis
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxii, 542
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9789400746756
 (Hardcover)
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This volume contains a solid body of the current state of knowledge on the various themes and activities in agroforestry worldwide. It is organized into three sections: the Introduction section consists of the summaries of six keynote speeches at the 2nd World Congress of Agroforestry held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2009; that is followed by two sections of peer-reviewed thematic chapters grouped as “Global Perspectives” (seven chapters) and “Regional Perspectives” (eleven chapters), authored by professional leaders in their respective agroforestry-related fields worldwide. A total of 130 professionals from institutions in 33 countries in both developing and the industrialized temperate regions of the world contributed to the book as chapter authors and/or reviewers. Thus, the book presents a comprehensive and authoritative account of the global picture of agroforestry today.

Nair, P.K. Ramachandran, Garrity, Dennis
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxii, 542
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9789401781220
 (Softcover)
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This volume contains a solid body of the current state of knowledge on the various themes and activities in agroforestry worldwide. It is organized into three sections: the Introduction section consists of the summaries of six keynote speeches at the 2nd World Congress of Agroforestry held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2009; that is followed by two sections of peer-reviewed thematic chapters grouped as “Global Perspectives” (seven chapters) and “Regional Perspectives” (eleven chapters), authored by professional leaders in their respective agroforestry-related fields worldwide. A total of 130 professionals from institutions in 33 countries in both developing and the industrialized temperate regions of the world contributed to the book as chapter authors and/or reviewers. Thus, the book presents a comprehensive and authoritative account of the global picture of agroforestry today.

Klug, Christian, Korn, Dieter, De Baets, Kenneth, Kruta, Isabelle, Mapes, Royal H.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxv, 934
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401796293
 (Hardcover)
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This two-volume work is a testament to the abiding interest and human fascination with ammonites. We offer a new model to explain the morphogenesis of septa and the shell, we explore their habitats by the content of stable isotopes in their shells, we discuss the origin and later evolution of this important clade, and we deliver hypotheses on its demise. The Ammonoidea produced a great number of species that can be used in biostratigraphy and possibly, this is the macrofossil group, which has been used the most for that purpose. Nevertheless, many aspects of their anatomy, mode of life, development or paleobiogeographic distribution are still poorly known. 

Themes treated are biostratigraphy, paleoecology, paleoenvironment, paleobiogeography, evolution, phylogeny, and ontogeny. Advances such as an explosion of new information about ammonites, new technologies such as isotopic analysis, tomography and virtual paleontology in general, as well as continuous discovery of new fossil finds have given us the opportunity to present a comprehensive and timely `state of the art` compilation. Moreover, it also points the way for future studies to further enhance our understanding of this endlessly fascinating group of organisms.


Klug, Christian, Korn, Dieter, De Baets, Kenneth, Kruta, Isabelle, Mapes, Royal H.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxi, 605
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401796323
 (Hardcover)
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?This two-volume work is a testament to the abiding interest and human fascination with ammonites. We offer a new model to explain the morphogenesis of septa and the shell, we explore their habitats by the content of stable isotopes in their shells, we discuss the origin and later evolution of this important clade, and we deliver hypotheses on its demise. The Ammonoidea produced a great number of species that can be used in biostratigraphy and possibly, this is the macrofossil group, which has been used the most for that purpose. Nevertheless, many aspects of their anatomy, mode of life, development or paleobiogeographic distribution are still poorly known.  

Themes treated are biostratigraphy, paleoecology, paleoenvironment, paleobiogeography, evolution, phylogeny, and ontogeny. Advances such as an explosion of new information about ammonites, new technologies such as isotopic analysis, tomography and virtual paleontology in general, as well as continuous discovery of new fossil finds have given us the opportunity to present a comprehensive and timely `state of the art` compilation. Moreover, it also points the way for future studies to further enhance our understanding of this endlessly fascinating group of organisms.


Argyris, John H., Faust, Gunter, Haase, Maria, Friedrich, Rudolf
Completely Revised and Enlarged Second Edition
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxii, 865
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662510896
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This book is conceived as a comprehensive and detailed text-book on non-linear dynamical systems with particular emphasis on the exploration of chaotic phenomena. The self-contained introductory presentation is addressed both to those who wish to study the physics of chaotic systems and non-linear dynamics intensively as well as those who are curious to learn more about the fascinating world of chaotic phenomena. Basic concepts like Poincaré section, iterated mappings, Hamiltonian chaos and KAM theory, strange attractors, fractal dimensions, Lyapunov exponents, bifurcation theory, self-similarity and renormalisation and transitions to chaos are thoroughly explained. To facilitate comprehension, mathematical concepts and tools are introduced in short sub-sections. The text is supported by numerous computer experiments and a multitude of graphical illustrations and colour plates emphasising the geometrical and topological characteristics of the underlying dynamics.

This volume is a completely revised and enlarged second edition which comprises recently obtained research results of topical interest, and has been extended to include a new section on the basic concepts of probability theory. A completely new chapter on fully developed turbulence presents the successes of chaos theory, its limitations as well as future trends in the development of complex spatio-temporal structures.

`This book will be of valuable help for my lectures`  Hermann Haken, Stuttgart

`This text-book should not be missing in any introductory lecture on non-linear systems and deterministic chaos` Wolfgang Kinzel, Würzburg

“This well written book represents a comprehensive treatise on dynamical systems. It may serve as reference book for the whole field of nonlinear and chaotic systems and reports in a unique way on scientific developments of recent decades as well as important applications.” Joachim Peinke, Institute of Physics, Carl-von-Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Germany



Argyris, John H., Faust, Gunter, Haase, Maria, Friedrich, Rudolf
Completely Revised and Enlarged Second Edition
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxii, 865
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662460412
 (Hardcover)
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This book is conceived as a comprehensive and detailed text-book on non-linear dynamical systems with particular emphasis on the exploration of chaotic phenomena. The self-contained introductory presentation is addressed both to those who wish to study the physics of chaotic systems and non-linear dynamics intensively as well as those who are curious to learn more about the fascinating world of chaotic phenomena. Basic concepts like Poincaré section, iterated mappings, Hamiltonian chaos and KAM theory, strange attractors, fractal dimensions, Lyapunov exponents, bifurcation theory, self-similarity and renormalisation and transitions to chaos are thoroughly explained. To facilitate comprehension, mathematical concepts and tools are introduced in short sub-sections. The text is supported by numerous computer experiments and a multitude of graphical illustrations and colour plates emphasising the geometrical and topological characteristics of the underlying dynamics.

This volume is a completely revised and enlarged second edition which comprises recently obtained research results of topical interest, and has been extended to include a new section on the basic concepts of probability theory. A completely new chapter on fully developed turbulence presents the successes of chaos theory, its limitations as well as future trends in the development of complex spatio-temporal structures.

`This book will be of valuable help for my lectures`  Hermann Haken, Stuttgart

`This text-book should not be missing in any introductory lecture on non-linear systems and deterministic chaos` Wolfgang Kinzel, Würzburg

“This well written book represents a comprehensive treatise on dynamical systems. It may serve as reference book for the whole field of nonlinear and chaotic systems and reports in a unique way on scientific developments of recent decades as well as important applications.” Joachim Peinke, Institute of Physics, Carl-von-Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Germany



Fabien, Brian
Modeling and Simulation
Springer US
Seiten xi, 326
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781441946706
 (Softcover)
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`Analytical System Dynamics: Modeling and Simulation` combines results from analytical mechanics and system dynamics to develop an approach to modeling constrained multidiscipline dynamic systems. This combination yields a modeling technique based on the energy method of Lagrange, which in turn, results in a set of differential-algebraic equations that are suitable for numerical integration. Using the modeling approach presented in this book enables one to model and simulate systems as diverse as a six-link, closed-loop mechanism or a transistor power amplifier.


Fabien, Brian
Modeling and Simulation
Springer US
Seiten xi, 326
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387856049
 (Hardcover)
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`Analytical System Dynamics: Modeling and Simulation` combines results from analytical mechanics and system dynamics to develop an approach to modeling constrained multidiscipline dynamic systems. This combination yields a modeling technique based on the energy method of Lagrange, which in turn, results in a set of differential-algebraic equations that are suitable for numerical integration. Using the modeling approach presented in this book enables one to model and simulate systems as diverse as a six-link, closed-loop mechanism or a transistor power amplifier.


Charles, Denys J.
Springer New York
Seiten viii, 612
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9781489994783
 (Softcover)
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The scientific world and modern society today is experiencing the dawning of an era of herbal medicine. Extensive research has shown that aromatic plants are important anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti aging and immune boosting delectable foods, with the magic and miracle to boost our immune system providing us with extended and an improved quality of life. Apart from making bland recipes into welcoming or interesting victories, herbs and spices have stirred the minds of the research community to look deeper into its active components from a functional perspective. It is essential to present the scientific and medicinal aspect of herbs and spices together with the analysis of constituents, its medicinal application, toxicology and its physiological effects. Herbs and spices with high levels of antioxidants are in great demand as they tend to promote health and prevent diseases naturally assuring increased safety and reliability for consumers. Herbs and spices are not only known for taste and flavor, but today research has opened up a new realm in which the antioxidant properties of these aromatic plants provide preservation for foods and health benefits for consumers who look forward to concrete scientific research to guide them further and explore herbal medicine.

The aim of this book is to create awareness in society about the reliability of medicinal properties of certain herbs and spices through scientific and scholarly research.

Dr. Denys J. Charles is Director of Research at Frontier Natural Products Co-op, Iowa, USA.


Charles, Denys J.
Springer New York
Seiten viii, 612
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9781461443094
 (Hardcover)
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The scientific world and modern society today is experiencing the dawning of an era of herbal medicine. Extensive research has shown that aromatic plants are important anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti aging and immune boosting delectable foods, with the magic and miracle to boost our immune system providing us with extended and an improved quality of life. Apart from making bland recipes into welcoming or interesting victories, herbs and spices have stirred the minds of the research community to look deeper into its active components from a functional perspective. It is essential to present the scientific and medicinal aspect of herbs and spices together with the analysis of constituents, its medicinal application, toxicology and its physiological effects. Herbs and spices with high levels of antioxidants are in great demand as they tend to promote health and prevent diseases naturally assuring increased safety and reliability for consumers. Herbs and spices are not only known for taste and flavor, but today research has opened up a new realm in which the antioxidant properties of these aromatic plants provide preservation for foods and health benefits for consumers who look forward to concrete scientific research to guide them further and explore herbal medicine.

The aim of this book is to create awareness in society about the reliability of medicinal properties of certain herbs and spices through scientific and scholarly research.

Dr. Denys J. Charles is Director of Research at Frontier Natural Products Co-op, Iowa, USA.


Saha, Swapan Kumar
Methods and Applications to Optical Astronomy
Springer New York
Seiten xxiii, 466
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
ISBN 9781441957092
 (Hardcover)
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This book deals with the fundamentals of stellar interferometry with emphasis on aperture synthesis using sparse array of telescopes particularly at optical/IR wavelengths, the origin, properties, and optical effects of turbulence in the Earth`s atmosphere, techniques developed to overcome image degradation. Studded with more than one hundred and fifty illustrations and tens of footnotes, it addresses the basic tricks of trade, current trend, motivation, methods, and path to future promise of true interferometry both from the ground and space. Also discussed are the technical challenge involved, such as beam transportation and recombination, detecting fringes using modern sensors, and image synthesis. Astronomical science that benefits from aperture synthesis imaging are highlighted as well.
Professor S. K. Saha is with the Indian Institute of Astrophysics in Bangalore, India. He has spent one year (1988-89) at the Observatoire de la Cote d`Azur (formerly C.E.R.G.A) in Caussols, France. During this year he conducted research on the high angular features of stars, using the long baseline topical interferometer with a pair of 1.5 meter telescopes. He has a strong interest in Experimental Physics and has developed various equipment in the area. He is the author of the book Diffraction-Limited Imaging with Large and Moderate Telescopes (World Scientific, 2007). Another book, 21st Century Astrophysics (Anita Publications, 2005, with V. K. Rastogi (Ed.)) was brought out to commemorate Einstein`s `Year of Miracles,` which contains a set of articles written by reputed scientists working at the various laboratories across the Globe. Saha has edited a special issue of Asian J. Physics on `Astrophysics` in 2004.

Saha, Swapan Kumar
Methods and Applications to Optical Astronomy
Springer New York
Seiten xxiii, 466
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
ISBN 9781461427025
 (Softcover)
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This book deals with the fundamentals of stellar interferometry with emphasis on aperture synthesis using sparse array of telescopes particularly at optical/IR wavelengths, the origin, properties, and optical effects of turbulence in the Earth`s atmosphere, techniques developed to overcome image degradation. Studded with more than one hundred and fifty illustrations and tens of footnotes, it addresses the basic tricks of trade, current trend, motivation, methods, and path to future promise of true interferometry both from the ground and space. Also discussed are the technical challenge involved, such as beam transportation and recombination, detecting fringes using modern sensors, and image synthesis. Astronomical science that benefits from aperture synthesis imaging are highlighted as well.
Professor S. K. Saha is with the Indian Institute of Astrophysics in Bangalore, India. He has spent one year (1988-89) at the Observatoire de la Cote d`Azur (formerly C.E.R.G.A) in Caussols, France. During this year he conducted research on the high angular features of stars, using the long baseline topical interferometer with a pair of 1.5 meter telescopes. He has a strong interest in Experimental Physics and has developed various equipment in the area. He is the author of the book Diffraction-Limited Imaging with Large and Moderate Telescopes (World Scientific, 2007). Another book, 21st Century Astrophysics (Anita Publications, 2005, with V. K. Rastogi (Ed.)) was brought out to commemorate Einstein`s `Year of Miracles,` which contains a set of articles written by reputed scientists working at the various laboratories across the Globe. Saha has edited a special issue of Asian J. Physics on `Astrophysics` in 2004.

Gorb, Leonid, Kuz`min, Victor, Muratov, Eugene
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xiii, 550
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9789401792561
 (Hardcover)
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The proposed volume provides both fundamental and detailed information about the computational and computational-experimental studies which improve our knowledge of how leaving matter functions, the different properties of drugs (including the calculation and the design of new ones), and the creation of completely new ways of treating numerical diseases. Whenever it is possible, the interplay between theory and experiment is provided. The book features computational techniques such as quantum-chemical and molecular dynamic approaches and quantitative structure–activity relationships.
The initial chapters describe the state-of-the art research on the computational investigations in molecular biology, molecular pharmacy, and molecular medicine performed with the use of pure quantum-chemical techniques. The central part of the book illustrates the status of computational techniques that utilize hybrid, so called QM/MM approximations as well as the results of the QSAR studies which now are the most popular in predicting drugs’ efficiency. The last chapters describe combined computational and experimental investigations.

Gorb, Leonid, Kuz`min, Victor, Muratov, Eugene
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xiii, 550
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9789402406962
 (Softcover)
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The proposed volume provides both fundamental and detailed information about the computational and computational-experimental studies which improve our knowledge of how leaving matter functions, the different properties of drugs (including the calculation and the design of new ones), and the creation of completely new ways of treating numerical diseases. Whenever it is possible, the interplay between theory and experiment is provided. The book features computational techniques such as quantum-chemical and molecular dynamic approaches and quantitative structure–activity relationships.
The initial chapters describe the state-of-the art research on the computational investigations in molecular biology, molecular pharmacy, and molecular medicine performed with the use of pure quantum-chemical techniques. The central part of the book illustrates the status of computational techniques that utilize hybrid, so called QM/MM approximations as well as the results of the QSAR studies which now are the most popular in predicting drugs’ efficiency. The last chapters describe combined computational and experimental investigations.

Chen, Ji
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xi, 257
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783662475096
 (Hardcover)
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This book comprehensively details the applications of ionic liquids in rare earth green separation and utilization based on the unique interactions of ionic liquids with rare earth ions. It consists of nine chapters demonstrating the synthesis and properties of ionic liquids, coordination chemistry of ionic liquids and rare earth, ionic liquids as diluents, extractants, adsorption resins for rare earth extraction and separation, electrodeposition of rare earth metals in ionic liquids, and preparation of rare earth material with the aid of ionic liquids. It is both interesting and useful to chemists, metallurgists and graduate students working on fundamental research of ionic liquids as well as professionals in the rare earth industry. It provides considerable insights into green chemistry and sustainable processes for rare earth separation in order to meet the environmental challenge of rare earth metallurgy around the globe, especially in China.

Ji Chen is a Professor of Chemistry at the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Ji Chen obtained his doctorate from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), in 1999. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Chemical Metallurgy, CAS, from 1999 to 2001. Then he worked at the Kanazawa University, Japan and the University of Alabama, USA, from 2002 to 2004. He has been appointed as a professor of chemistry at Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry since 2004. Among his current interests are the utilization of ionic liquids (ILs) as extraction media or extractants and ILs functionalized solvent impregnated resin for the extraction and separation of rare earth and related metal ions, the interaction of extractant with rare earth and the mechanism of interfacial mass transfer, the clean rare earth separation techniques at an industrial scale for Bayan Obo rare earth ore with mixed bastnasite and monazite and ion-adsorbed rare earth deposits in South China.


Cranganu, Constantin, Luchian, Henri, Breaban, Mihaela Elena
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 290
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319359922
 (Softcover)
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This book presents several intelligent approaches for tackling and solving challenging practical problems facing those in the petroleum geosciences and petroleum industry. Written by experienced academics, this book offers state-of-the-art working examples and provides the reader with exposure to the latest developments in the field of intelligent methods applied to oil and gas research, exploration and production. It also analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of each method presented using benchmarking, whilst also emphasizing essential parameters such as robustness, accuracy, speed of convergence, computer time, overlearning and the role of normalization. The intelligent approaches presented include artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic, active learning method, genetic algorithms and support vector machines, amongst others.

Integration, handling data of immense size and uncertainty, and dealing with risk management are among crucial issues in petroleum geosciences. The problems we have to solve in this domain are becoming too complex to rely on a single discipline for effective solutions and the costs associated with poor predictions (e.g. dry holes) increase. Therefore, there is a need to establish a new approach aimed at proper integration of disciplines (such as petroleum engineering, geology, geophysics and geochemistry), data fusion, risk reduction and uncertainty management. These intelligent techniques can be used for uncertainty analysis, risk assessment, data fusion and mining, data analysis and interpretation, and knowledge discovery, from diverse data such as 3-D seismic, geological data, well logging, and production data. This book is intended for petroleum scientists, data miners, data scientists and professionals and post-graduate students involved in petroleum industry.

Constantin Cranganu is a professor of geophysics and petroleum geology at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York. He obtained a PhD degree (ABD) from the University of Bucharest, Romania  (1993) in geophysics and another PhD from the University of Oklahoma (1997) in geology.

Before coming to Brooklyn College, he worked at “Al. I. Cuza” University of Iasi, Romania and the School of Geology and Geophysics of University of Oklahoma. His main research covers various areas of petroleum geosciences: oil and gas generation, abnormal fluid pressures in sedimentary basins, gas hydrate exploitation, identification of gas-bearing layers using well logs, geostatistics, etc. Lately, Prof. Cranganu started using artificial intelligent approaches in his petroleum-related research. He published many books, peer-reviewed articles, book reviews and essays. His paper, “Using gene expression programming to estimate sonic log distributions based on the natural gamma ray and deep resistivity logs: A case study from the Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma”, (co-author Elena Bautu), published in Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering in 2012 was nominated for ENI Awards 2012.

Mihaela Elena Breab?n is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Computer Science, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Ia?i, Romania. She is teaching Databases and topics in Probabilities and Statistics, Data Mining and Natural Computing. She obtained her PhD in 2011 from Al.I.Cuza University with a thesis on unsupervised data analysis focused on clustering and feature selection. Post-doctoral research she conducted during Oct. 2011-Mar.2013 was focused on the subject of feature extraction. She conducted research periods at the National University of Seoul (2008), University of Massachusetts at Boston (2010), University of Coimbra (2012) and Goldsmiths University (UK, 2013). She was member in several research projects (CNCSIS-A national grant, CNCSIS-PNII 11-028/2007 partnership among national universities, PN-II-ID-JRP-2011 ERA NET-CHIST-ERA international partnership) and director of a national research project (CNCSIS PN-II-RU-TD-198). She was awarded a doctoral scholarship by participating in a national competition (CNCSIS-BD). She is member of the program committees of several conferences in the field of Computer Science. She is member of the organizing committee of the international doctoral summer school ECODAM.

Henri Luchian is a Professor of Computer Science at ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi where he teaches Computer Architecture, Data Mining and Natural Computing.
He is a Vice-rector of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University since 2004. He received his PhD in Mathematics/Computer Science in 1994 from `Babes-Bolyai` University of Cluj-Napoca. Result of his rich research activity, he gave several invited talks: University of Sapporo (2013), University of Tokyo (2010), University of Edinburgh (2010), Athens University of Economy and Business (2005), National University of Singapore (September 2003), University of Perugia (May-June 2002), University of Konstanz (June-July 2001), Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille (June 1999), University of Sheffield (April 1999), Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, (September 1998), Universitat Konstanz (July 1998), Universite Aix-Marseille II, Marseille (July 1997). He is member of the scientific committees of prestigious evolutionary computing venues: IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computing, IEEE Transactions on Data and Knowledge Engineering, IEEE Conference on Evolutionary Computation - since 1995, Parallel Problem Solving form Nature - since 1998. He is the director of the international summer-school on EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTING IN OPTIMIZATION AND DATA MINING organized every year in Iasi. Papers of Henri Luchian have been cited in:
Z. Michalewicz, Genetic Algorithms + Data Structures = Evolutionary Programs, Springer Verlag, 2nd edition – 1994 , page 257; 3rd edition – 1996. T. Back, D. Fogel, Z. Michalewicz, The Handbook of Evolutionary Computation, IOP Publishing - Oxford University Press, 1997 as well as in many papers published in prestigious journals (including Science) and conference proceedings.


Cranganu, Constantin, Luchian, Henri, Breaban, Mihaela Elena
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 290
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319165301
 (Hardcover)
Lieferstatus  
Science Sale abgelaufen
64.19
(inkl. 7% Mwst)

This book presents several intelligent approaches for tackling and solving challenging practical problems facing those in the petroleum geosciences and petroleum industry. Written by experienced academics, this book offers state-of-the-art working examples and provides the reader with exposure to the latest developments in the field of intelligent methods applied to oil and gas research, exploration and production. It also analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of each method presented using benchmarking, whilst also emphasizing essential parameters such as robustness, accuracy, speed of convergence, computer time, overlearning and the role of normalization. The intelligent approaches presented include artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic, active learning method, genetic algorithms and support vector machines, amongst others.

Integration, handling data of immense size and uncertainty, and dealing with risk management are among crucial issues in petroleum geosciences. The problems we have to solve in this domain are becoming too complex to rely on a single discipline for effective solutions and the costs associated with poor predictions (e.g. dry holes) increase. Therefore, there is a need to establish a new approach aimed at proper integration of disciplines (such as petroleum engineering, geology, geophysics and geochemistry), data fusion, risk reduction and uncertainty management. These intelligent techniques can be used for uncertainty analysis, risk assessment, data fusion and mining, data analysis and interpretation, and knowledge discovery, from diverse data such as 3-D seismic, geological data, well logging, and production data. This book is intended for petroleum scientists, data miners, data scientists and professionals and post-graduate students involved in petroleum industry.

Constantin Cranganu is a professor of geophysics and petroleum geology at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York. He obtained a PhD degree (ABD) from the University of Bucharest, Romania  (1993) in geophysics and another PhD from the University of Oklahoma (1997) in geology.

Before coming to Brooklyn College, he worked at “Al. I. Cuza” University of Iasi, Romania and the School of Geology and Geophysics of University of Oklahoma. His main research covers various areas of petroleum geosciences: oil and gas generation, abnormal fluid pressures in sedimentary basins, gas hydrate exploitation, identification of gas-bearing layers using well logs, geostatistics, etc. Lately, Prof. Cranganu started using artificial intelligent approaches in his petroleum-related research. He published many books, peer-reviewed articles, book reviews and essays. His paper, “Using gene expression programming to estimate sonic log distributions based on the natural gamma ray and deep resistivity logs: A case study from the Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma”, (co-author Elena Bautu), published in Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering in 2012 was nominated for ENI Awards 2012.

Mihaela Elena Breab?n is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Computer Science, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Ia?i, Romania. She is teaching Databases and topics in Probabilities and Statistics, Data Mining and Natural Computing. She obtained her PhD in 2011 from Al.I.Cuza University with a thesis on unsupervised data analysis focused on clustering and feature selection. Post-doctoral research she conducted during Oct. 2011-Mar.2013 was focused on the subject of feature extraction. She conducted research periods at the National University of Seoul (2008), University of Massachusetts at Boston (2010), University of Coimbra (2012) and Goldsmiths University (UK, 2013). She was member in several research projects (CNCSIS-A national grant, CNCSIS-PNII 11-028/2007 partnership among national universities, PN-II-ID-JRP-2011 ERA NET-CHIST-ERA international partnership) and director of a national research project (CNCSIS PN-II-RU-TD-198). She was awarded a doctoral scholarship by participating in a national competition (CNCSIS-BD). She is member of the program committees of several conferences in the field of Computer Science. She is member of the organizing committee of the international doctoral summer school ECODAM.

Henri Luchian is a Professor of Computer Science at ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi where he teaches Computer Architecture, Data Mining and Natural Computing.
He is a Vice-rector of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University since 2004. He received his PhD in Mathematics/Computer Science in 1994 from `Babes-Bolyai` University of Cluj-Napoca. Result of his rich research activity, he gave several invited talks: University of Sapporo (2013), University of Tokyo (2010), University of Edinburgh (2010), Athens University of Economy and Business (2005), National University of Singapore (September 2003), University of Perugia (May-June 2002), University of Konstanz (June-July 2001), Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille (June 1999), University of Sheffield (April 1999), Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, (September 1998), Universitat Konstanz (July 1998), Universite Aix-Marseille II, Marseille (July 1997). He is member of the scientific committees of prestigious evolutionary computing venues: IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computing, IEEE Transactions on Data and Knowledge Engineering, IEEE Conference on Evolutionary Computation - since 1995, Parallel Problem Solving form Nature - since 1998. He is the director of the international summer-school on EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTING IN OPTIMIZATION AND DATA MINING organized every year in Iasi. Papers of Henri Luchian have been cited in:
Z. Michalewicz, Genetic Algorithms + Data Structures = Evolutionary Programs, Springer Verlag, 2nd edition – 1994 , page 257; 3rd edition – 1996. T. Back, D. Fogel, Z. Michalewicz, The Handbook of Evolutionary Computation, IOP Publishing - Oxford University Press, 1997 as well as in many papers published in prestigious journals (including Science) and conference proceedings.


Zeggini, Eleftheria, Morris, Andrew
Design and Analysis of Genetic Studies
Springer New York
Seiten xi, 261
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9781493928231
 (Hardcover)
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This book is unique in covering a wide range of design and analysis issues in genetic studies of rare variants, taking advantage of collaboration of the editors with many experts in the field through large-scale international consortia including the UK10K Project, GO-T2D and T2D-GENES. Chapters provide details of state-of-the-art methodology for rare variant detection and calling, imputation and analysis in samples of unrelated individuals and families. The book also covers analytical issues associated with the study of rare variants, such as the impact of fine-scale population structure, and with combining information on rare variants across studies in a meta-analysis framework.

Genetic association studies have in the last few years substantially enhanced our understanding of factors underlying traits of high medical importance, such as body mass index, lipid levels, blood pressure and many others. There is growing empirical evidence that low-frequency and rare variants play an important role in complex human phenotypes. This book covers multiple aspects of study design, analysis and interpretation for complex trait studies focusing on rare sequence variation. In many areas of genomic research, including complex trait association studies, technology is in danger of outstripping our capacity to analyse and interpret the vast amounts of data generated. The field of statistical genetics in the whole-genome sequencing era is still in its infancy, but powerful methods to

analyse the aggregation of low-frequency and rare variants are now starting to emerge.


Aerts, C., Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., Kurtz, D. W.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xvi, 866
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9781402051784
 (Hardcover)
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Understanding the stars is the bedrock of modern astrophysics. Stars are the source of life. The chemical enrichment of our Milky Way and of the Universe withallelementsheavierthanlithiumoriginatesintheinteriorsofstars.Stars arethe tracersofthe dynamics ofthe Universe,gravitationallyimplying much more than meets the eye. Stars ionize the interstellar medium and re-ionized the early intergalactic medium. Understanding stellar structure and evolution is fundamental. While stellar structure and evolution are understood in general terms, we lack important physical ingredients, despite extensive research during recent decades.Classicalspectroscopy,photometry,astrometryandinterferometryof stars have traditionally been used as observational constraints to deduce the internal stellar physics. Unfortunately, these types of observations only allow the tuning of the basic common physics laws under stellar conditions with relatively poor precision. The situation is even more worrisome for unknown aspects of the physics and dynamics in stars. These are usually dealt with by using parameterised descriptions of, e.g., the treatments of convection, rotation,angularmomentumtransport,theequationofstate,atomicdi?usion andsettlingofelements,magneto-hydrodynamicalprocesses,andmore.There is a dearth of observational constraints on these processes, thus solar values areoftenassignedtothem.Yetitishardtoimaginethatonesetofparameters is appropriate for the vast range of stars.

Conny Aerts is full professor at the University of Leuven, Belgium, as well as professor by special appointment on the Chair Asteroseismology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard is full professor of helio- and asteroseismology at Aarhus University, Denmark. Don Kurtz is full professor at the University of Central Lancashire, UK.
Their collective expertise encompasses all aspects of asteroseismology. All three authors are experienced lecturers and participate in numerous scientific committees. Their research teams enjoy international recognition and are heavily involved in various ground-based and satellite projects on asteroseismology.

 


Smith, Ian W. M., Cockell, Charles S., Leach, Sydney
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten x, 350
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9783642317293
 (Hardcover)
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Astrochemistry and Astrobiology is the debut volume in the new series Physical Chemistry in Action. Aimed at both the novice and experienced researcher, this volume outlines the physico-chemical principles which underpin our attempts to understand astrochemistry and predict astrobiology. An introductory chapter includes fundamental aspects of physical chemistry required for understanding the field. Eight further chapters address specific topics, encompassing basic theory and models, up-to-date research and an outlook on future work. The last chapter examines each of the topics again but addressed from a different angle. Written and edited by international experts, this text is accessible for those entering the field of astrochemistry and astrobiology, while it still remains interesting for more experienced researchers.


Smith, Ian W. M., Cockell, Charles S., Leach, Sydney
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten x, 350
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9783642434792
 (Softcover)
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Astrochemistry and Astrobiology is the debut volume in the new series Physical Chemistry in Action. Aimed at both the novice and experienced researcher, this volume outlines the physico-chemical principles which underpin our attempts to understand astrochemistry and predict astrobiology. An introductory chapter includes fundamental aspects of physical chemistry required for understanding the field. Eight further chapters address specific topics, encompassing basic theory and models, up-to-date research and an outlook on future work. The last chapter examines each of the topics again but addressed from a different angle. Written and edited by international experts, this text is accessible for those entering the field of astrochemistry and astrobiology, while it still remains interesting for more experienced researchers.


Lemaitre, Gérard René
Active Optics Methods
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxi, 575
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9783540689041
 (Hardcover)
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Astronomical Optics and Elasticity Theory provides a very thorough and comprehensive account of what is known in this field. After an extensive introduction to optics and elasticity, the book discusses variable curvature and multimode deformable mirrors, as well as, in depth, active optics, its theory and applications. Further, optical design utilizing the Schmidt concept and various types of Schmidt correctors, as well as the elasticity theory of thin plates and shells are elaborated upon. Several active optics methods are developed for obtaining aberration corrected diffraction gratings. Further, a weakly conical shell theory of elasticity is elaborated for the aspherization of grazing incidence telescope mirrors.

The very didactic and fairly easy-to-read presentation of the topic will enable PhD students and young researchers to actively participate in challenging astronomical optics and instrumentation projects.


Lemaitre, Gérard René
Active Optics Methods
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxi, 575
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9783642088438
 (Softcover)
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Astronomical Optics and Elasticity Theory provides a very thorough and comprehensive account of what is known in this field. After an extensive introduction to optics and elasticity, the book discusses variable curvature and multimode deformable mirrors, as well as, in depth, active optics, its theory and applications. Further, optical design utilizing the Schmidt concept and various types of Schmidt correctors, as well as the elasticity theory of thin plates and shells are elaborated upon. Several active optics methods are developed for obtaining aberration corrected diffraction gratings. Further, a weakly conical shell theory of elasticity is elaborated for the aspherization of grazing incidence telescope mirrors.

The very didactic and fairly easy-to-read presentation of the topic will enable PhD students and young researchers to actively participate in challenging astronomical optics and instrumentation projects.


Noguchi, Tetsuko, Kawano, Shigeyuki, Tsukaya, Hirokazu, Matsunaga, Sachihiro, Sakai, Atsushi, Karahara, Ichirou, Hayashi, Yasuko
Springer Japan
Seiten xxv, 202
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9784431563952
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This atlas presents beautiful photographs and 3D-reconstruction images of cellular structures in plants, algae, fungi, and related organisms taken by a variety of microscopes and visualization techniques. Much of the knowledge described here has been gathered only in the past quarter of a century and represents the frontier of research. The book is divided into nine chapters: Nuclei and Chromosomes; Mitochondria; Chloroplasts; The Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatuses, and Endocytic Organelles; Vacuoles and Storage Organelles; Cytoskeletons; Cell Walls; Generative Cells; and Meristems. Each chapter includes several illustrative photographs accompanied by a short text explaining the background and meaning of the image and the method by which it was obtained, with references. Readers can enjoy the visual tour within cells and will obtain new insights into plant cell structure. This atlas is recommended for plant scientists, students, their teachers, and anyone else who is curious about the extraordinary variety of living things.


Noguchi, Tetsuko, Kawano, Shigeyuki, Tsukaya, Hirokazu, Matsunaga, Sachihiro, Sakai, Atsushi, Karahara, Ichirou, Hayashi, Yasuko
Springer Japan
Seiten xxv, 202
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9784431549406
 (Hardcover)
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This atlas presents beautiful photographs and 3D-reconstruction images of cellular structures in plants, algae, fungi, and related organisms taken by a variety of microscopes and visualization techniques. Much of the knowledge described here has been gathered only in the past quarter of a century and represents the frontier of research. The book is divided into nine chapters: Nuclei and Chromosomes; Mitochondria; Chloroplasts; The Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatuses, and Endocytic Organelles; Vacuoles and Storage Organelles; Cytoskeletons; Cell Walls; Generative Cells; and Meristems. Each chapter includes several illustrative photographs accompanied by a short text explaining the background and meaning of the image and the method by which it was obtained, with references. Readers can enjoy the visual tour within cells and will obtain new insights into plant cell structure. This atlas is recommended for plant scientists, students, their teachers, and anyone else who is curious about the extraordinary variety of living things.


Schweingruber, Fritz Hans, Börner, Annett, Schulze, Ernst-Detlef
Evolution, Structure, and Environmental Modifications
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten x, 229
Erscheinungsjahr 2008
ISBN 9783540325239
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This atlas gives a unique assemblage of microscopic slides of wood anatomy and of the respective species in nature and demonstrates the reaction of stem anatomy to environments in which plants form woody stems. It provides insight into the evolution of wood, to the variation of wood anatomy in response to climate and disturbances, and it gives an introduction to the methodology used to study wood. Special attention has been given to the unique feature of secondary growth. In color throughout and with more than 700 both beautiful and instructive illustrations, the wide-ranging scientific content of this book makes it both attractive and unique.


Schweingruber, Fritz Hans, Börner, Annett, Schulze, Ernst-Detlef
Evolution, Structure, and Environmental Modifications
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten x, 229
Erscheinungsjahr 2008
ISBN 9783642436444
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This atlas gives a unique assemblage of microscopic slides of wood anatomy and of the respective species in nature and demonstrates the reaction of stem anatomy to environments in which plants form woody stems. It provides insight into the evolution of wood, to the variation of wood anatomy in response to climate and disturbances, and it gives an introduction to the methodology used to study wood. Special attention has been given to the unique feature of secondary growth. In color throughout and with more than 700 both beautiful and instructive illustrations, the wide-ranging scientific content of this book makes it both attractive and unique.


Hofmann, Siegfried
A User-Oriented Guide
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xx, 528
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9783642273803
 (Hardcover)
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To anyone who is interested in surface chemical analysis of materials on the nanometer scale, this book is prepared to give appropriate information. Based on typical application examples in materials science, a concise approach to all aspects of quantitative analysis of surfaces and thin films with AES and XPS is provided. Starting from basic principles which are step by step developed into practically useful equations, extensive guidance is given to graduate students as well as to experienced researchers. Key chapters are those on quantitative surface analysis and on quantitative depth profiling, including recent developments in topics such as surface excitation parameter and backscattering correction factor. Basic relations are derived for emission and excitation angle dependencies in the analysis of bulk material and of fractional nano-layer structures, and for both smooth and rough surfaces. It is shown how to optimize the analytical strategy, signal-to-noise ratio, certainty and detection limit. Worked examples for quantification of alloys and of layer structures in practical cases (e.g. contamination, evaporation, segregation and oxidation) are used to critically review different approaches to quantification with respect to average matrix correction factors and matrix relative sensitivity factors. State-of-the-art issues in quantitative, destructive and non-destructive depth profiling are discussed with emphasis on sputter depth profiling and on angle resolved XPS and AES. Taking into account preferential sputtering and electron backscattering corrections, an introduction to the mixing-roughness-information depth (MRI) model and its extensions is presented.  


Hofmann, Siegfried
A User-Oriented Guide
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xx, 528
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9783642431739
 (Softcover)
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To anyone who is interested in surface chemical analysis of materials on the nanometer scale, this book is prepared to give appropriate information. Based on typical application examples in materials science, a concise approach to all aspects of quantitative analysis of surfaces and thin films with AES and XPS is provided. Starting from basic principles which are step by step developed into practically useful equations, extensive guidance is given to graduate students as well as to experienced researchers. Key chapters are those on quantitative surface analysis and on quantitative depth profiling, including recent developments in topics such as surface excitation parameter and backscattering correction factor. Basic relations are derived for emission and excitation angle dependencies in the analysis of bulk material and of fractional nano-layer structures, and for both smooth and rough surfaces. It is shown how to optimize the analytical strategy, signal-to-noise ratio, certainty and detection limit. Worked examples for quantification of alloys and of layer structures in practical cases (e.g. contamination, evaporation, segregation and oxidation) are used to critically review different approaches to quantification with respect to average matrix correction factors and matrix relative sensitivity factors. State-of-the-art issues in quantitative, destructive and non-destructive depth profiling are discussed with emphasis on sputter depth profiling and on angle resolved XPS and AES. Taking into account preferential sputtering and electron backscattering corrections, an introduction to the mixing-roughness-information depth (MRI) model and its extensions is presented.  


Van?ik, Hrvoj
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xiii, 179
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319361567
 (Softcover)
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This book is designed for students of biology, molecular biology, ecology, medicine, agriculture, forestry and other professions where the knowledge of organic chemistry plays the important role. The work may also be of interest to non-professionals, as well as to teachers in high schools. The book consists of 11 chapters that cover: - basic principles of structure and constitution of organic compounds, - the elements of the nomenclature, - the concepts of the nature of chemical bond, - introductions in NMR and IR spectroscopy, - the concepts and main classes of the organic reaction mechanisms, - reactions and properties of common classes or organic compounds, - and the introduction to the chemistry of the natural organic products followed by basic principles of the reactions in living cells.

Van?ik, Hrvoj
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xiii, 179
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319076041
 (Hardcover)
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This book is designed for students of biology, molecular biology, ecology, medicine, agriculture, forestry and other professions where the knowledge of organic chemistry plays the important role. The work may also be of interest to non-professionals, as well as to teachers in high schools. The book consists of 11 chapters that cover: - basic principles of structure and constitution of organic compounds, - the elements of the nomenclature, - the concepts of the nature of chemical bond, - introductions in NMR and IR spectroscopy, - the concepts and main classes of the organic reaction mechanisms, - reactions and properties of common classes or organic compounds, - and the introduction to the chemistry of the natural organic products followed by basic principles of the reactions in living cells.

Gomarasca, Mario A.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xli, 656
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9789400789517
 (Softcover)
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Geomatics is a neologism, the use of which is becoming increasingly widespread, even if it is not still universally accepted. It includes several disciplines and te- niques for the study of the Earth’s surface and its environments, and computer science plays a decisive role. A more meaningful and appropriate expression is G- spatial Information or GeoInformation. Geo-spatial Information embeds topography in its more modern forms (measurements with electronic instrumentation, sophisticated techniques of data analysis and network compensation, global satellite positioning techniques, laser scanning, etc.), analytical and digital photogrammetry, satellite and airborne remote sensing, numerical cartography, geographical information systems, decision support systems, WebGIS, etc. These specialized elds are intimately interrelated in terms of both the basic science and the results pursued: rigid separation does not allow us to discover several common aspects and the fundamental importance assumed in a search for solutions in the complex survey context. The objective pursued by Mario A. Gomarasca, one that is only apparently modest, is to publish an integrated text on the surveying theme, containing simple and comprehensible concepts relevant to experts in Geo-spatial Information and/or speci cally in one of the disciplines that compose it. At the same time, the book is rigorous and synthetic, describing with precision the main instruments and methods connected to the multiple techniques available today.

Gomarasca, Mario A.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xli, 656
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781402090134
 (Hardcover)
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99.50
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Geomatics is a neologism, the use of which is becoming increasingly widespread, even if it is not still universally accepted. It includes several disciplines and te- niques for the study of the Earth’s surface and its environments, and computer science plays a decisive role. A more meaningful and appropriate expression is G- spatial Information or GeoInformation. Geo-spatial Information embeds topography in its more modern forms (measurements with electronic instrumentation, sophisticated techniques of data analysis and network compensation, global satellite positioning techniques, laser scanning, etc.), analytical and digital photogrammetry, satellite and airborne remote sensing, numerical cartography, geographical information systems, decision support systems, WebGIS, etc. These specialized elds are intimately interrelated in terms of both the basic science and the results pursued: rigid separation does not allow us to discover several common aspects and the fundamental importance assumed in a search for solutions in the complex survey context. The objective pursued by Mario A. Gomarasca, one that is only apparently modest, is to publish an integrated text on the surveying theme, containing simple and comprehensible concepts relevant to experts in Geo-spatial Information and/or speci cally in one of the disciplines that compose it. At the same time, the book is rigorous and synthetic, describing with precision the main instruments and methods connected to the multiple techniques available today.

Moheimani, Navid R., McHenry, Mark P., de Boer, Karne, Bahri, Parisa A.
Advances in Engineering and Biology
Springer International Publishing
Seiten ix, 373
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319166391
 (Hardcover)
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This comprehensive book details the most recent advances in the microalgae biological sciences and engineering technologies for biomass and biofuel production in order to meet the ongoing need for new and affordable sources of food, chemicals and energy for future generations. The chapters explore new microalgae cultivation techniques, including solid (biofilm) systems, and heterotrophic production methods, while also critically investigating topics such as combining wastewater as a source of nutrients, the effect of CO2 on growth, and converting biomass to methane through anaerobic digestion. The book highlights innovative bioproduct optimization and molecular genetic techniques, applications of genomics and metabolomics, and the genetic engineering of microalgae strains targeting biocrude production. The latest developments in microalgae harvesting and dewatering technologies, which combine biomass production with electricity generation, are presented, along with detailed techno-economic modeling. This extensive volume was written by respected experts in their fields and is intended for a wide audience of researchers and engineers.


Moheimani, Navid R., McHenry, Mark P., de Boer, Karne, Bahri, Parisa A.
Advances in Engineering and Biology
Springer International Publishing
Seiten ix, 373
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319348681
 (Softcover)
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This comprehensive book details the most recent advances in the microalgae biological sciences and engineering technologies for biomass and biofuel production in order to meet the ongoing need for new and affordable sources of food, chemicals and energy for future generations. The chapters explore new microalgae cultivation techniques, including solid (biofilm) systems, and heterotrophic production methods, while also critically investigating topics such as combining wastewater as a source of nutrients, the effect of CO2 on growth, and converting biomass to methane through anaerobic digestion. The book highlights innovative bioproduct optimization and molecular genetic techniques, applications of genomics and metabolomics, and the genetic engineering of microalgae strains targeting biocrude production. The latest developments in microalgae harvesting and dewatering technologies, which combine biomass production with electricity generation, are presented, along with detailed techno-economic modeling. This extensive volume was written by respected experts in their fields and is intended for a wide audience of researchers and engineers.


Liang, Rongguang
Design and Applications
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 382
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9783642283901
 (Hardcover)
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This book provides an introduction to design of biomedical optical imaging technologies and their applications. The main topics include: fluorescence imaging, confocal imaging, micro-endoscope, polarization imaging, hyperspectral imaging, OCT imaging, multimodal imaging and spectroscopic systems.

Each chapter is written by the world leaders of the respective fields, and will cover:

  • principles and limitations of optical imaging technology,
  • system design and practical implementation for one or two specific applications, including design guidelines, system configuration, optical design, component requirements and selection, system optimization and design examples,
  • recent advances and applications in biomedical researches and clinical imaging.

This book serves as a reference for students and researchers in optics and biomedical engineering.


Liang, Rongguang
Design and Applications
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 382
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9783642434716
 (Softcover)
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This book provides an introduction to design of biomedical optical imaging technologies and their applications. The main topics include: fluorescence imaging, confocal imaging, micro-endoscope, polarization imaging, hyperspectral imaging, OCT imaging, multimodal imaging and spectroscopic systems.

Each chapter is written by the world leaders of the respective fields, and will cover:

  • principles and limitations of optical imaging technology,
  • system design and practical implementation for one or two specific applications, including design guidelines, system configuration, optical design, component requirements and selection, system optimization and design examples,
  • recent advances and applications in biomedical researches and clinical imaging.

This book serves as a reference for students and researchers in optics and biomedical engineering.


Nachtigall, Werner, Wisser, Alfred
250 Scenarios from Classical to Modern Times
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 325
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319375144
 (Softcover)
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Bionics means learning from the nature for the development of technology. The science of `bionics` itself is classified into several sections, from materials and structures over procedures and processes until evolution and optimization. Not all these areas, or only a few, are really known in the public and also in scientific literature. This includes the Lotus-effect, converted to the contamination-reduction of fassades and the shark-shed-effect, converted to the resistance-reduction of airplanes. However, there are hundreds of highly interesting examples that contain the transformation of principles of the nature into technology. From the large number of these examples, 250 were selected for the present book according to `prehistory`, `early-history`, `classic` and `modern time`. Most examples are new. Every example includes a printed page in a homogeneous arrangement. The examples from the field `modern time` are joint in blocks corresponding to the sub-disciplines of bionics.

Nachtigall, Werner, Wisser, Alfred
250 Scenarios from Classical to Modern Times
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 325
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319058573
 (Hardcover)
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Bionics means learning from the nature for the development of technology. The science of `bionics` itself is classified into several sections, from materials and structures over procedures and processes until evolution and optimization. Not all these areas, or only a few, are really known in the public and also in scientific literature. This includes the Lotus-effect, converted to the contamination-reduction of fassades and the shark-shed-effect, converted to the resistance-reduction of airplanes. However, there are hundreds of highly interesting examples that contain the transformation of principles of the nature into technology. From the large number of these examples, 250 were selected for the present book according to `prehistory`, `early-history`, `classic` and `modern time`. Most examples are new. Every example includes a printed page in a homogeneous arrangement. The examples from the field `modern time` are joint in blocks corresponding to the sub-disciplines of bionics.

Meier, David L.
The Engine Paradigm
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxxi, 927
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642019357
 (Hardcover)
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As a result of significant research over the past 20 years, black holes are now linked to some of the most spectacular and exciting phenomena in the Universe, ranging in size from those that have the same mass as stars to the super-massive objects that lie at the heart of most galaxies, including our own Milky Way. This book first introduces the properties of simple isolated holes, then adds in complications like rotation, accretion, radiation, and magnetic fields, finally arriving at a basic understanding of how these immense engines work.

Black Hole Astrophysics

• reviews our current knowledge of cosmic black holes and how they generate the most powerful observed pheonomena in the Universe;

• highlights the latest, most up-to-date theories and discoveries in this very active area of astrophysical research;

• demonstrates why we believe that black holes are responsible for important phenomena such as quasars, microquasars and gammaray bursts;

• explains to the reader the nature of the violent and spectacular outfl ows (winds and jets) generated by black hole accretion.

David Meier is a Senior Research Scientist and supervisor of the Evolution of Galaxies Group at Caltech`s Jet Propulsion  Laboratory in Pasadena, CA.  David had an early career doing research in genetics at Washington University School of Medicine and in solid state physics at the University of Missouri - Rolla (UMR), before achieving his goal of research in astrophysics. He was educated in physics at UMR (BS 1971; MS 1973) and in astrophysics at The University of Texas at Austin (MA 1975; PhD 1977), working there under D. Schramm, B. Tinsley, and J.C. Wheeler on astrophysical jet production, galaxy formation, and winds from accretion disks around black holes.  In 1976, with Tinsley, he predicted the existence of primeval Lyman break galaxies, which since have been discovered and found to have many of their expected properties.  At Caltech and JPL David has been an integral part of a number of projects and missions involving observations of galaxies and black hole systems, including very long baseline radio interferometry (VLBI) in the southern hemisphere, VLBI using a space-based antenna (which created a telescope three times the size of the earth), and the space interferometer mission SIM.  He also spent several years working on the US government`s “star wars” project and was the group leader for parallel computing applications in that effort.  While much of his recent work has been theoretical investigations of accretion inflows and outflows from black holes systems, David also enjoys occasional observational studies, using some of the satellites and telescopes on which he has worked. He also greatly enjoys his three grandsons, with a fourth soon to arrive.

 


Bakht, Baidar, Mufti, Aftab
Analysis, Design, Structural Health Monitoring, and Rehabilitation
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xv, 425
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319178424
 (Mixed Media)
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This book offers a valuable guide for practicing bridge engineers and graduate students in structural engineering; its main purpose is to present the latest concepts in bridge engineering in fairly easy-to-follow terms.

The book provides details of easy-to-use computer programs for:

· Analysing slab-on-girder bridges for live load distribution.

· Analysing slab and other solid bridge components for live load distribution.

· Analysing and designing concrete deck slab overhangs of girder bridges under vehicular loads.

· Determining the failure loads of concrete deck slabs of girder bridges under concentrated wheel loads.

In addition, the book includes extensive chapters dealing with the design of wood bridges and soil-steel bridges. Further, a unique chapter on structural health monitoring (SHM) will help bridge engineers determine the actual load carrying capacities of bridges, as opposed to their perceived analytical capacities.

The chapter addressing structures made with fibre-reinforced polymers will allow engineers to design highly durable, economical and sustainable structures. This chapter also provides guidance on rehabilitating deteriorated structures with these new materials.

The book also deals with the philosophy of bridge design without resorting to complex equations.

Additional material to this book can be downloaded from http://extras.springer.com

Aftab Mufti was the Editor in Chief of our Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring until December 2013.

Campbell, Lynda J.
Methods and Protocols
Humana Press
Seiten x, 273
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
ISBN 9781617790737
 (Hardcover)
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Cytogenetic studies of malignancy have become an essential tool in the clinical management of cancer patients. Cancer Cytogenetics: Methods and Protocols presents eminently practical key cytogenetic and FISH techniques for every stage of diagnostic service. Experts in the field describe detailed cytogenetic analysis methods, fluorescence in situ hybridization and array methods currently being applied to investigate and diagnose different varieties of cancer. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series format, chapters contain introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, and step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols. The authors of the various chapters have also provided extensive notes to guide individuals who are new to these methods through the pitfalls that bedevil all such testing.

Authoritative and accessible, Cancer Cytogenetics: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide to scientists of all backgrounds, allowing them to either establish new techniques in their laboratories or find the different variations of standard methods helpful in improving their results.


Park, Soo-Jin
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xi, 330
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401794770
 (Hardcover)
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This book contains eight chapters that discuss the manufacturing methods, surface treatment, composite interfaces, microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental physical and mechanical principles, and applications of carbon fibers and their composites.
Recently, carbon-based materials have received much attention for their many potential applications. The carbon fibers are very strong, stiff, and lightweight, enabling the carbon materials to deliver improved performance in several applications such as aerospace, sports, automotive, wind energy, oil and gas, infrastructure, defense, and semiconductors. However, the use of carbon fibers in cost-sensitive, high-volume industrial applications is limited because of their relatively high costs. However, its production is expected to increase because of its widespread use in high-volume industrial applications; therefore, the methods used for manufacturing carbon fibers and carbon-fiber-reinforced composites and their structures and characteristics need to be investigated.

Soo-Jin PARK is a professor in the department of chemistry at Inha University and an Editor-in-Chief of Carbon Letters. He received his Ph.D. in 1992 carried out under the supervision of Prof. Jean-Baptiste DONNET from Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France. His research interests include carbon materials for energy conversion and storage, curing catalysts and polymer-carbon composites, green adsorption device with porous carbons, and so on.


Park, Soo-Jin
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xi, 330
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789402403794
 (Softcover)
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This book contains eight chapters that discuss the manufacturing methods, surface treatment, composite interfaces, microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental physical and mechanical principles, and applications of carbon fibers and their composites.
Recently, carbon-based materials have received much attention for their many potential applications. The carbon fibers are very strong, stiff, and lightweight, enabling the carbon materials to deliver improved performance in several applications such as aerospace, sports, automotive, wind energy, oil and gas, infrastructure, defense, and semiconductors. However, the use of carbon fibers in cost-sensitive, high-volume industrial applications is limited because of their relatively high costs. However, its production is expected to increase because of its widespread use in high-volume industrial applications; therefore, the methods used for manufacturing carbon fibers and carbon-fiber-reinforced composites and their structures and characteristics need to be investigated.

Soo-Jin PARK is a professor in the department of chemistry at Inha University and an Editor-in-Chief of Carbon Letters. He received his Ph.D. in 1992 carried out under the supervision of Prof. Jean-Baptiste DONNET from Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France. His research interests include carbon materials for energy conversion and storage, curing catalysts and polymer-carbon composites, green adsorption device with porous carbons, and so on.


Matteucci, Francesca
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 226
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642224904
 (Hardcover)
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The term “chemical evolution of galaxies” refers to the evolution of abundances of chemical species in galaxies, which is due to nuclear processes occurring in stars and to gas flows into and out of galaxies.

This book deals with the chemical evolution of galaxies of all morphological types (ellipticals, spirals and irregulars) and stresses the importance of the star formation histories in determining the properties of stellar populations in different galaxies. The topic is approached in a didactical and logical manner via galaxy evolution models which are compared with observational results obtained in the last two decades: The reader is given an introduction to the concept of chemical abundances and learns about the main stellar populations in our Galaxy as well as about the classification of galaxy types and their main observables. In the core of the book, the construction and solution of chemical evolution models are discussed in detail, followed by descriptions and interpretations of observations of the chemical evolution of the Milky Way, spheroidal galaxies, irregular galaxies and of cosmic chemical evolution.

The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to students as well as to amend our present ideas in research;  the book also summarizes the efforts made by authors in the past several years in order to further future research in the field.

 

Francesca Matteucci is associate professor at the University of Trieste, Italy, where she teaches Stellar Physics. Her field of research is the chemical evolution of galaxies of different morphological type, supernova rates and supernova progenitors.


Matteucci, Francesca
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 226
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642430053
 (Softcover)
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56.16
(inkl. 7% Mwst)

The term “chemical evolution of galaxies” refers to the evolution of abundances of chemical species in galaxies, which is due to nuclear processes occurring in stars and to gas flows into and out of galaxies.

This book deals with the chemical evolution of galaxies of all morphological types (ellipticals, spirals and irregulars) and stresses the importance of the star formation histories in determining the properties of stellar populations in different galaxies. The topic is approached in a didactical and logical manner via galaxy evolution models which are compared with observational results obtained in the last two decades: The reader is given an introduction to the concept of chemical abundances and learns about the main stellar populations in our Galaxy as well as about the classification of galaxy types and their main observables. In the core of the book, the construction and solution of chemical evolution models are discussed in detail, followed by descriptions and interpretations of observations of the chemical evolution of the Milky Way, spheroidal galaxies, irregular galaxies and of cosmic chemical evolution.

The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to students as well as to amend our present ideas in research;  the book also summarizes the efforts made by authors in the past several years in order to further future research in the field.

 

Francesca Matteucci is associate professor at the University of Trieste, Italy, where she teaches Stellar Physics. Her field of research is the chemical evolution of galaxies of different morphological type, supernova rates and supernova progenitors.


Kueper, Bernard H., Stroo, Hans F., Vogel, Catherine M., Ward, C. Herb
Springer New York
Seiten liii, 713
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9781461469216
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The purpose of this book is to help engineers and scientists better understand dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) contamination of groundwater and the methods and technology used for characterization and remediation. Remediation of DNAPL source zones is very difficult and controversial and must be based on state-of-the-art knowledge of the behavior (transport and fate) of nonaqueous phase liquids in the subsurface and site specific geology, chemistry and hydrology. This volume is focused on the characterization and remediation of nonaqueous phase chlorinated solvents and it is hoped that mid-level engineers and scientists will find this book helpful in understanding the current state-of-practice of DNAPL source zone management and remediation.

Gimeno Gasca, Cecilia, Celma Pueyo, Santiago, Aldea Chagoyen, Concepción
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxii, 148
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319105628
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This book introduces readers to the design of adaptive equalization solutions integrated in standard CMOS technology for high-speed serial links. Since continuous-time equalizers offer various advantages as an alternative to discrete-time equalizers at multi-gigabit rates, this book provides a detailed description of continuous-time adaptive equalizers design - both at  transistor and system levels-, their main characteristics and performances. The authors begin with a complete review and analysis of the state of the art of equalizers for wireline applications, describing why they are necessary, their types, and their main applications. Next, theoretical fundamentals of continuous-time adaptive equalizers are explored. Then, new structures are proposed to implement the different building blocks of the adaptive equalizer: line equalizer, loop-filters, power comparator, etc.  The authors demonstrate the design of a complete low-power, low-voltage, high-speed, continuous-time adaptive equalizer. Finally, a cost-effective CMOS receiver which includes the proposed continuous-time adaptive equalizer is designed for 1.25 Gb/s optical communications through 50-m length, 1-mm diameter plastic optical fiber (POF).       

Gimeno Gasca, Cecilia, Celma Pueyo, Santiago, Aldea Chagoyen, Concepción
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxii, 148
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319384856
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This book introduces readers to the design of adaptive equalization solutions integrated in standard CMOS technology for high-speed serial links. Since continuous-time equalizers offer various advantages as an alternative to discrete-time equalizers at multi-gigabit rates, this book provides a detailed description of continuous-time adaptive equalizers design - both at  transistor and system levels-, their main characteristics and performances. The authors begin with a complete review and analysis of the state of the art of equalizers for wireline applications, describing why they are necessary, their types, and their main applications. Next, theoretical fundamentals of continuous-time adaptive equalizers are explored. Then, new structures are proposed to implement the different building blocks of the adaptive equalizer: line equalizer, loop-filters, power comparator, etc.  The authors demonstrate the design of a complete low-power, low-voltage, high-speed, continuous-time adaptive equalizer. Finally, a cost-effective CMOS receiver which includes the proposed continuous-time adaptive equalizer is designed for 1.25 Gb/s optical communications through 50-m length, 1-mm diameter plastic optical fiber (POF).       

Giessmann, Andreas
A Practical Guide to Coating and Laminating Technologies
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 246
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642441141
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This book provides knowledge on the finishing of substrates with a functionalising coating, emphasizing on technical textiles. The spectrum of topics covers different substrates and coating materials, process engineering and equipment components as well as complex machinery. The reader is presented with an overview of the technical capabilities of substrate coating, enabling the practitioner to design and implement new products. Furthermore the author goes into detail on various air pollution control procedures and economic issues of asset valuation.

Dr. Andreas Giessmann has been active for more than 15 years in the coating field. After studying Production and Industrial Engineering as well as Business Studies, he received his PhD in the field of Mechanical Engineering at the Technical University of Dresden. He is a managing partner at Coatema Coating Machinery GmbH, a company which develops, produces and globally distributes coating machinery.
Among other endeavours, Dr. Giessmann works in the advisory council of the Institute for Special Textiles and Flexible Materials Thüringen-Vogtland and of the Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V. in Stuttgart.


Giessmann, Andreas
A Practical Guide to Coating and Laminating Technologies
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 246
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642291593
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This book provides knowledge on the finishing of substrates with a functionalising coating, emphasizing on technical textiles. The spectrum of topics covers different substrates and coating materials, process engineering and equipment components as well as complex machinery. The reader is presented with an overview of the technical capabilities of substrate coating, enabling the practitioner to design and implement new products. Furthermore the author goes into detail on various air pollution control procedures and economic issues of asset valuation.

Dr. Andreas Giessmann has been active for more than 15 years in the coating field. After studying Production and Industrial Engineering as well as Business Studies, he received his PhD in the field of Mechanical Engineering at the Technical University of Dresden. He is a managing partner at Coatema Coating Machinery GmbH, a company which develops, produces and globally distributes coating machinery.
Among other endeavours, Dr. Giessmann works in the advisory council of the Institute for Special Textiles and Flexible Materials Thüringen-Vogtland and of the Forschungskuratorium Textil e.V. in Stuttgart.


Tu, Jiyuan, Inthavong, Kiao, Wong, Kelvin Kian Loong
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xvi, 351
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401795937
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This book discusses geometric and mathematical models that can be used to study fluid and structural mechanics in the cardiovascular system. Where traditional research methodologies in the human cardiovascular system are challenging due to its invasive nature, several recent advances in medical imaging and computational fluid and solid mechanics modelling now provide new and exciting research opportunities. This emerging field of study is multi-disciplinary, involving numerical methods, computational science, fluid and structural mechanics, and biomedical engineering. Certainly any new student or researcher in this field may feel overwhelmed by the wide range of disciplines that need to be understood.

This unique book is one of the first to bring together knowledge from multiple disciplines, providing a starting point to each of the individual disciplines involved, attempting to ease the steep learning curve. This book presents elementary knowledge on the physiology of the cardiovascular system; basic knowledge and techniques on reconstructing geometric models from medical imaging; mathematics that describe fluid and structural mechanics, and corresponding numerical/computational methods to solve its equations and problems.

Many practical examples and case studies are presented to reinforce best practice guidelines for setting high quality computational models and simulations. These examples contain a large number of images for visualization, to explain cardiovascular physiological functions and disease. The reader is then exposed to some of the latest research activities through a summary of breakthrough research models, findings, and techniques.

The book’s approach is aimed at students and researchers entering this field from engineering, applied mathematics, biotechnology or medicine, wishing to engage in this emerging and exciting field of computational hemodynamics modelling.


Tu, Jiyuan, Inthavong, Kiao, Wong, Kelvin Kian Loong
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xvi, 351
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789402407426
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This book discusses geometric and mathematical models that can be used to study fluid and structural mechanics in the cardiovascular system. Where traditional research methodologies in the human cardiovascular system are challenging due to its invasive nature, several recent advances in medical imaging and computational fluid and solid mechanics modelling now provide new and exciting research opportunities. This emerging field of study is multi-disciplinary, involving numerical methods, computational science, fluid and structural mechanics, and biomedical engineering. Certainly any new student or researcher in this field may feel overwhelmed by the wide range of disciplines that need to be understood.

This unique book is one of the first to bring together knowledge from multiple disciplines, providing a starting point to each of the individual disciplines involved, attempting to ease the steep learning curve. This book presents elementary knowledge on the physiology of the cardiovascular system; basic knowledge and techniques on reconstructing geometric models from medical imaging; mathematics that describe fluid and structural mechanics, and corresponding numerical/computational methods to solve its equations and problems.

Many practical examples and case studies are presented to reinforce best practice guidelines for setting high quality computational models and simulations. These examples contain a large number of images for visualization, to explain cardiovascular physiological functions and disease. The reader is then exposed to some of the latest research activities through a summary of breakthrough research models, findings, and techniques.

The book’s approach is aimed at students and researchers entering this field from engineering, applied mathematics, biotechnology or medicine, wishing to engage in this emerging and exciting field of computational hemodynamics modelling.


Dieing, Thomas, Hollricher, Olaf, Toporski, Jan
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xvi, 292
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
ISBN 9783642125218
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Confocal Raman Microscopy is a relatively new technique that allows chemical imaging without specific sample preparation. By integrating a sensitive Raman spectrometer within a state-of-the-art microscope, Raman microscopy with a spatial resolution down to 200nm laterally and 500nm vertically can be achieved using visible light excitation. Recent developments in detector and computer technology as well as optimized instrument design have reduced integration times of Raman spectra by orders of magnitude, so that complete images consisting of tens of thousands of Raman spectra can be acquired in seconds or minutes rather than hours, which used to be standard just one decade ago. The purpose of this book is to provide the reader a comprehensive overview of the rapidly developing field of Confocal Raman Microscopy and its applications.

Dieing, Thomas, Hollricher, Olaf, Toporski, Jan
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xvi, 292
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
ISBN 9783642266829
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Confocal Raman Microscopy is a relatively new technique that allows chemical imaging without specific sample preparation. By integrating a sensitive Raman spectrometer within a state-of-the-art microscope, Raman microscopy with a spatial resolution down to 200nm laterally and 500nm vertically can be achieved using visible light excitation. Recent developments in detector and computer technology as well as optimized instrument design have reduced integration times of Raman spectra by orders of magnitude, so that complete images consisting of tens of thousands of Raman spectra can be acquired in seconds or minutes rather than hours, which used to be standard just one decade ago. The purpose of this book is to provide the reader a comprehensive overview of the rapidly developing field of Confocal Raman Microscopy and its applications.

Nishida, Toyoaki, Nakazawa, Atsushi, Ohmoto, Yoshimasa, Mohammad, Yasser
A Data-Intensive Approach with Emphasis on Nonverbal Communication
Springer Japan
Seiten xvii, 344
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9784431561385
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This book covers an approach to conversational informatics which encompasses science and technology for understanding and augmenting conversation in the network age. A major challenge in engineering is to develop a technology for conveying not just messages but also underlying wisdom. Relevant theories and practices in cognitive linguistics and communication science, as well as techniques developed in computational linguistics and artificial intelligence, are discussed.

Nishida, Toyoaki, Nakazawa, Atsushi, Ohmoto, Yoshimasa, Mohammad, Yasser
A Data-Intensive Approach with Emphasis on Nonverbal Communication
Springer Japan
Seiten xvii, 344
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9784431550396
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This book covers an approach to conversational informatics which encompasses science and technology for understanding and augmenting conversation in the network age. A major challenge in engineering is to develop a technology for conveying not just messages but also underlying wisdom. Relevant theories and practices in cognitive linguistics and communication science, as well as techniques developed in computational linguistics and artificial intelligence, are discussed.

Goodman, James A., Purkis, Samuel J., Phinn, Stuart R.
A Guide for Mapping, Monitoring and Management
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxv, 436
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789401777360
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Remote sensing stands as the defining technology in our ability to monitor coral reefs, as well as their biophysical properties and associated processes, at regional to global scales. With overwhelming evidence that much of Earth’s reefs are in decline, our need for large-scale, repeatable assessments of reefs has never been so great. Fortunately, the last two decades have seen a rapid expansion in the ability for remote sensing to map and monitor the coral reef ecosystem, its overlying water column, and surrounding environment.

Remote sensing is now a fundamental tool for the mapping, monitoring and management of coral reef ecosystems. Remote sensing offers repeatable, quantitative assessments of habitat and environmental characteristics over spatially extensive areas. As the multi-disciplinary field of coral reef remote sensing continues to mature, results demonstrate that the techniques and capabilities continue to improve. New developments allow reef assessments and mapping to be performed with higher accuracy, across greater spatial areas, and with greater temporal frequency. The increased level of information that remote sensing now makes available also allows more complex scientific questions to be addressed.
     
As defined for this book, remote sensing includes the vast array of geospatial data collected from land, water, ship, airborne and satellite platforms. The book is organized by technology, including: visible and infrared sensing using photographic, multispectral and hyperspectral instruments; active sensing using light detection and ranging (LiDAR); acoustic sensing using ship, autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and in-water platforms; and thermal and radar instruments.

Emphasis and Audience
This book serves multiple roles. It offers an overview of the current state-of-the-art technologies for reef mapping, provides detailed technical information for coral reef remote sensing specialists, imparts insight on the scientific questions that can be tackled using this technology, and also includes a foundation for those new to reef remote sensing. The individual sections of the book include introductory overviews of four main types of remotely sensed data used to study coral reefs, followed by specific examples demonstrating practical applications of the different technologies being discussed. Guidelines for selecting the most appropriate sensor for particular applications are provided, including an overview of how to utilize remote sensing data as an effective tool in science and management. The text is richly illustrated with examples of each sensing technology applied to a range of scientific, monitoring and management questions in reefs around the world. As such, the book is broadly accessible to a general audience, as well as students, managers, remote sensing specialists and anyone else working with coral reef ecosystems.


Goodman, James A., Purkis, Samuel J., Phinn, Stuart R.
A Guide for Mapping, Monitoring and Management
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxv, 436
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789048192915
 (Hardcover)
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Remote sensing stands as the defining technology in our ability to monitor coral reefs, as well as their biophysical properties and associated processes, at regional to global scales. With overwhelming evidence that much of Earth’s reefs are in decline, our need for large-scale, repeatable assessments of reefs has never been so great. Fortunately, the last two decades have seen a rapid expansion in the ability for remote sensing to map and monitor the coral reef ecosystem, its overlying water column, and surrounding environment.

Remote sensing is now a fundamental tool for the mapping, monitoring and management of coral reef ecosystems. Remote sensing offers repeatable, quantitative assessments of habitat and environmental characteristics over spatially extensive areas. As the multi-disciplinary field of coral reef remote sensing continues to mature, results demonstrate that the techniques and capabilities continue to improve. New developments allow reef assessments and mapping to be performed with higher accuracy, across greater spatial areas, and with greater temporal frequency. The increased level of information that remote sensing now makes available also allows more complex scientific questions to be addressed.
     
As defined for this book, remote sensing includes the vast array of geospatial data collected from land, water, ship, airborne and satellite platforms. The book is organized by technology, including: visible and infrared sensing using photographic, multispectral and hyperspectral instruments; active sensing using light detection and ranging (LiDAR); acoustic sensing using ship, autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and in-water platforms; and thermal and radar instruments.

Emphasis and Audience
This book serves multiple roles. It offers an overview of the current state-of-the-art technologies for reef mapping, provides detailed technical information for coral reef remote sensing specialists, imparts insight on the scientific questions that can be tackled using this technology, and also includes a foundation for those new to reef remote sensing. The individual sections of the book include introductory overviews of four main types of remotely sensed data used to study coral reefs, followed by specific examples demonstrating practical applications of the different technologies being discussed. Guidelines for selecting the most appropriate sensor for particular applications are provided, including an overview of how to utilize remote sensing data as an effective tool in science and management. The text is richly illustrated with examples of each sensing technology applied to a range of scientific, monitoring and management questions in reefs around the world. As such, the book is broadly accessible to a general audience, as well as students, managers, remote sensing specialists and anyone else working with coral reef ecosystems.


Schaltegger, Stefan, Zvezdov, Dimitar, Alvarez Etxeberria, Igor, Csutora, Maria, Günther, Edeltraud
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 257
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319277165
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This volume is devoted to management accounting approaches for analyzing business benefits and costs of climate change. It discusses future directions on carbon accounting, performance measurement and reporting as well as links between climate accounting and business processes, product and service development, supply chain innovation, economic successes and stakeholder relations.
Companies are increasingly called on to contribute to combatting climate change and also face the challenges presented by climate-change related costs, risks and benefits. Risks can result from unpredictable weather conditions and government regulations, such as the EU emission trading system and new building codes. Climate change also offers numerous opportunities, such as energy efficiency innovations and carbon neutral products and production.
Good management requires that carbon emissions are tracked and climate-related costs, risks and benefits are identified, measured and assessed. As such, research addressing corporate accounting frameworks and tools is of increasing importance when it comes to managing these carbon and climate-related issues.


Lundgren, Magnus, Charpentier, Emmanuelle, Fineran, Peter C.
Methods and Protocols
Springer New York
Seiten xiv, 366
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9781493926862
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This volume presents a list of cutting-edge protocols for the study of CRISPR-Cas defense systems and their applications at the genomic, genetic, biochemical and structural levels. CRISPR: Methods and Protocols guides readers through techniques that have been developed specifically for the analysis of CRISPR-Cas and techniques adapted from standard protocols of DNA, RNA and protein biology. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Authoritative and cutting-edge, CRISPR: Methods and Protocols provides a broad list of tools and techniques to study the interdisciplinary aspects of the prokaryotic CRISPR-Cas defense systems.


Lundgren, Magnus, Charpentier, Emmanuelle, Fineran, Peter C.
Methods and Protocols
Springer New York
Seiten xiv, 366
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9781493954285
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This volume presents a list of cutting-edge protocols for the study of CRISPR-Cas defense systems and their applications at the genomic, genetic, biochemical and structural levels. CRISPR: Methods and Protocols guides readers through techniques that have been developed specifically for the analysis of CRISPR-Cas and techniques adapted from standard protocols of DNA, RNA and protein biology. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Authoritative and cutting-edge, CRISPR: Methods and Protocols provides a broad list of tools and techniques to study the interdisciplinary aspects of the prokaryotic CRISPR-Cas defense systems.


Evensen, Geir
The Ensemble Kalman Filter
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxiii, 307
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9783642424762
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This book reviews popular data-assimilation methods, such as weak and strong constraint variational methods, ensemble filters and smoothers. The author shows how different methods can be derived from a common theoretical basis, as well as how they differ or are related to each other, and which properties characterize them, using several examples. Readers will appreciate the included introductory material and detailed derivations in the text, and a supplemental web site.

Geir Evensen obtained his Ph.D. in applied mathematics at the University in Bergen in 1992. Thereafter he has worked as a Research Director at the Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center/Mohn-Sverdrup Center, as Prof. II at the Department of Mathematics at the University in Bergen, and as a Principal Engineer at the Hydro Research Center in Bergen. He is author or coauthor of more that 40 refereed publications related to modelling and data assimilation, and he has been the coordinator of international research projects on the development of data assimilation methodologies and systems.


Evensen, Geir
The Ensemble Kalman Filter
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxiii, 307
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9783642037108
 (Hardcover)
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This book reviews popular data-assimilation methods, such as weak and strong constraint variational methods, ensemble filters and smoothers. The author shows how different methods can be derived from a common theoretical basis, as well as how they differ or are related to each other, and which properties characterize them, using several examples. Readers will appreciate the included introductory material and detailed derivations in the text, and a supplemental web site.

Geir Evensen obtained his Ph.D. in applied mathematics at the University in Bergen in 1992. Thereafter he has worked as a Research Director at the Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center/Mohn-Sverdrup Center, as Prof. II at the Department of Mathematics at the University in Bergen, and as a Principal Engineer at the Hydro Research Center in Bergen. He is author or coauthor of more that 40 refereed publications related to modelling and data assimilation, and he has been the coordinator of international research projects on the development of data assimilation methodologies and systems.


Oishi, Meeko Mitsuko K., Mitchell, Ian M., Van der Loos, H. F. Machiel
Social, Technical, Ethical, and Economic Challenges
Springer New York
Seiten xx, 117
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9781489989802
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Design and Use of Assistive Technology assesses major hurdles in the design and use of assistive technologies, while also providing guidelines and recommendations to improve these technologies. This volume takes an interdisciplinary approach to solving the major issues surrounding designing and using assistive technologies for the physically impaired by blending engineering, computer science and medicine. The most difficult problems in assistive technologies, such as privacy concerns in data gathering and analysis, inherent heterogeneity of the user population, knowledge transfer of novel technologies and incorporation of the user perspective into the design process are all addressed. The book also: -Presents theories on assistive technology through the lens of fields ranging from engineering and computer science to occupational therapy and neurology -Discusses assistive technologies in a broad scope that presents designs and theories that are universally applicable Design and Use of Assistive Technology features contributions from experts in their subject areas who discuss specific methods and mechanisms to integrate the user’s experience into design and clinical evaluation in order to both create academic outreach through practical service models and improve knowledge transfer.

Oishi, Meeko Mitsuko K., Mitchell, Ian M., Van der Loos, H. F. Machiel
Social, Technical, Ethical, and Economic Challenges
Springer New York
Seiten xx, 117
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9781441970305
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Design and Use of Assistive Technology assesses major hurdles in the design and use of assistive technologies, while also providing guidelines and recommendations to improve these technologies. This volume takes an interdisciplinary approach to solving the major issues surrounding designing and using assistive technologies for the physically impaired by blending engineering, computer science and medicine. The most difficult problems in assistive technologies, such as privacy concerns in data gathering and analysis, inherent heterogeneity of the user population, knowledge transfer of novel technologies and incorporation of the user perspective into the design process are all addressed. The book also: -Presents theories on assistive technology through the lens of fields ranging from engineering and computer science to occupational therapy and neurology -Discusses assistive technologies in a broad scope that presents designs and theories that are universally applicable Design and Use of Assistive Technology features contributions from experts in their subject areas who discuss specific methods and mechanisms to integrate the user’s experience into design and clinical evaluation in order to both create academic outreach through practical service models and improve knowledge transfer.

Gieschke, Ronald, Serafin, Daniel
A Practical Guide
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xv, 399
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783662521106
 (Softcover)
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The development of innovative drugs is becoming more difficult while relying on empirical approaches. This inspired all major pharmaceutical companies to pursue alternative model-based paradigms. The key question is: How to find innovative compounds and, subsequently, appropriate dosage regimens?

Written from the industry perspective and based on many years of experience, this book offers:

- Concepts for creation of drug-disease models, introduced and supplemented with extensive MATLAB programs

- Guidance for exploration and modification of these programs to enhance the understanding of key principles

- Usage of differential equations to pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and (patho-) physiologic problems thereby acknowledging their dynamic nature

- A range of topics from single exponential decay to adaptive dosing, from single subject exploration to clinical trial simulation, and from empirical to mechanistic disease modeling.

Students with an undergraduate mathematical background or equivalent education, interest in life sciences and skills in a high-level programming language such as MATLAB, are encouraged to engage in model-based pharmaceutical research and development.


Gieschke, Ronald, Serafin, Daniel
A Practical Guide
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xv, 399
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783642397646
 (Hardcover)
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The development of innovative drugs is becoming more difficult while relying on empirical approaches. This inspired all major pharmaceutical companies to pursue alternative model-based paradigms. The key question is: How to find innovative compounds and, subsequently, appropriate dosage regimens?

Written from the industry perspective and based on many years of experience, this book offers:

- Concepts for creation of drug-disease models, introduced and supplemented with extensive MATLAB programs

- Guidance for exploration and modification of these programs to enhance the understanding of key principles

- Usage of differential equations to pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and (patho-) physiologic problems thereby acknowledging their dynamic nature

- A range of topics from single exponential decay to adaptive dosing, from single subject exploration to clinical trial simulation, and from empirical to mechanistic disease modeling.

Students with an undergraduate mathematical background or equivalent education, interest in life sciences and skills in a high-level programming language such as MATLAB, are encouraged to engage in model-based pharmaceutical research and development.


Ascierto, Paolo A., Stroncek, David F., Wang, Ena
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xv, 305
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319211664
 (Hardcover)
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This volume illustrates the salient aspects of cancer biology relevant to the successful implementation of immunotherapy. Topics include enhancement of antigen-specific immune responses by anti-cancer vaccines, modulation of the function of T cells within the tumor microenvironment, and the effects of genetic, epigenetic, developmental, and environmental determinants on T cell function. Other topics covered include the ex vivo expansion of T or other immune cells and their genetic modification or reprogramming to increase their ability to survive and expand when adoptively transferred back to the patients. Specific attention is devoted to the genetic manipulation of T cells through the introduction of re-directed T cell receptors, chimeric antibody receptors, and other genetic manipulation aimed at improving their effectiveness as anti-cancer agents. Furthermore, the revolutionary role of checkpoint inhibitors and their potential in combination with other immunotherapeutic approaches or with standard chemo and radiation therapy are extensively discussed.

Ena Wang, MD, is Director of Molecular Science, Infectious Diseases and Immunogenetics Section at the National Institutes of Health. The focus of her research is the identification of genetic traits in humans that could explain the relationship between pathogens and the host with particular interest in cancer and chronic infections During her career at NIH, Dr. Wang was twice granted the Investigator Travel Fellowship Award; received an NIH Bench-to-Bedside Award in 2002; received the Minority Award as a mentor and principle investigator in 2002; received the NCI Director’s 2006 Intramural Innovation Award as co-investigator in 2006; and received the Clinic Center Director’s Award for scientific excellence in 2007. Dr. Wang has authored 17 book chapters and published more than 130 peer reviewed articles. Her scientific papers have received more than 6,500 citations.

Paolo Antonio Ascierto, MD, is Vice Director of the Unit of Melanoma, Cancer Immunotherapy and Innovative Therapy at the National Institute Fondazione G. Pascale in Naples, Italy. Dr. Ascierto has published more than 117 scientific papers, which have received more than 2,100 citations.

David F. Stroncek, MD, is the Chief of the Cell Processing Section at the Department of Transfusion Medicine at the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Stroncek has published more than 264 scientific papers, which have received more than 5,300 citations.


Williams, John Michael
A Textbook from Silicon Valley Polytechnic Institute
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvi, 553
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319330983
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This book is structured as a step-by-step course of study along the lines of a VLSI integrated circuit design project. The entire Verilog language is presented, from the basics to everything necessary for synthesis of an entire 70,000 transistor, full-duplex serializer-deserializer, including synthesizable PLLs. The author includes everything an engineer needs for in-depth understanding of the Verilog language: Syntax, synthesis semantics, simulation and test. Complete solutions for the 27 labs are provided in the downloadable files that accompany the book. For readers with access to appropriate electronic design tools, all solutions can be developed, simulated, and synthesized as described in the book. A partial list of design topics includes design partitioning, hierarchy decomposition, safe coding styles, back annotation, wrapper modules, concurrency, race conditions, assertion-based verification, clock synchronization, and design for test. A concluding presentation of special topics includes System Verilog and Verilog-AMS.
After spending some years at sea in the U. S. Navy, John Michael Williams returned to school for degrees at Columbia University, the University of Chicago and Southern Illinois University, eventually studying human vision in postdoctoral study at the University of Michigan. He moved to California in 1982 and spent significant work time as an applications engineer at Daisy Systems and then at Compass Design Automation. After attending various physics-related classes at Stanford, he began teaching at Silicon Valley Technical Institute, where he wrote the first edition of `Digital VLSI Design with Verilog` and many other course workbooks which now are posted at Scribd. He moved to Oregon a few years ago, where he remains mostly retired.

Williams, John Michael
A Textbook from Silicon Valley Polytechnic Institute
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvi, 553
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319047881
 (Hardcover)
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This book is structured as a step-by-step course of study along the lines of a VLSI integrated circuit design project. The entire Verilog language is presented, from the basics to everything necessary for synthesis of an entire 70,000 transistor, full-duplex serializer-deserializer, including synthesizable PLLs. The author includes everything an engineer needs for in-depth understanding of the Verilog language: Syntax, synthesis semantics, simulation and test. Complete solutions for the 27 labs are provided in the downloadable files that accompany the book. For readers with access to appropriate electronic design tools, all solutions can be developed, simulated, and synthesized as described in the book. A partial list of design topics includes design partitioning, hierarchy decomposition, safe coding styles, back annotation, wrapper modules, concurrency, race conditions, assertion-based verification, clock synchronization, and design for test. A concluding presentation of special topics includes System Verilog and Verilog-AMS.
After spending some years at sea in the U. S. Navy, John Michael Williams returned to school for degrees at Columbia University, the University of Chicago and Southern Illinois University, eventually studying human vision in postdoctoral study at the University of Michigan. He moved to California in 1982 and spent significant work time as an applications engineer at Daisy Systems and then at Compass Design Automation. After attending various physics-related classes at Stanford, he began teaching at Silicon Valley Technical Institute, where he wrote the first edition of `Digital VLSI Design with Verilog` and many other course workbooks which now are posted at Scribd. He moved to Oregon a few years ago, where he remains mostly retired.

Lopez, Ida, Erickson, David L.
Methods and Protocols
Humana Press
Seiten xv, 470
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781617795909
 (Hardcover)
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A DNA barcode in its simplest definition is one or more short gene sequences taken from a standardized portion of the genome that is used to identify species through reference to DNA sequence libraries or databases. In DNA Barcodes: Methods and Protocols expert researchers in the field detail many of the methods which are now commonly used with DNA barcodes. These methods include the latest information on techniques for generating, applying, and analyzing DNA barcodes across the Tree of Life including animals, fungi, protists, algae, and plants. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology™  series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results in the laboratory.

 

Thorough and intuitive, DNA Barcodes: Methods and Protocols aids scientists in continuing to study methods from wet-lab protocols, statistical, and ecological analyses along with guides to future, large-scale collections campaigns.


Valla, Svein, Lale, Rahmi
Humana Press
Seiten xi, 303
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9781627037631
 (Hardcover)
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In DNA Cloning and Assembly Methods, expert researchers in the field detail many of the methods which are now commonly used for DNA cloning and make cloning procedures faster, more reliable and also suitable for high-throughput handling. These include methods and protocols that are based on several mechanisms including type II and IIS restriction enzymes, single stranded annealing, sequence overlap, and recombination.

With additional chapters on software programs that are suitable for primer design, a feature crucial for the functionality of the described methods. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Authoritative and practical, DNA Cloning and Assembly Methods seeks to provide scientist with a valuable and useful resource for wet lab researchers within life sciences.


Valla, Svein, Lale, Rahmi
Humana Press
Seiten xi, 303
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9781493960576
 (Softcover)
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In DNA Cloning and Assembly Methods, expert researchers in the field detail many of the methods which are now commonly used for DNA cloning and make cloning procedures faster, more reliable and also suitable for high-throughput handling. These include methods and protocols that are based on several mechanisms including type II and IIS restriction enzymes, single stranded annealing, sequence overlap, and recombination.

With additional chapters on software programs that are suitable for primer design, a feature crucial for the functionality of the described methods. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Authoritative and practical, DNA Cloning and Assembly Methods seeks to provide scientist with a valuable and useful resource for wet lab researchers within life sciences.


Roederer, Juan G., Zhang, Hui
Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xviii, 192
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783642415296
 (Hardcover)
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This book is a new edition of Roederer’s classic Dynamics of Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation, updated and considerably expanded. The main objective is to describe the dynamic properties of magnetically trapped particles in planetary radiation belts and plasmas and explain the physical processes involved from the theoretical point of view. The approach is to examine in detail the orbital and adiabatic motion of individual particles in typical configurations of magnetic and electric fields in the magnetosphere and, from there, derive basic features of the particles’ collective “macroscopic” behavior in general planetary environments. Emphasis is not on the “what” but on the “why” of particle phenomena in near-earth space, providing a solid and clear understanding of the principal basic physical mechanisms and dynamic processes involved. The book will also serve as an introduction to general space plasma physics, with abundant basic examples to illustrate and explain the physical origin of different types of plasma current systems and their self-organizing character via the magnetic field. The ultimate aim is to help both graduate students and interested scientists to successfully face the theoretical and experimental challenges lying ahead in space physics in view of recent and upcoming satellite missions and an expected wealth of data on radiation belts and plasmas.

CV Roederer
Professor of Physics Emeritus, Geophysical Institute and Department of Physics,
University of Alaska Fairbanks (since 1993).
Senior Adviser, The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (1997-2003).
Professor of Physics, Geophysical Institute and Department of Physics, University of Alaska Fairbanks (1977-1993).
Chairman, United States Arctic Research Commission (presidential commission, 1987- 1991).
Director, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1977-1986.
Dean, College of Environmental Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1979-1982.
Chairman, Advisory Committee, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Division of  Earth and Space Sciences, 1985-1988.
Vice Chairman, U.S. Arctic Research Commission, 1985-1987.
Visiting Staff Member, Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, 1987.
Visiting Staff Member, Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of California, 1968-1981.
Expert (consultant), Headquarters, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1974-1978.
Visiting Professor, Stanford University, 1974.
Professor and Senior Research Physicist, University of Denver, 1967-1977.
Professor of Physics, University of Buenos Aires, 1959-1966.
Director, National Cosmic Ray Center, National Council for Scientific and Technological Research, Buenos Aires, 1962-1966.

Roederer, Juan G., Zhang, Hui
Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xviii, 192
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783662509555
 (Softcover)
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Science Sale abgelaufen
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This book is a new edition of Roederer’s classic Dynamics of Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation, updated and considerably expanded. The main objective is to describe the dynamic properties of magnetically trapped particles in planetary radiation belts and plasmas and explain the physical processes involved from the theoretical point of view. The approach is to examine in detail the orbital and adiabatic motion of individual particles in typical configurations of magnetic and electric fields in the magnetosphere and, from there, derive basic features of the particles’ collective “macroscopic” behavior in general planetary environments. Emphasis is not on the “what” but on the “why” of particle phenomena in near-earth space, providing a solid and clear understanding of the principal basic physical mechanisms and dynamic processes involved. The book will also serve as an introduction to general space plasma physics, with abundant basic examples to illustrate and explain the physical origin of different types of plasma current systems and their self-organizing character via the magnetic field. The ultimate aim is to help both graduate students and interested scientists to successfully face the theoretical and experimental challenges lying ahead in space physics in view of recent and upcoming satellite missions and an expected wealth of data on radiation belts and plasmas.

CV Roederer
Professor of Physics Emeritus, Geophysical Institute and Department of Physics,
University of Alaska Fairbanks (since 1993).
Senior Adviser, The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (1997-2003).
Professor of Physics, Geophysical Institute and Department of Physics, University of Alaska Fairbanks (1977-1993).
Chairman, United States Arctic Research Commission (presidential commission, 1987- 1991).
Director, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1977-1986.
Dean, College of Environmental Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1979-1982.
Chairman, Advisory Committee, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Division of  Earth and Space Sciences, 1985-1988.
Vice Chairman, U.S. Arctic Research Commission, 1985-1987.
Visiting Staff Member, Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, 1987.
Visiting Staff Member, Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of California, 1968-1981.
Expert (consultant), Headquarters, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1974-1978.
Visiting Professor, Stanford University, 1974.
Professor and Senior Research Physicist, University of Denver, 1967-1977.
Professor of Physics, University of Buenos Aires, 1959-1966.
Director, National Cosmic Ray Center, National Council for Scientific and Technological Research, Buenos Aires, 1962-1966.

Briot, Sébastien, Khalil, Wisama
From Rigid Bodies to Flexible Elements
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvii, 350
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319197876
 (Hardcover)
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This book starts with a short recapitulation on basic concepts, common to any types of robots (serial, tree structure, parallel, etc.), that are also necessary for computation of the dynamic models of parallel robots. Then, as dynamics requires the use of geometry and kinematics, the general equations of geometric and kinematic models of parallel robots are given. After, it is explained that parallel robot dynamic models can be obtained by decomposing the real robot into two virtual systems: a tree-structure robot (equivalent to the robot legs for which all joints would be actuated) plus a free body corresponding to the platform. Thus, the dynamics of rigid tree-structure robots is analyzed and algorithms to obtain their dynamic models in the most compact form are given. The dynamic model of the real rigid parallel robot is obtained by closing the loops through the use of the Lagrange multipliers. The problem of the dynamic model degeneracy near singularities is treated and optimal trajectory planning for crossing singularities is proposed. Lastly, the approach is extended to flexible parallel robots and the algorithms for computing their symbolic model in the most compact form are given. All theoretical developments are validated through experiments.


Briot, Sébastien, Khalil, Wisama
From Rigid Bodies to Flexible Elements
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvii, 350
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319356600
 (Softcover)
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This book starts with a short recapitulation on basic concepts, common to any types of robots (serial, tree structure, parallel, etc.), that are also necessary for computation of the dynamic models of parallel robots. Then, as dynamics requires the use of geometry and kinematics, the general equations of geometric and kinematic models of parallel robots are given. After, it is explained that parallel robot dynamic models can be obtained by decomposing the real robot into two virtual systems: a tree-structure robot (equivalent to the robot legs for which all joints would be actuated) plus a free body corresponding to the platform. Thus, the dynamics of rigid tree-structure robots is analyzed and algorithms to obtain their dynamic models in the most compact form are given. The dynamic model of the real rigid parallel robot is obtained by closing the loops through the use of the Lagrange multipliers. The problem of the dynamic model degeneracy near singularities is treated and optimal trajectory planning for crossing singularities is proposed. Lastly, the approach is extended to flexible parallel robots and the algorithms for computing their symbolic model in the most compact form are given. All theoretical developments are validated through experiments.


Gacek, Adam, Pedrycz, Witold
A Comprehensive Framework of Computational Intelligence
Springer London
Seiten x, 278
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781447159209
 (Softcover)
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The book shows how the various paradigms of computational intelligence, employed either singly or in combination, can produce an effective structure for obtaining often vital information from ECG signals. The text is self-contained, addressing concepts, methodology, algorithms, and case studies and applications, providing the reader with the necessary background augmented with step-by-step explanation of the more advanced concepts. It is structured in three parts: Part I covers the fundamental ideas of computational intelligence together with the relevant principles of data acquisition, morphology and use in diagnosis; Part II deals with techniques and models of computational intelligence that are suitable for signal processing; and Part III details ECG system-diagnostic interpretation and knowledge acquisition architectures. Illustrative material includes: brief numerical experiments; detailed schemes, exercises and more advanced problems.
PhD and DSci degrees. Doctor Gacek’s  research interests are in biomedical instrumentation and signal processing, especially a detection and analysis of ECG signals, based on fuzzy set theory and information granulation methods. He has been involved in research based on application of Computational Intelligence in biomedical signal processing. Doctor Gacek has published numerous papers concerning biomedical instrumentation and signal processing.

He is a member of the Institute of Electrical Electronics and Engineering (IEEE) and the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). He is also a member of the Polish Society of Biomedical Engineering, the Committee of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering of Polish Academy of Science and the Polish Society of Theoretical and Applied Electrotechnics.

Witold Pedrycz is a Professor and Canada Research Chair (CRC) in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. He is also with the Systems Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Professor Pedrycz is a Foreign Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

He is actively pursuing research in Computational Intelligence, fuzzy modeling, knowledge discovery and data mining, fuzzy control including fuzzy controllers, pattern recognition, knowledge-based neural networks, relational computation, bioinformatics, and Software Engineering. He has published numerous papers in this area. He is also an author of 14 research monographs covering various aspects of Computational Intelligence and Software Engineering.

Witold Pedrycz has been a member of numerous program committees of conferences in the area of fuzzy sets and neurocomputing. He currently serves as Editor in Chief of IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A and Information Sciences. He is also an Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. Doctor Pedrycz is an Editor-in-Chief of Information Sciences. He is a Past President of IFSA and Past  President of NAFIPS.


Gacek, Adam, Pedrycz, Witold
A Comprehensive Framework of Computational Intelligence
Springer London
Seiten x, 278
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9780857298676
 (Hardcover)
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The book shows how the various paradigms of computational intelligence, employed either singly or in combination, can produce an effective structure for obtaining often vital information from ECG signals. The text is self-contained, addressing concepts, methodology, algorithms, and case studies and applications, providing the reader with the necessary background augmented with step-by-step explanation of the more advanced concepts. It is structured in three parts: Part I covers the fundamental ideas of computational intelligence together with the relevant principles of data acquisition, morphology and use in diagnosis; Part II deals with techniques and models of computational intelligence that are suitable for signal processing; and Part III details ECG system-diagnostic interpretation and knowledge acquisition architectures. Illustrative material includes: brief numerical experiments; detailed schemes, exercises and more advanced problems.
PhD and DSci degrees. Doctor Gacek’s  research interests are in biomedical instrumentation and signal processing, especially a detection and analysis of ECG signals, based on fuzzy set theory and information granulation methods. He has been involved in research based on application of Computational Intelligence in biomedical signal processing. Doctor Gacek has published numerous papers concerning biomedical instrumentation and signal processing.

He is a member of the Institute of Electrical Electronics and Engineering (IEEE) and the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). He is also a member of the Polish Society of Biomedical Engineering, the Committee of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering of Polish Academy of Science and the Polish Society of Theoretical and Applied Electrotechnics.

Witold Pedrycz is a Professor and Canada Research Chair (CRC) in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. He is also with the Systems Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Professor Pedrycz is a Foreign Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

He is actively pursuing research in Computational Intelligence, fuzzy modeling, knowledge discovery and data mining, fuzzy control including fuzzy controllers, pattern recognition, knowledge-based neural networks, relational computation, bioinformatics, and Software Engineering. He has published numerous papers in this area. He is also an author of 14 research monographs covering various aspects of Computational Intelligence and Software Engineering.

Witold Pedrycz has been a member of numerous program committees of conferences in the area of fuzzy sets and neurocomputing. He currently serves as Editor in Chief of IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A and Information Sciences. He is also an Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. Doctor Pedrycz is an Editor-in-Chief of Information Sciences. He is a Past President of IFSA and Past  President of NAFIPS.


Farina, Almo
Linking Natural and Social Systems
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xi, 161
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9789400730816
 (Softcover)
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It is more and more evident that our living system is completely disturbed by human intrusion. Such intrusion affects the functioning of entire systems in ways we do not yet fully understand. We use paradigms such as the disturbance to cover large and deep gaps in our scienti?c knowledge. Human ecology is an uncertain terrain for anthropologists, geographers, and ecologists and rarely is expanded to include the social and economic realms. The integration of different disciplines and the application of their many paradigms to problems of environmental complexity remains a distant goal despite the many efforts that have been made to achieve it. Philosophical and semantic barriers are erected when such integration is pursued by pioneering scientists. Recently, evolutionary ecology has shown great interest in the spatial processes well described by the emerging discipline of landscape ecology. But this interest takes the form of pure curiosity or at worst, of skepticism toward the real capacity of landscape ecology to contribute to the advancement of ecological science. The past two centuries have been characterized by huge changes occurring in the entire ecosphere. Global changes are the effects of human intervention at a planetary scale, with consequent degradation of the environment creating an e- logical debt for future generations. On the other side of the issue, new technologies have improved the welfare of billions of people and have given hope to many other billions that they may also see such improvement in the near future.

Farina, Almo
Linking Natural and Social Systems
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xi, 161
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9789048131372
 (Hardcover)
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It is more and more evident that our living system is completely disturbed by human intrusion. Such intrusion affects the functioning of entire systems in ways we do not yet fully understand. We use paradigms such as the disturbance to cover large and deep gaps in our scienti?c knowledge. Human ecology is an uncertain terrain for anthropologists, geographers, and ecologists and rarely is expanded to include the social and economic realms. The integration of different disciplines and the application of their many paradigms to problems of environmental complexity remains a distant goal despite the many efforts that have been made to achieve it. Philosophical and semantic barriers are erected when such integration is pursued by pioneering scientists. Recently, evolutionary ecology has shown great interest in the spatial processes well described by the emerging discipline of landscape ecology. But this interest takes the form of pure curiosity or at worst, of skepticism toward the real capacity of landscape ecology to contribute to the advancement of ecological science. The past two centuries have been characterized by huge changes occurring in the entire ecosphere. Global changes are the effects of human intervention at a planetary scale, with consequent degradation of the environment creating an e- logical debt for future generations. On the other side of the issue, new technologies have improved the welfare of billions of people and have given hope to many other billions that they may also see such improvement in the near future.

Bailey, Robert G.
From Ecoregions to Sites
Springer New York
Seiten xiii, 251
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387895154
 (Hardcover)
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This book outlines a system that subdivides the Earth into a hierarchy of increasingly finer-scale ecosystems that can serve as a consistent framework for ecological analysis and management. The system consists of a three-part, nested hierarchy of ecosystem units and associated mapping criteria. This new edition has been updated throughout with new text, figures, diagrams, photographs, and tables.


Bailey, Robert G.
From Ecoregions to Sites
Springer New York
Seiten xiii, 251
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781441903914
 (Softcover)
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This book outlines a system that subdivides the Earth into a hierarchy of increasingly finer-scale ecosystems that can serve as a consistent framework for ecological analysis and management. The system consists of a three-part, nested hierarchy of ecosystem units and associated mapping criteria. This new edition has been updated throughout with new text, figures, diagrams, photographs, and tables.


Barber, J. R.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xix, 534
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9789048138081
 (Hardcover)
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The subject of Elasticity can be approached from several points of view, - pending on whether the practitioner is principally interested in the mat- matical structure of the subject or in its use in engineering applications and, in the latter case, whether essentially numerical or analytical methods are envisaged as the solution method. My ?rst introduction to the subject was in response to a need for information about a speci?c problem in Tribology. As a practising Engineer with a background only in elementary Mechanics of - terials, I approached that problem initially using the concepts of concentrated forces and superposition. Today, with a rather more extensive knowledge of analytical techniques in Elasticity, I still ?nd it helpful to go back to these roots in the elementary theory and think through a problem physically as well as mathematically, whenever some new and unexpected feature presents di?culties in research. This way of thinking will be found to permeate this book. My engineering background will also reveal itself in a tendency to work examples through to ?nal expressions for stresses and displacements, rather than leave the derivation at a point where the remaining manipulations would be mathematically routine. The ?rst edition of this book, published in 1992, was based on a one semester graduate course on Linear Elasticity that I have taught at the U- versity of Michigan since 1983.

Barber, J. R.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xix, 534
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9789400731011
 (Softcover)
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Science Sale abgelaufen
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The subject of Elasticity can be approached from several points of view, - pending on whether the practitioner is principally interested in the mat- matical structure of the subject or in its use in engineering applications and, in the latter case, whether essentially numerical or analytical methods are envisaged as the solution method. My ?rst introduction to the subject was in response to a need for information about a speci?c problem in Tribology. As a practising Engineer with a background only in elementary Mechanics of - terials, I approached that problem initially using the concepts of concentrated forces and superposition. Today, with a rather more extensive knowledge of analytical techniques in Elasticity, I still ?nd it helpful to go back to these roots in the elementary theory and think through a problem physically as well as mathematically, whenever some new and unexpected feature presents di?culties in research. This way of thinking will be found to permeate this book. My engineering background will also reveal itself in a tendency to work examples through to ?nal expressions for stresses and displacements, rather than leave the derivation at a point where the remaining manipulations would be mathematically routine. The ?rst edition of this book, published in 1992, was based on a one semester graduate course on Linear Elasticity that I have taught at the U- versity of Michigan since 1983.

Torriero, Angel A. J.
Volume 1: Fundamentals
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvii, 351
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319349992
 (Softcover)
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This set of two books dedicated to presenting the latest novel and advanced research from around the world in this exciting area. These books highlight the important properties of electrochemistry in ionic liquids – as opposed to the more commonly used aqueous and organic environments – and the many applications. Readers will find 20 chapters gathered in two books: The first volume critically discusses electrode-electrolyte interfacial processes, reference electrodes, ultramicroelectrode voltammetry and scanning electrochemical microscopy, semi-integral and convolution voltammetry, and small-angle X-ray scattering coupled with voltammetry. The structure and properties of protic ionic liquids, deep-eutectic solvents, task-specific ionic liquids, polymeric ion gels, and lithium-ion solvation, useful for electrochemical application is also critically discussed The second volumes major topics covered in this book include electrodeposition and electroless deposition, voltammetry of adhered microparticles, electrochemistry of organic and organometallic compounds, electrocatalytic reactions, oxygen reduction reaction, ionic liquids in surface protection and lubrication, current industrial application of ionic liquids, and challenges, issues and recycling methods of ionic liquids in industrial developments.

Dr. Angel A. J. Torriero is a Lecturer of Chemistry and Electrochemistry at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. He has published more than 50-refereed papers (h-index = 18; Scopus, November 2014), six book chapters, several patents, and one book, Electrochemical Properties and Applications of Ionic Liquids in 2011. Dr. Torriero has a broad interest in both fundamental and applied electrochemistry and has made significant contributions in a number of fields, including analytical electrochemistry, biosensor, bioelectrochemistry, organic and organometallic electrochemistry, and most recently internal reference systems for ionic liquids.


Torriero, Angel A. J.
Volume 2: Applications
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvii, 275
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319368375
 (Softcover)
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This is a set of two books dedicated to presenting the latest novel and advanced research from around the world in this exciting area. These books highlight the important properties of electrochemistry in ionic liquids – as opposed to the more commonly used aqueous and organic environments – and the many applications. Readers will find 20 chapters gathered in two books : Electrochemistry in Ionic Liquids – Volume 1, Fundamentals: This book critically discusses electrode-electrolyte interfacial processes, reference electrodes, ultramicroelectrode voltammetry and scanning electrochemical microscopy, semi-integral and convolution voltammetry, and small-angle X-ray scattering coupled with voltammetry. The structure and properties of protic ionic liquids, deep-eutectic solvents, task-specific ionic liquids, polymeric ion gels, and lithium-ion solvation, useful for electrochemical application is also critically discussed. Electrochemistry in Ionic Liquids – Volume 2, Applications: The major topics covered in this book include electrodeposition and electroless deposition, voltammetry of adhered microparticles, electrochemistry of organic and organometallic compounds, electrocatalytic reactions, oxygen reduction reaction, ionic liquids in surface protection and lubrication, current industrial application of ionic liquids, and challenges, issues and recycling methods of ionic liquids in industrial developments.

Dr. Angel A. J. Torriero is a Lecturer of Chemistry and Electrochemistry at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. He has published more than 50-refereed papers (h-index = 18; Scopus, November 2014), six book chapters, several patents, and one book, Electrochemical Properties and Applications of Ionic Liquids in 2011. Dr. Torriero has a broad interest in both fundamental and applied electrochemistry and has made significant contributions in a number of fields, including analytical electrochemistry, biosensor, bioelectrochemistry, organic and organometallic electrochemistry, and most recently internal reference systems for ionic liquids.


Torriero, Angel A. J.
Volume 1: Fundamentals
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvii, 351
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319134840
 (Hardcover)
Lieferstatus  
Science Sale abgelaufen
69.54
(inkl. 7% Mwst)
This set of two books dedicated to presenting the latest novel and advanced research from around the world in this exciting area. These books highlight the important properties of electrochemistry in ionic liquids – as opposed to the more commonly used aqueous and organic environments – and the many applications. Readers will find 20 chapters gathered in two books: The first volume critically discusses electrode-electrolyte interfacial processes, reference electrodes, ultramicroelectrode voltammetry and scanning electrochemical microscopy, semi-integral and convolution voltammetry, and small-angle X-ray scattering coupled with voltammetry. The structure and properties of protic ionic liquids, deep-eutectic solvents, task-specific ionic liquids, polymeric ion gels, and lithium-ion solvation, useful for electrochemical application is also critically discussed The second volumes major topics covered in this book include electrodeposition and electroless deposition, voltammetry of adhered microparticles, electrochemistry of organic and organometallic compounds, electrocatalytic reactions, oxygen reduction reaction, ionic liquids in surface protection and lubrication, current industrial application of ionic liquids, and challenges, issues and recycling methods of ionic liquids in industrial developments.

Dr. Angel A. J. Torriero is a Lecturer of Chemistry and Electrochemistry at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. He has published more than 50-refereed papers (h-index = 18; Scopus, November 2014), six book chapters, several patents, and one book, Electrochemical Properties and Applications of Ionic Liquids in 2011. Dr. Torriero has a broad interest in both fundamental and applied electrochemistry and has made significant contributions in a number of fields, including analytical electrochemistry, biosensor, bioelectrochemistry, organic and organometallic electrochemistry, and most recently internal reference systems for ionic liquids.


Torriero, Angel A. J.
Volume 2: Applications
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xvii, 275
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319151311
 (Hardcover)
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This is a set of two books dedicated to presenting the latest novel and advanced research from around the world in this exciting area. These books highlight the important properties of electrochemistry in ionic liquids – as opposed to the more commonly used aqueous and organic environments – and the many applications. Readers will find 20 chapters gathered in two books : Electrochemistry in Ionic Liquids – Volume 1, Fundamentals: This book critically discusses electrode-electrolyte interfacial processes, reference electrodes, ultramicroelectrode voltammetry and scanning electrochemical microscopy, semi-integral and convolution voltammetry, and small-angle X-ray scattering coupled with voltammetry. The structure and properties of protic ionic liquids, deep-eutectic solvents, task-specific ionic liquids, polymeric ion gels, and lithium-ion solvation, useful for electrochemical application is also critically discussed. Electrochemistry in Ionic Liquids – Volume 2, Applications: The major topics covered in this book include electrodeposition and electroless deposition, voltammetry of adhered microparticles, electrochemistry of organic and organometallic compounds, electrocatalytic reactions, oxygen reduction reaction, ionic liquids in surface protection and lubrication, current industrial application of ionic liquids, and challenges, issues and recycling methods of ionic liquids in industrial developments.

Dr. Angel A. J. Torriero is a Lecturer of Chemistry and Electrochemistry at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. He has published more than 50-refereed papers (h-index = 18; Scopus, November 2014), six book chapters, several patents, and one book, Electrochemical Properties and Applications of Ionic Liquids in 2011. Dr. Torriero has a broad interest in both fundamental and applied electrochemistry and has made significant contributions in a number of fields, including analytical electrochemistry, biosensor, bioelectrochemistry, organic and organometallic electrochemistry, and most recently internal reference systems for ionic liquids.


Schwartz, Adam J., Kumar, Mukul, Adams, Brent L., Field, David P.
Springer US
Seiten xxii, 403
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387881355
 (Hardcover)
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Electron backscatter diffraction is a very powerful and relatively new materials characterization technique aimed at the determination of crystallographic texture, grain boundary character distributions, lattice strain, phase identification, and much more. The purpose of this book is to provide the fundamental basis for electron backscatter diffraction in materials science, the current state of both hardware and software, and illustrative examples of the applications of electron backscatter diffraction to a wide-range of materials including undeformed and deformed metals and alloys, ceramics, and superconductors.

The text has been substantially revised from the first edition, and the authors have kept the format as close as possible to the first edition text. The new developments covered in this book include a more comphrensive coverage of the fundamentals not covered in the first edition or other books in the field, the advances in hardware and software since the first edition was published, and current examples of application of electron backscatter diffraction to solve challenging problems in materials science and condensed-matter physics.

Adam J. Schwartz is the Deputy Division Leader for Condensed Matter and High Pressure Physics in the Physics and Advanced Technologies Directorate. Dr. Schwartz joined LLNL as a post-doctoral research associate to investigate the systematics of displacive phase transformations after receiving his PhD from the University of Pittsburgh in 1991. His areas of interests focus on structure-propoerty-processing relations, aging and phase transformations in actinides; influence of microstructure and impurities on high-strain rate deformation behavior, texture and texture gradients in materials, intercrystalline defects and the role of grain boundary character distribution in materials, conventional and high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and electron backscatter diffraction. Dr. Schwartz has authored over 50 publications and has one patent.

Mukul Kumar joined as a staff scientist in the Materials Science and Technology Division in 1998 after completing a stint as a post-doctoral fellow at Johns Hopkins University. Prior to that, he received his PhD from the University of Cincinnati, where he was an Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Engineering Fellow and also received the ASM International Arthur Focke Award for his dissertation work. His areas of interest include the relationship between properties and microstructures, particularly as related to extreme environments encountered in turbine jet engine and nuclear reactor environments and high strain rate and pressure conditions; defect analysis using conventional transmission electron microscopy; and electron backscatter diffraction. Kumar has authored over 70 publications and has two patents.


Schwartz, Adam J., Kumar, Mukul, Adams, Brent L., Field, David P.
Springer US
Seiten xxii, 403
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781489993342
 (Softcover)
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Electron backscatter diffraction is a very powerful and relatively new materials characterization technique aimed at the determination of crystallographic texture, grain boundary character distributions, lattice strain, phase identification, and much more. The purpose of this book is to provide the fundamental basis for electron backscatter diffraction in materials science, the current state of both hardware and software, and illustrative examples of the applications of electron backscatter diffraction to a wide-range of materials including undeformed and deformed metals and alloys, ceramics, and superconductors.

The text has been substantially revised from the first edition, and the authors have kept the format as close as possible to the first edition text. The new developments covered in this book include a more comphrensive coverage of the fundamentals not covered in the first edition or other books in the field, the advances in hardware and software since the first edition was published, and current examples of application of electron backscatter diffraction to solve challenging problems in materials science and condensed-matter physics.

Adam J. Schwartz is the Deputy Division Leader for Condensed Matter and High Pressure Physics in the Physics and Advanced Technologies Directorate. Dr. Schwartz joined LLNL as a post-doctoral research associate to investigate the systematics of displacive phase transformations after receiving his PhD from the University of Pittsburgh in 1991. His areas of interests focus on structure-propoerty-processing relations, aging and phase transformations in actinides; influence of microstructure and impurities on high-strain rate deformation behavior, texture and texture gradients in materials, intercrystalline defects and the role of grain boundary character distribution in materials, conventional and high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and electron backscatter diffraction. Dr. Schwartz has authored over 50 publications and has one patent.

Mukul Kumar joined as a staff scientist in the Materials Science and Technology Division in 1998 after completing a stint as a post-doctoral fellow at Johns Hopkins University. Prior to that, he received his PhD from the University of Cincinnati, where he was an Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Engineering Fellow and also received the ASM International Arthur Focke Award for his dissertation work. His areas of interest include the relationship between properties and microstructures, particularly as related to extreme environments encountered in turbine jet engine and nuclear reactor environments and high strain rate and pressure conditions; defect analysis using conventional transmission electron microscopy; and electron backscatter diffraction. Kumar has authored over 70 publications and has two patents.


Krivoshapko, S.N., Ivanov, V.N.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxix, 752
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319356570
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This encyclopedia presents an all-embracing collection of analytical surface classes. It provides concise definitions and description for more than 500 surfaces and categorizes them in 38 classes of analytical surfaces. All classes are cross references to the original literature in an excellent bibliography.
The encyclopedia is of particular interest to structural and civil engineers and serves as valuable reference for mathematicians.

Vyacheslav Ivanov and Sergey Krivoshapko are both Doctor of Technical Sciences, and Professor at Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow.


Krivoshapko, S.N., Ivanov, V.N.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxix, 752
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319117720
 (Hardcover)
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This encyclopedia presents an all-embracing collection of analytical surface classes. It provides concise definitions and description for more than 500 surfaces and categorizes them in 38 classes of analytical surfaces. All classes are cross references to the original literature in an excellent bibliography.
The encyclopedia is of particular interest to structural and civil engineers and serves as valuable reference for mathematicians.

Vyacheslav Ivanov and Sergey Krivoshapko are both Doctor of Technical Sciences, and Professor at Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow.


Priya, Shashank, Inman, Daniel J.
Springer US
Seiten xx, 524
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387764634
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Energy Harvesting Technologies provides a cohesive overview of the fundamentals and current developments in the field of energy harvesting. In a well-organized structure, this volume discusses basic principles for the design and fabrication of bulk and MEMS based vibration energy systems, theory and design rules required for fabrication of efficient electronics, in addition to recent findings in thermoelectric energy harvesting systems.

Combining leading research from both academia and industry onto a single platform, Energy Harvesting Technologies serves as an important reference for researchers and engineers involved with power sources, sensor networks and smart materials.


Priya, Shashank, Inman, Daniel J.
Springer US
Seiten xx, 524
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781441945525
 (Softcover)
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Energy Harvesting Technologies provides a cohesive overview of the fundamentals and current developments in the field of energy harvesting. In a well-organized structure, this volume discusses basic principles for the design and fabrication of bulk and MEMS based vibration energy systems, theory and design rules required for fabrication of efficient electronics, in addition to recent findings in thermoelectric energy harvesting systems.

Combining leading research from both academia and industry onto a single platform, Energy Harvesting Technologies serves as an important reference for researchers and engineers involved with power sources, sensor networks and smart materials.


Qudrat-Ullah, Hassan
Springer New York
Seiten xiii, 273
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9781461486053
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The roles and applications of various modeling approaches, aimed at improving the usefulness of energy policy models in public decision making, are covered by this book. The development, validation, and applications of system dynamics and agent-based models in service of energy policy design and assessment in the 21st century is a key focus. A number of modeling approaches and models for energy policy, with a particular focus on low-carbon economic development of regions and states are covered. Chapters on system dynamics methodology, model-based theory, fuzzy system dynamics frame-work, and optimization modeling approach are presented, along with several chapters on future research opportunities for the energy policy modeling community.

The use of model-based analysis and scenarios in energy policy design and assessment has seen phenomenal growth during the past several decades. In recent years, renewed concerns about climate change and energy security have posed unique modeling challenges. By utilizing the validation techniques and procedures which are effectively demonstrated in these contributions, researchers and practitioners in energy systems domain can increase the appeal and acceptance of their policy models.


Qudrat-Ullah, Hassan
Springer New York
Seiten xiii, 273
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9781493946501
 (Softcover)
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The roles and applications of various modeling approaches, aimed at improving the usefulness of energy policy models in public decision making, are covered by this book. The development, validation, and applications of system dynamics and agent-based models in service of energy policy design and assessment in the 21st century is a key focus. A number of modeling approaches and models for energy policy, with a particular focus on low-carbon economic development of regions and states are covered. Chapters on system dynamics methodology, model-based theory, fuzzy system dynamics frame-work, and optimization modeling approach are presented, along with several chapters on future research opportunities for the energy policy modeling community.

The use of model-based analysis and scenarios in energy policy design and assessment has seen phenomenal growth during the past several decades. In recent years, renewed concerns about climate change and energy security have posed unique modeling challenges. By utilizing the validation techniques and procedures which are effectively demonstrated in these contributions, researchers and practitioners in energy systems domain can increase the appeal and acceptance of their policy models.


Neto, Maria Augusta, Amaro, Ana, Roseiro, Luis, Cirne, José, Leal, Rogério
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xiii, 314
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319177090
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This book presents theories and the main useful techniques of the Finite Element Method (FEM), with an introduction to FEM and many case studies of its use in engineering practice. It supports engineers and students to solve primarily linear problems in mechanical engineering, with a main focus on static and dynamic structural problems.

Readers of this text are encouraged to discover the proper relationship between theory and practice, within the finite element method: Practice without theory is blind, but theory without practice is sterile.

Beginning with elasticity basic concepts and the classical theories of stressed materials, the work goes on to apply the relationship between forces, displacements, stresses and strains on the process of modeling, simulating and designing engineered technical systems. Chapters discuss the finite element equations for static, eigenvalue analysis, as well as transient analyses.

Students and practitioners using commercial FEM software will find this book very helpful. It uses straightforward examples to demonstrate a complete and detailed finite element procedure, emphasizing the differences between exact and numerical procedures.


Bertassoni, Luiz E., Coelho, Paulo G.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten x, 276
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319223445
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This book offers a comprehensive overview of current challenges and strategies to regenerate load-bearing and calcified human tissues, including bone, cartilage,tendon, ligaments and dental structures (dentin, enamel, cementum and periodontal ligament). Tissue engineering has long held great promises as an improved treatment option for conditions affecting mineralized and load-bearing structures in the body. Although significant progress has been achieved in recent years, a number of challenges still exist.

Scaffold vascularization, new biofabrication methods (3D printing, lithography, microfabrication), peptide conjugation methods, interface engineering, scaffold mechanical properties, iPS cells, organs-on-a-chip, are some of the topics discussed in this book. More specially, in the first section readers will find an overview of emerging biofabrication methods. In section 2, applied strategies for regeneration of (2.1) bone, cartilage and ligament, as well as (2.2) dentin, cementum, enamel and periodontal ligament are discussed across 14 chapters.

While other volumes have addressed the regeneration of individual tissues, or exclusively focused on different regenerative strategies, the focus of this work is to bring together researchers integrating backgrounds in materials sciences, engineering, biology, mechanics, fluidics, etc, to address specific challenges common to regeneration of several load-bearing and calcified tissues. Therefore, this book provides a unique platform to stimulate progress in the regeneration of functional tissue substitutes.

We envision that this book will represent a valuable reference source for university and college faculties, post?doctoral research fellows, senior graduate students, and researchers from R&D laboratories in their endeavors to fabricate biomimetic load bearing tissues.


De Falco, Marcello, Basile, Angelo
The First Step Towards the Hydrogen Economy
Springer International Publishing
Seiten viii, 257
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783319221915
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This book brings together recent research from across the world on enriched methane, and examines the production, distribution and use of this resource in internal combustion engines and gas turbines. It aims to provide readers with an extensive account of potential technological breakthroughs which have the capacity to revolutionize energy systems. Enriched methane, a gas mixture composed by methane and hydrogen (10-30%vol), constitutes the first realistic step towards the application of hydrogen as an energy vector. It provides strong benefits in terms of emissions reduction, that is -11% of CO2, eq emission with the combustion of a 30%vol H2 mixture, if hydrogen is produced from renewable energy sources. Enriched methane offers the following advantages:
• it can be produced at competitive costs; 
• it can be distributed by means of the medium pressure natural gas grid;
• it can be stored in traditional natural gas storage systems; 
• it can feed natural gas internal combustion engine, improving conversion efficiency. 
This book is intended for academics in chemical engineering and energy production, distribution and storage. It is also intended for energy producers, engineering companies and R&D organizations.

Marcello De Falco is an Assistant Professor of “Dynamic and Control of Industrial Processes” at the Faculty of Engineering of “Campus Bio-Medico” of Rome and a researcher expert in reactor modelling. He has 60 publications about on reactor simulations, chemical processes development and technologies assessment.

Angelo Basile is a Senior Researcher at the Institute on Membrane Technology of the Italian National Research Council (ITM-CNR). Basile is responsible for the research related to the ultra-pure H2 production and CO2 capture using Pd-based Membrane Reactors. In this research area, he published more than: a) 110 papers as first name and/or corresponding author; b) 30 invited speaker or plenary lectures, and c) 220 papers in proc. of Int. Conferences; lecturer in various Summer Schools on Membrane Reactors organized by the European Membrane Society; editor of 15 books and more than 50 chapters; 8 patents (of which: 1 at European level and 1 at worldwide level).


Holzbecher, Ekkehard
Using MATLAB
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xix, 410
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783662500538
 (Softcover)
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The book has two aims: to introduce basic concepts of environmental modelling and to facilitate the application of the concepts using modern numerical tools such as MATLAB. It is targeted at all natural scientists dealing with the environment: process and chemical engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biochemists, hydrogeologists, geochemists and ecologists. MATLAB was chosen as the major computer tool for modeling, firstly because it is unique in it`s capabilities, and secondly because it is available in most academic institutions, in all universities and in the research departments of many companies. In the 2nd edition many chapters will include updated and extended material. In addition the MATLAB command index will be updated and a new chapter on numerical methods will be added.

For the second edition of `Environmental Modeling` the first edition was completely revised. Text and figures were adapted to the recent MATLAB® version. Several chapters were extended. Correspondingly the index of MATLAB commands was extended considerably, which makes the book even more suitable to be used as a reference work by novices. Finally an introduction into numerical methods was added as a new chapter. <

 

 


Holzbecher, Ekkehard
Using MATLAB
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xix, 410
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642220418
 (Mixed Media)
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The book has two aims: to introduce basic concepts of environmental modelling and to facilitate the application of the concepts using modern numerical tools such as MATLAB. It is targeted at all natural scientists dealing with the environment: process and chemical engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biochemists, hydrogeologists, geochemists and ecologists. MATLAB was chosen as the major computer tool for modeling, firstly because it is unique in it`s capabilities, and secondly because it is available in most academic institutions, in all universities and in the research departments of many companies. In the 2nd edition many chapters will include updated and extended material. In addition the MATLAB command index will be updated and a new chapter on numerical methods will be added.

For the second edition of `Environmental Modeling` the first edition was completely revised. Text and figures were adapted to the recent MATLAB® version. Several chapters were extended. Correspondingly the index of MATLAB commands was extended considerably, which makes the book even more suitable to be used as a reference work by novices. Finally an introduction into numerical methods was added as a new chapter. <

 

 


Sholarin, Ebenezer A., Awange, Joseph L.
Principles, Methodology, and Processes
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 406
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319276496
 (Hardcover)
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This book offers a new framework that facilitates the development of more intelligent systems and methods for data analysis and international information sharing, such as the use of satellite imaging and geospatial data to predict changes in weather conditions and shifts in water levels, and to assess the extent of the forest cover remaining on Earth that is visible from space. It brings together the many aspects of science and technology, as well as formula and analytical approaches required for more informed decision-making. It also highlights the vital importance of understanding the technological, economic and social dimensions of environmental projects that have short-term results and long-term impacts. 

It is unique in that it clearly distinguishes between environmental project management (EnvPM) and green project management (GreenPM), and presents an amalgamation of environmental management and project management concepts, using geospatial methods to form an EnvPM concept. The book sets a benchmark for the professionalism with which environmental projects should be planned, executed, monitored, assessed and delivered. While primarily intended for professionals responsible for the management of environmental projects or interested in improving the overall efficiency of such projects, it is also a useful handbook for managers in the private, public and non-for-profit sectors. It is a valuable resource for students at both undergraduate and master’s levels and an indispensable guide for anyone wanting to develop their skills in modern project management, environmental management and geospatial techniques.

``We are the first generation to feel the impact of climate change, and the last generation that can do something about it.`` US President Obama`s address to the United Nations on Climate Change and Global warming (2015)

hison: This book provides an in-depth, well-researched and science-based approach to applying key project-management and spatial tools and practices in environmental projects. An important read for leaders considering projects that balance social-economic growth against minimising its ill-effects on Planet Earth. - Todd Hutchison, Global Chairman of Peopleistic group.

Anpo, Masakazu, Kamat, Prashant V.
Applications of Titanium Oxide-based Materials
Springer New York
Seiten xi, 757
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9780387484419
 (Hardcover)
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Over the past few decades, mankind has observed an unprecedented and remarkable growth in industry, resulting in a more prosperous lifestyle for peoples of many countries. In developing countries, however, explosive industrial growth is just now beginning to raise the living standards of the people. Most industries, especially in these developing countries, are still powered by the burning of fossil fuels; con- quently, a lack of clean energy resources has caused environmental pollution on an unprecedented large and global scale. Toxic wastes have been relentlessly released into the air and water leading to serious and devastating environmental and health problems while endangering the planet and life itself with the effects of global warming. To address these urgent environmental issues, new catalytic and photocatalytic processes as well as open-atmospheric systems are presently being developed that can operate at room temperature while being totally clean and ef?cient and thus environmentally harmonious. Essential to technologies harnessing the abundant solar energy that reaches the earth are the highly functional photocatalytic proce- es that can utilize not only UV light, but also visible light.

Selinus, Olle, Alloway, Brian, Centeno, Jose, Finkelman, Robert, Fuge, Ron, Lindh, Ulf, Smedley, Pauline
Revised Edition
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xix, 805
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789401779616
 (Softcover)
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Essentials of Medical Geology reviews the essential concepts and practical tools required to tackle environmental and public health problems. It is organized into four main sections. The first section deals with the fundamentals of environmental biology, the natural and anthropogenic sources of health elements that impact health and illustrate key biogeochemical transformations. The second section looks at the geological processes influencing human exposure to specific elements, such as radon, arsenic, fluorine, selenium and iodine. The third section presents the concepts and techniques of pathology, toxicology and epidemiology that underpin investigations into the human health effects of exposure to naturally occurring elements. The last section provides a toolbox of analytical approaches to environmental research and medical geology investigations.

Essentials of Medical Geology was first published in 2005 and has since won three prestigious rewards. The book has been recognized as a key book in both medical and geology fields and is widely used as textbook and reference book in these fields.

For this revised edition, editors and authors have updated the content that evolved a lot during 2005 and added two new chapters, on public health, and agriculture and health. This updated volume can now continue to be used as a textbook and reference book for all who are interested in this important topic and its impacts the health and wellbeing of many millions of people all over the world.

 

·         Addresses key topics at the intersection of environmental science and human health

·         Developed by 60 international experts from 20 countries and edited by professionals from the International Medical Geology Association (IMGA)

·         Written in non-technical language for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from students and professional researchers to policymakers and the general public

·         Includes color illustrations throughout, references for further investigation and other aids to the reader


Selinus, Olle, Alloway, Brian, Centeno, Jose, Finkelman, Robert, Fuge, Ron, Lindh, Ulf, Smedley, Pauline
Revised Edition
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xix, 805
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789400743748
 (Hardcover)
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Essentials of Medical Geology reviews the essential concepts and practical tools required to tackle environmental and public health problems. It is organized into four main sections. The first section deals with the fundamentals of environmental biology, the natural and anthropogenic sources of health elements that impact health and illustrate key biogeochemical transformations. The second section looks at the geological processes influencing human exposure to specific elements, such as radon, arsenic, fluorine, selenium and iodine. The third section presents the concepts and techniques of pathology, toxicology and epidemiology that underpin investigations into the human health effects of exposure to naturally occurring elements. The last section provides a toolbox of analytical approaches to environmental research and medical geology investigations.

Essentials of Medical Geology was first published in 2005 and has since won three prestigious rewards. The book has been recognized as a key book in both medical and geology fields and is widely used as textbook and reference book in these fields.

For this revised edition, editors and authors have updated the content that evolved a lot during 2005 and added two new chapters, on public health, and agriculture and health. This updated volume can now continue to be used as a textbook and reference book for all who are interested in this important topic and its impacts the health and wellbeing of many millions of people all over the world.

 

·         Addresses key topics at the intersection of environmental science and human health

·         Developed by 60 international experts from 20 countries and edited by professionals from the International Medical Geology Association (IMGA)

·         Written in non-technical language for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from students and professional researchers to policymakers and the general public

·         Includes color illustrations throughout, references for further investigation and other aids to the reader


Hamm, Christian
Analyses and Technical Applications
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xv, 206
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401793971
 (Hardcover)
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This volume contains studies on the evolution and function of lightweight constructions of planktonic and other organisms, and examples of how they can be used to create new solutions for radical innovations of lightweight constructions for technological application. The principles and underlying processes responsible for evolution and biodiversity of marine plankton organisms are highly relevant and largely unresolved issues in the field of marine science. Amongst the most promising objects for the study of evolution of stable lightweight constructions are marine organisms such as diatoms or radiolarians. Research in these fields requires interdisciplinary expertises such as in evolutionary modelling, paleontology, lightweight optimization, functional morphology, and marine ecology. Considerable effort and expert knowledge in production engineering or lightweight optimization is necessary to transfer knowledge on biogenic structures and evolutionary principles into new lightweight solutions. This book show methods and examples of how this can be achieved efficiently.

Yates Jr., John T.
A Guide to Practical Laboratory Methods and Instruments
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxi, 655
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319176673
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This book is a new edition of a classic text on experimental methods and instruments in surface science. It offers practical insight useful to chemists, physicists, and materials scientists working in experimental surface science. This enlarged second edition contains almost 300 descriptions of experimental methods. The more than 50 active areas with individual scientific and measurement concepts and activities relevant to each area are presented in this book. The key areas covered are: Vacuum System Technology, Mechanical Fabrication Techniques, Measurement Methods, Thermal Control, Delivery of Adsorbates to Surfaces, UHV Windows, Surface Preparation Methods, High Area Solids, Safety. The book is written for researchers and graduate students.

Orchiston, Wayne
Trials, Tribulations, Telescopes and Transits
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xlv, 688
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783319225654
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Dr. Orchiston is a foremost authority on the subject of New Zealand astronomy, and here are the collected papers of his fruitful studies in this area, including both those published many years ago and new material. The papers herein review traditional Maori astronomy, examine the appearance of nautical astronomy practiced by Cook and his astronomers on their various stopovers in New Zealand during their three voyagers to the South Seas, and also explore notable nineteenth century New Zealand observatories historically, from significant telescopes now located in New Zealand to local and international observations made during the 1874 and 1882 transits of Venus and the nineteenth and twentieth century preoccupation of New Zealand amateur astronomers with comets and meteors.

New Zealand astronomy has a truly rich history, extending from the Maori civilization in pre-European times through to the years when explorers and navigators discovered the region, up to pioneering research on the newly emerging field of radio astronomy during WWII and in the immediate post-war years. A complete survey of a neglected but rich national astronomical history, this does the subject full and comprehensive justice. 


Professor Wayne Orchiston is a Senior Researcher at the National Astronomical Research Institute in Chiang Mai, Thailand, and formerly worked in optical and radio astronomy in Australia and New Zealand. He has published on the history of Australian, English, French, Georgian, Indian, Indonesian, Iraqi, Japanese, New Zealand and USA astronomy, and has supervised a large pool of graduate students. Like Tsuko Nakamura, Wayne has played a leading role in developing the history of astronomy through the International Astronomical Union Commission 41, and was responsible for the formation of the Historic Radio Astronomy and Transits of Venus Working Groups. He is the Editor of the Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage.

Belitz, H.-D., Grosch, Werner, Schieberle, Peter
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xliv, 1070
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9783540699330
 (Hardcover)
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For more than two decades, this work has remained the leading advanced textbook and easy-to-use reference on food chemistry and technology. Its fourth edition has been extensively re-written and enlarged, now also covering topics such as BSE detection or acrylamide. Food allergies, alcoholic drinks, or phystosterols are now treated more extensively.

Proven features of the prior editions are maintained: Contains more than 600 tables, almost 500 figures, and about 1100 structural formulae of food components - Logically organized according to food constituents and commodities - Comprehensive subject index.

These features provide students and researchers in food science, food technology, agricultural chemistry and nutrition with in-depth insight into food chemistry and technology. They also make the book a valuable on-the-job reference for chemists, food chemists, food technologists, engineers, biochemists, nutritionists, and analytical chemists in food and agricultural research, food industry, nutrition, food control, and service laboratories.

From reviews of the first edition

`Few books on food chemistry treat the subject as exhaustively…researchers will find it to be a useful source of information. It is easy to read and the material is systematically presented.` JACS


Belitz, H.-D., Grosch, Werner, Schieberle, Peter
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xliv, 1070
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9783540699354
 (Softcover)
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For more than two decades, this work has remained the leading advanced textbook and easy-to-use reference on food chemistry and technology. Its fourth edition has been extensively re-written and enlarged, now also covering topics such as BSE detection or acrylamide. Food allergies, alcoholic drinks, or phystosterols are now treated more extensively.

Proven features of the prior editions are maintained: Contains more than 600 tables, almost 500 figures, and about 1100 structural formulae of food components - Logically organized according to food constituents and commodities - Comprehensive subject index.

These features provide students and researchers in food science, food technology, agricultural chemistry and nutrition with in-depth insight into food chemistry and technology. They also make the book a valuable on-the-job reference for chemists, food chemists, food technologists, engineers, biochemists, nutritionists, and analytical chemists in food and agricultural research, food industry, nutrition, food control, and service laboratories.

From reviews of the first edition

`Few books on food chemistry treat the subject as exhaustively…researchers will find it to be a useful source of information. It is easy to read and the material is systematically presented.` JACS


Turk, Elisabeth E.
Humana Press
Seiten xii, 344
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
ISBN 9781617792489
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Fresh research has opened up new vistas in forensic pathology that are allowing for closer national and international cooperation between pathologists and scientists in a range of medical and scientific disciplines. At the same time, autopsy and laboratory techniques are undergoing rapid evolution, with new procedures coming on stream while existing processes yield additional—and more accurate—results. This sixth volume of reviews in forensic pathology provides professionals working in the field with cutting-edge material on the latest key advances in the fields of traumatic death, sudden natural death and death time estimation. Now with numerous color illustrations, the book gives forensic experts across the world a fully up-to-date guide to contemporary procedures and theory in forensic science and medicine. The chapters cover an exhaustive range of aspects in the discipline, from the analysis of sudden natural deaths in infancy and childhood to the cardiac proteomics approach in the study of cases involving sudden cardiac death. Other specialist chapters deal with the forensic investigation of deaths in aviation and as a result of accidents involving all-terrain vehicles. The volume covers fresh research in the use of protein markers for the estimation of post-mortem intervals, and features a chapter telling the story of the medico-legal investigation into the deaths resulting from the 9-11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. Comprehensive and current, this fresh volume of reviews is an essential resource for professionals who need to stay ahead of the game in a fast-moving and exciting field of scientific endeavor.

Turk, Elisabeth E.
Humana Press
Seiten xii, 344
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
ISBN 9781617797552
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Fresh research has opened up new vistas in forensic pathology that are allowing for closer national and international cooperation between pathologists and scientists in a range of medical and scientific disciplines. At the same time, autopsy and laboratory techniques are undergoing rapid evolution, with new procedures coming on stream while existing processes yield additional—and more accurate—results. This sixth volume of reviews in forensic pathology provides professionals working in the field with cutting-edge material on the latest key advances in the fields of traumatic death, sudden natural death and death time estimation. Now with numerous color illustrations, the book gives forensic experts across the world a fully up-to-date guide to contemporary procedures and theory in forensic science and medicine. The chapters cover an exhaustive range of aspects in the discipline, from the analysis of sudden natural deaths in infancy and childhood to the cardiac proteomics approach in the study of cases involving sudden cardiac death. Other specialist chapters deal with the forensic investigation of deaths in aviation and as a result of accidents involving all-terrain vehicles. The volume covers fresh research in the use of protein markers for the estimation of post-mortem intervals, and features a chapter telling the story of the medico-legal investigation into the deaths resulting from the 9-11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. Comprehensive and current, this fresh volume of reviews is an essential resource for professionals who need to stay ahead of the game in a fast-moving and exciting field of scientific endeavor.

Chen, Po, Lee, En-Jui
Theory, Software and Practice
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxxiv, 513
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319166032
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This book introduces a methodology for solving the seismic inverse problem using purely numerical solutions built on 3D wave equations and which is free of the approximations or simplifications that are common in classical seismic inversion methodologies and therefore applicable to arbitrary 3D geological media and seismic source models. Source codes provided allow readers to experiment with the calculations demonstrated and also explore their own applications.

Po Chen is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geology and Geophysics and the School of Energy Resources, University of Wyoming. He has published 24 peer-reviewed journal papers, 5 peer-reviewed conference papers, one book and three book chapters. Most of his publications are focused on different aspects of the newly emerging Full-3D Waveform Inversion (F3DWI) technique and its applications in earthquake hazard analysis/mitigation, resource exploration, crustal and upper-mantle dynamics. He teaches seismological inverse problems and has developed a set of parallel software tools for solving F3DWI problems.

En-jui Lee is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. He has published six peer-reviewed journal papers and one book chapter on full-3D waveform inversion, including full-wave earthquake source inversions, waveform analysis tools for full-3D waveform inversions, optimized LSQR algorithm for large seismic tomographic inversions and potential applications of full-wave methods on seismic hazard analysis.


Chen, Po, Lee, En-Jui
Theory, Software and Practice
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxxiv, 513
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319358772
 (Softcover)
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This book introduces a methodology for solving the seismic inverse problem using purely numerical solutions built on 3D wave equations and which is free of the approximations or simplifications that are common in classical seismic inversion methodologies and therefore applicable to arbitrary 3D geological media and seismic source models. Source codes provided allow readers to experiment with the calculations demonstrated and also explore their own applications.

Po Chen is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geology and Geophysics and the School of Energy Resources, University of Wyoming. He has published 24 peer-reviewed journal papers, 5 peer-reviewed conference papers, one book and three book chapters. Most of his publications are focused on different aspects of the newly emerging Full-3D Waveform Inversion (F3DWI) technique and its applications in earthquake hazard analysis/mitigation, resource exploration, crustal and upper-mantle dynamics. He teaches seismological inverse problems and has developed a set of parallel software tools for solving F3DWI problems.

En-jui Lee is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Earth Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan. He has published six peer-reviewed journal papers and one book chapter on full-3D waveform inversion, including full-wave earthquake source inversions, waveform analysis tools for full-3D waveform inversions, optimized LSQR algorithm for large seismic tomographic inversions and potential applications of full-wave methods on seismic hazard analysis.


Capitelli, Mario, Celiberto, Roberto, Colonna, Gianpiero, Esposito, Fabrizio, Gorse, Claudine, Hassouni, Khaled, Laricchiuta, Annarita, Longo, Savino
Kinetics
Springer New York
Seiten xvi, 318
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9781441981844
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Describing non-equilibrium `cold` plasmas through a chemical physics approach, this book uses the state-to-state plasma kinetics, which considers each internal state as a new species with its own cross sections. Extended atomic and molecular master equations are coupled with Boltzmann and Monte Carlo methods to solve the electron energy distribution function. Selected examples in different applied fields, such as microelectronics, fusion, and aerospace, are presented and discussed including the self-consistent kinetics in RF parallel plate reactors, the optimization of negative ion sources and the expansion of high enthalpy flows through nozzles of different geometries.

The book will cover the main aspects of the state-to-state kinetic approach for the description of nonequilibrium cold plasmas, illustrating the more recent achievements in the development of kinetic models including the self-consistent coupling of master equations and Boltzmann equation for electron dynamics. To give a complete portrayal, the book will assess fundamental concepts and theoretical formulations, based on a unified methodological approach, and explore the insight in related scientific problems still opened for the research community.

Mario Capitelli, University of Bari, mario.capitelli@ba.imip.cnr.it

Gianpiero Colonna, IMIP CNR

Fabrizio Esposito, IMIP CNR

Khaled Hassouni, Institut Galilee-Univeriste Paris

Annarita Laricchiuta, IMIP CNR

Savino Longo, University of Bari


Beckerman, Martin
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xxii, 378
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319221168
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This unique text introduces students and researchers to the world of misfolded proteins, toxic oligomers, and amyloid assemblages, and the diseases of the brain that result. During the past few years the connections between failures in protein quality control and neurological disorders have been reinforced and strengthened by discoveries on multiple fronts. These findings provide novel insights on how amyloidogenic oligomers and fibrils form, interconvert from one state to another, and propagate from cell to cell and region to region. Starting with protein folding and protein quality control basics, the reader will learn how misfolded proteins can cause diseases ranging from prion diseases to Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease to Huntington’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration.

Authoritative but written in a clear and engaging style, Fundamentals of Neurodegeneration and Protein Misfolding Disorders addresses one of today’s forefront areas of science and medicine. The text emphasizes the new groundbreaking biophysical and biochemical methods that enable molecular-level explorations and the conceptual breakthroughs that result. It contains separate chapters on each of the major disease classes. Special emphasis is placed on those factors and themes that are common to the diseases, especially failures in synaptic transmission, mitochondrial control, and axonal transport; breakdowns in RNA processing; the potential role of environmental factors; and the confounding effects of neuroinflammation. The book is ideal for use in teaching at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels, and serves as a comprehensive reference for a broad audience of students and researchers in neuroscience, molecular biology, biological physics and biomedical engineering.

Dr. Beckerman has held teaching and research positions at the Weizmann Institute of Science, University of Rochester, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Tennessee, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and most recently as senior scientist in the Y-12 National Security Complex. He has broad experience in nuclear physics, self-organizing processes, complex dynamical systems science and biophysics. In his early work in nuclear physics, he carried out sub-barrier fusion measurements and developed statistical models for analysis of heavy-ion induced sub-barrier fusion and fission reactions. He has over 100 publications and has written two monographs on the subject. His subsequent work on self-organization and complex systems led to publication of the statistical-mechanics-based tome Adaptive Cooperative Systems (1997, Wiley). His more recent research interests resulted in publication of the basic textbook Molecular and Cellular Signaling (2005, Springer), the more-advanced tract Cellular Signaling in Health and Disease (2009, Springer) and, most recently, to the present textbook. He recently retired from Y-12 and has continued his research activities as a consultant and as an educator.

Katsnelson, Boris, Petnikov, Valery, Lynch, James
Springer New York
Seiten xvi, 540
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781441997760
 (Hardcover)
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Shallow water acoustics (SWA), the study of how low and medium frequency sound propagates and scatters on the continental shelves of the worlds oceans, has both technical interest and a large number of practical applications. Technically, shallow water poses an interesting medium for the study of acoustic scattering, inverse theory, and propagation physics in a complicated oceanic waveguide. Practically, shallow water acoustics has interest for geophysical exploration, marine mammal studies, and naval applications. Additionally, one notes the very interdisciplinary nature of shallow water acoustics, including acoustical physics, physical oceanography, marine geology, and marine biology. In this specialized volume the authors, all of whom have extensive at-sea experience in US and Russian research efforts, have tried to summarize the main experimental, theoretical, and computational results in shallow water acoustics, with an emphasis on providing physical insight into the topics presented.

Dr. James F. Lynch was born in Jersey City, New Jersey on June 3, 1950. He obtained his B.S. in Physics from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1972 and his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Texas at Austin in 1978. He then worked for three years at the Applied Research Laboratories of the University of Texas at Austin (ARL/UT) from 1978 to 1981, after which he joined the scientific staff at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He has worked at WHOI since then, and currently holds the position of Senior Scientist in the Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department. His research specialty areas are ocean acoustics and acoustical oceanography. He also greatly enjoys occasional forays into physical oceanography, marine geology, and marine biology. Dr. Lynch is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, a Fellow of IEEE, the former Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, and present Editor of JASA-EL. He recently received the 2009 Walter Munk Award in Oceanography from the Oceanography Society and the Secretary of the Navy. His hobbies include kempo karate and amateur astronomy and meteorology.

B.Katsnelson was born in Kursk, Russia on April 2, 1950. He obtained his B.S. in Physics from Voronezh State University in 1972 and his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from Voronezh University in 1976. He then worked in the Physics Dept of Voronezh University as a Senior Scientist and then as Professor up to now. His research areas at different times were the theory of the interaction of laser fields with atoms and molecules, the propagation of electromagnetic waves in plasma and currently sound propagation in the ocean. He is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America and member of the Russian Acoustical Society. His hobbies are tennis and classical music.

Prof. Valery G. Petnikov was born in Moscow, Russia on December 20, 1947. He obtained his B.S. /M.S. in Physics and his Ph.D in Physics and Mathematics from M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, faculty of Physics in 1972 and in 1977 correspondingly. He obtained his Doctor of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics from the General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences in 2000. After the Post-Graduate Course at the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, faculty of Physics he worked at O.Yu. Shmidt Institute of Physics of Earth, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Moscow) from 1975 to 1979. He then worked at the Hydrophysics Laboratory in the P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Moscow) from1979 to 1982 and at the Laboratory of Acoustic Sensing of the Ocean in the General Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Moscow) from1982 to 1998. He has been Head of the Laboratory from 1986-1998. In 1998, he joined Wave Research Center of General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) as Head of the same Laboratory, Leading Research Associate. His scientific interests are underwater acoustics, specifically: shallow water acoustics, arctic acoustics, acoustic tomography and acoustics signal processing. He has more than 80 publications in peer-reviewed journals. Prof. Petnikov is a Fellow of the Russian Acoustical Society. He is also a Real member of the editorial board of the Acoustical Physics journal.


Katsnelson, Boris, Petnikov, Valery, Lynch, James
Springer New York
Seiten xvi, 540
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781461428978
 (Softcover)
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Shallow water acoustics (SWA), the study of how low and medium frequency sound propagates and scatters on the continental shelves of the worlds oceans, has both technical interest and a large number of practical applications. Technically, shallow water poses an interesting medium for the study of acoustic scattering, inverse theory, and propagation physics in a complicated oceanic waveguide. Practically, shallow water acoustics has interest for geophysical exploration, marine mammal studies, and naval applications. Additionally, one notes the very interdisciplinary nature of shallow water acoustics, including acoustical physics, physical oceanography, marine geology, and marine biology. In this specialized volume the authors, all of whom have extensive at-sea experience in US and Russian research efforts, have tried to summarize the main experimental, theoretical, and computational results in shallow water acoustics, with an emphasis on providing physical insight into the topics presented.

Dr. James F. Lynch was born in Jersey City, New Jersey on June 3, 1950. He obtained his B.S. in Physics from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1972 and his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Texas at Austin in 1978. He then worked for three years at the Applied Research Laboratories of the University of Texas at Austin (ARL/UT) from 1978 to 1981, after which he joined the scientific staff at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He has worked at WHOI since then, and currently holds the position of Senior Scientist in the Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department. His research specialty areas are ocean acoustics and acoustical oceanography. He also greatly enjoys occasional forays into physical oceanography, marine geology, and marine biology. Dr. Lynch is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, a Fellow of IEEE, the former Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, and present Editor of JASA-EL. He recently received the 2009 Walter Munk Award in Oceanography from the Oceanography Society and the Secretary of the Navy. His hobbies include kempo karate and amateur astronomy and meteorology.

B.Katsnelson was born in Kursk, Russia on April 2, 1950. He obtained his B.S. in Physics from Voronezh State University in 1972 and his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from Voronezh University in 1976. He then worked in the Physics Dept of Voronezh University as a Senior Scientist and then as Professor up to now. His research areas at different times were the theory of the interaction of laser fields with atoms and molecules, the propagation of electromagnetic waves in plasma and currently sound propagation in the ocean. He is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America and member of the Russian Acoustical Society. His hobbies are tennis and classical music.

Prof. Valery G. Petnikov was born in Moscow, Russia on December 20, 1947. He obtained his B.S. /M.S. in Physics and his Ph.D in Physics and Mathematics from M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, faculty of Physics in 1972 and in 1977 correspondingly. He obtained his Doctor of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics from the General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences in 2000. After the Post-Graduate Course at the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, faculty of Physics he worked at O.Yu. Shmidt Institute of Physics of Earth, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Moscow) from 1975 to 1979. He then worked at the Hydrophysics Laboratory in the P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Moscow) from1979 to 1982 and at the Laboratory of Acoustic Sensing of the Ocean in the General Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Moscow) from1982 to 1998. He has been Head of the Laboratory from 1986-1998. In 1998, he joined Wave Research Center of General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) as Head of the same Laboratory, Leading Research Associate. His scientific interests are underwater acoustics, specifically: shallow water acoustics, arctic acoustics, acoustic tomography and acoustics signal processing. He has more than 80 publications in peer-reviewed journals. Prof. Petnikov is a Fellow of the Russian Acoustical Society. He is also a Real member of the editorial board of the Acoustical Physics journal.


Schmerr Jr., Lester W.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 377
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319072715
 (Hardcover)
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This book describes in detail the physical and mathematical foundations of ultrasonic phased array measurements. The book uses linear systems theory to develop a comprehensive model of the signals and images that can be formed with phased arrays. Engineers working in the field of ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) will find in this approach a wealth of information on how to design, optimize and interpret ultrasonic inspections with phased arrays. The fundamentals and models described in the book will also be of significant interest to other fields, including the medical ultrasound and seismology communities. A unique feature of this book is that it presents a unified theory of imaging with phased arrays that shows how common imaging methods such as the synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT), the total focusing method (TFM), and the physical optics far field inverse scattering (POFFIS) imaging method are all simplified versions of more fundamental and quantitative imaging approaches, called imaging measurement models.

To enhance learning, this book first describes the fundamentals of phased array systems using 2-D models, so that the complex 3-D cases normally found in practice can be more easily understood. In addition to giving a detailed discussion of phased array systems, Fundamentals of Ultrasonic Phased Arrays also provides MATLAB® functions and scripts, allowing the reader to conduct simulations of ultrasonic phased array transducers and phased array systems with the latest modeling technology.

Les Schmerr received a B.S. degree in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965 and a Ph.D. in Mechanics from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 1970. Since 1969 he has been at Iowa State University where he is currently Professor of Aerospace Engineering and Associate Director of the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation. He is also the Permanent Secretary of the World Federation of NDE Centers. His research interests include ultrasonics, elastic wave propagation and scattering, and artificial intelligence. He has developed and taught Ultrasonics and Nondestructive Evaluation courses at both the undergraduate and graduate level.  He is the author of the book Fundamental of Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation - A Modeling Approach which was published by Plenum Press in 1998 and the book Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluations Systems - Models and Measurements which was published by Springer in 2007.  He is a member of IEEE, ASME, ASNT and AIAA.

Schmerr Jr., Lester W.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 377
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319344652
 (Softcover)
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This book describes in detail the physical and mathematical foundations of ultrasonic phased array measurements. The book uses linear systems theory to develop a comprehensive model of the signals and images that can be formed with phased arrays. Engineers working in the field of ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) will find in this approach a wealth of information on how to design, optimize and interpret ultrasonic inspections with phased arrays. The fundamentals and models described in the book will also be of significant interest to other fields, including the medical ultrasound and seismology communities. A unique feature of this book is that it presents a unified theory of imaging with phased arrays that shows how common imaging methods such as the synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT), the total focusing method (TFM), and the physical optics far field inverse scattering (POFFIS) imaging method are all simplified versions of more fundamental and quantitative imaging approaches, called imaging measurement models.

To enhance learning, this book first describes the fundamentals of phased array systems using 2-D models, so that the complex 3-D cases normally found in practice can be more easily understood. In addition to giving a detailed discussion of phased array systems, Fundamentals of Ultrasonic Phased Arrays also provides MATLAB® functions and scripts, allowing the reader to conduct simulations of ultrasonic phased array transducers and phased array systems with the latest modeling technology.

Les Schmerr received a B.S. degree in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965 and a Ph.D. in Mechanics from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 1970. Since 1969 he has been at Iowa State University where he is currently Professor of Aerospace Engineering and Associate Director of the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation. He is also the Permanent Secretary of the World Federation of NDE Centers. His research interests include ultrasonics, elastic wave propagation and scattering, and artificial intelligence. He has developed and taught Ultrasonics and Nondestructive Evaluation courses at both the undergraduate and graduate level.  He is the author of the book Fundamental of Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation - A Modeling Approach which was published by Plenum Press in 1998 and the book Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluations Systems - Models and Measurements which was published by Springer in 2007.  He is a member of IEEE, ASME, ASNT and AIAA.

Pitt, John I., Hocking, Ailsa D.
Springer US
Seiten xv, 519
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781489984098
 (Softcover)
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In contrast to the second edition, the third edition of ‘‘Fungi and Food Spoilage’’ is evolutionary rather than revolutionary. The second edition was intended to cover almost all of the species likely to be encountered in mainstream food supplies, and only a few additional species have been included in this new edition. The third edition represents primarily an updating – of taxonomy, physiology, mycotoxin production and ecology. Changes in taxonomy reflect the impact that molecular methods have had on our understanding of classification but, it must be said, have not radically altered the overall picture. The improvements in the understanding of the physiology of food spoilage fungi have been relatively small, reflecting perhaps the lack of emphasis on physiology in modern mic- biological science. Much remains to be understood about the specificity of particular fungi for particular substrates, of the influence of water activity on the growth of many of the species treated, and even on such basic parameters as cardinal temperatures for growth and the influence of pH and preservatives. Since 1997, a great deal has been learnt about the specificity of mycotoxin production and in which commodities and products-specific mycotoxins are likely to occur. Changes in our understanding of the ecology of the included species are also in most cases evolutionary. A great number of papers have been published on the ecology of foodborne fungi in the past few years, but with few exceptions the basic ecology of the included species remains.

Pitt, John I., Hocking, Ailsa D.
Springer US
Seiten xv, 519
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387922065
 (Hardcover)
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In contrast to the second edition, the third edition of ‘‘Fungi and Food Spoilage’’ is evolutionary rather than revolutionary. The second edition was intended to cover almost all of the species likely to be encountered in mainstream food supplies, and only a few additional species have been included in this new edition. The third edition represents primarily an updating – of taxonomy, physiology, mycotoxin production and ecology. Changes in taxonomy reflect the impact that molecular methods have had on our understanding of classification but, it must be said, have not radically altered the overall picture. The improvements in the understanding of the physiology of food spoilage fungi have been relatively small, reflecting perhaps the lack of emphasis on physiology in modern mic- biological science. Much remains to be understood about the specificity of particular fungi for particular substrates, of the influence of water activity on the growth of many of the species treated, and even on such basic parameters as cardinal temperatures for growth and the influence of pH and preservatives. Since 1997, a great deal has been learnt about the specificity of mycotoxin production and in which commodities and products-specific mycotoxins are likely to occur. Changes in our understanding of the ecology of the included species are also in most cases evolutionary. A great number of papers have been published on the ecology of foodborne fungi in the past few years, but with few exceptions the basic ecology of the included species remains.

Trillas, Enric, Eciolaza, Luka
An Introductory Course for Engineering Students
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xi, 204
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319142029
 (Hardcover)
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This book introduces readers to fundamental concepts in fuzzy logic. It describes the necessary theoretical background and a number of basic mathematical models. Moreover, it makes them familiar with fuzzy control, an important topic in the engineering field. The book offers an unconventional introductory textbook on fuzzy logic, presenting theory together with examples and not always following the typical mathematical style of theorem-corollaries. Primarily intended to support engineers during their university studies, and to spark their curiosity about fuzzy logic and its applications, the book is also suitable for self-study, providing a valuable resource for engineers and professionals who deal with imprecision and non-random uncertainty in real-world applications.

Trillas, Enric, Eciolaza, Luka
An Introductory Course for Engineering Students
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xi, 204
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319386430
 (Softcover)
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This book introduces readers to fundamental concepts in fuzzy logic. It describes the necessary theoretical background and a number of basic mathematical models. Moreover, it makes them familiar with fuzzy control, an important topic in the engineering field. The book offers an unconventional introductory textbook on fuzzy logic, presenting theory together with examples and not always following the typical mathematical style of theorem-corollaries. Primarily intended to support engineers during their university studies, and to spark their curiosity about fuzzy logic and its applications, the book is also suitable for self-study, providing a valuable resource for engineers and professionals who deal with imprecision and non-random uncertainty in real-world applications.

Klein, Ulrich, Fletcher, Andrew
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 236
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319089416
 (Hardcover)
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This course-tested textbook conveys the fundamentals of magnetic fields and relativistic plasma in diffuse cosmic media, with a primary focus on phenomena that have been observed at different wavelengths. Theoretical concepts are addressed wherever necessary, with derivations presented in sufficient detail to be generally accessible.
In the first few chapters the authors present an introduction to various astrophysical phenomena related to cosmic magnetism, with scales ranging from molecular clouds in star-forming regions and supernova remnants in the Milky Way, to clusters of galaxies. Later chapters address the role of magnetic fields in the evolution of the interstellar medium, galaxies and galaxy clusters.
The book is intended for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in astronomy and physics and will serve as an entry point for those starting their first research projects in the field.

Dr. Ulrich Klein is Professor for Astronomy at the Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn. His research interest are in dark matter in galaxies, dwarf galaxies, synchrotron radiation from, and magnetic fields in, dwarf galaxies, relativistic plasma in clusters of galaxies, interstellar medium of dwarf galaxies.

Dr. Andrew Fletcher is Lecturer in Applied Mathematics at Newcastle University. His research interests are in astrophysical fluid dynamics, the interstellar medium, cosmic magnetic fields, cosmic rays, radio astronomy.


Klein, Ulrich, Fletcher, Andrew
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 236
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319346717
 (Softcover)
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This course-tested textbook conveys the fundamentals of magnetic fields and relativistic plasma in diffuse cosmic media, with a primary focus on phenomena that have been observed at different wavelengths. Theoretical concepts are addressed wherever necessary, with derivations presented in sufficient detail to be generally accessible.
In the first few chapters the authors present an introduction to various astrophysical phenomena related to cosmic magnetism, with scales ranging from molecular clouds in star-forming regions and supernova remnants in the Milky Way, to clusters of galaxies. Later chapters address the role of magnetic fields in the evolution of the interstellar medium, galaxies and galaxy clusters.
The book is intended for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in astronomy and physics and will serve as an entry point for those starting their first research projects in the field.

Dr. Ulrich Klein is Professor for Astronomy at the Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn. His research interest are in dark matter in galaxies, dwarf galaxies, synchrotron radiation from, and magnetic fields in, dwarf galaxies, relativistic plasma in clusters of galaxies, interstellar medium of dwarf galaxies.

Dr. Andrew Fletcher is Lecturer in Applied Mathematics at Newcastle University. His research interests are in astrophysical fluid dynamics, the interstellar medium, cosmic magnetic fields, cosmic rays, radio astronomy.


Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi, Chandra Khulbe, Kailash, Matsuura, Takeshi
Polymeric and Inorganic
Springer International Publishing
Seiten x, 331
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319343273
 (Softcover)
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This book describes the tremendous progress that has been made in the development of  gas separation membranes based both on inorganic and polymeric materials. Materials discussed include polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs), metal organic frameworks (MOFs), carbon based materials,  zeolites, as well as other materials, and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) in which the above novel materials are incorporated. This broad survey of gas membranes covers material, theory, modeling, preparation, characterization (for example, by AFM, IR, XRD, ESR, Positron annihilation spectroscopy), tailoring of membranes, membrane module and system design, and applications.  The book is concluded with some perspectives about the future direction of the field.

Professor Ahmad Fauzi Ismail is the Founding Director of Advanced Membrane Technology Research Center (AMTEC) and also the Dean of Research for Materials and Manufacturing Research Alliance of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Professor Fauzi obtained a PhD. in Chemical Engineering in 1997 from University of Strathclyde and MSc. and BSc. from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia in 1992 and 1989 respectively. He is the author and co-author of over 350 refereed journals. He has authored 3 books, 25 book chapters and 3 edited books, 3 Patents granted 17 Patents pending. He has won more than 120 awards. Professor Fauzi’s research focuses on development of polymeric, inorganic and novel mixed matrix membranes for water desalination, waste water treatment, gas separation processes, membrane for palm oil refining, photocatalytic membrane for removal of emerging contaminants and polymer electrolyte membrane for fuel cell applications. Professor Fauzi has involved extensively in R&D&C for multinational companies related to membrane-based processes for industrial application. 

Professor Takeshi Matsuura studied at the University of Tokyo and the Institute of Chemical Technology of the Technical University of Berlin. He was appointed to Professor Emeritus of the University of Ottawa upon his retirement in 2002 after serving as professor of the Department of Chemical Engineering (currently Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering) and the director of the Industrial Membrane Research Institute (IMRI). He also served at University Technology Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Malaysia (currently at the Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC) of UTM), as a distinguished visiting professor, in years 2007, 2009-2014. He delivered many lectures at overseas research institutions and international conferences. He has published about 450 papers in refereed journals, authored and co-authored 6 books and edited 8 books.

Kailash C. Khulbe is a graduate of Agra University, India where he obtained the BSc, MSc and PhD. Degree.  His doctoral thesis was on the kinetics of the oxidation of aldehydes, ketones and other related compounds by persulphate catalyzed by Ag+ ion.  He joined Ottawa University (Chemical Engineering Department) in late 1960’s and worked on different projects related with catalysts, bitumen, Oil, ESR, IR, X-ray analysis, Chromatography etc.  He joined the Dr. T. Matsuura group (Industrial Membrane Research Institute (IMRI)) in the middle of   1990’s and started work on synthetic membranes. His main interests are AFM, Synthetic Membranes (Polymeric/Inorganic), Water treatment etc. He published more than 350 articles, one book (AFM for synthetic membranes) and many chapters for different books.


Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi, Chandra Khulbe, Kailash, Matsuura, Takeshi
Polymeric and Inorganic
Springer International Publishing
Seiten x, 331
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319010946
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This book describes the tremendous progress that has been made in the development of  gas separation membranes based both on inorganic and polymeric materials. Materials discussed include polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs), metal organic frameworks (MOFs), carbon based materials,  zeolites, as well as other materials, and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) in which the above novel materials are incorporated. This broad survey of gas membranes covers material, theory, modeling, preparation, characterization (for example, by AFM, IR, XRD, ESR, Positron annihilation spectroscopy), tailoring of membranes, membrane module and system design, and applications.  The book is concluded with some perspectives about the future direction of the field.

Professor Ahmad Fauzi Ismail is the Founding Director of Advanced Membrane Technology Research Center (AMTEC) and also the Dean of Research for Materials and Manufacturing Research Alliance of Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Professor Fauzi obtained a PhD. in Chemical Engineering in 1997 from University of Strathclyde and MSc. and BSc. from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia in 1992 and 1989 respectively. He is the author and co-author of over 350 refereed journals. He has authored 3 books, 25 book chapters and 3 edited books, 3 Patents granted 17 Patents pending. He has won more than 120 awards. Professor Fauzi’s research focuses on development of polymeric, inorganic and novel mixed matrix membranes for water desalination, waste water treatment, gas separation processes, membrane for palm oil refining, photocatalytic membrane for removal of emerging contaminants and polymer electrolyte membrane for fuel cell applications. Professor Fauzi has involved extensively in R&D&C for multinational companies related to membrane-based processes for industrial application. 

Professor Takeshi Matsuura studied at the University of Tokyo and the Institute of Chemical Technology of the Technical University of Berlin. He was appointed to Professor Emeritus of the University of Ottawa upon his retirement in 2002 after serving as professor of the Department of Chemical Engineering (currently Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering) and the director of the Industrial Membrane Research Institute (IMRI). He also served at University Technology Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Malaysia (currently at the Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC) of UTM), as a distinguished visiting professor, in years 2007, 2009-2014. He delivered many lectures at overseas research institutions and international conferences. He has published about 450 papers in refereed journals, authored and co-authored 6 books and edited 8 books.

Kailash C. Khulbe is a graduate of Agra University, India where he obtained the BSc, MSc and PhD. Degree.  His doctoral thesis was on the kinetics of the oxidation of aldehydes, ketones and other related compounds by persulphate catalyzed by Ag+ ion.  He joined Ottawa University (Chemical Engineering Department) in late 1960’s and worked on different projects related with catalysts, bitumen, Oil, ESR, IR, X-ray analysis, Chromatography etc.  He joined the Dr. T. Matsuura group (Industrial Membrane Research Institute (IMRI)) in the middle of   1990’s and started work on synthetic membranes. His main interests are AFM, Synthetic Membranes (Polymeric/Inorganic), Water treatment etc. He published more than 350 articles, one book (AFM for synthetic membranes) and many chapters for different books.


Giacca, Mauro
Springer Milan
Seiten xxi, 303
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9788847016422
 (Hardcover)
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I entered the gene therapy field in the mid-1990s, being fascinated by the immense potential of genes as drugs for the treatment of human disease. Since then, I have experienced the ups and downs of this discipline, and tried to contribute with my work and that of my laboratory to the development of innovative approaches to the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. During these years, I have had several opp- tunities to speak on gene therapy at lectures and academic lessons, and have often noticed that the field is very attractive to scientists of all disciplines. However, as yet no comprehensive book on the subject has been published. Indeed, most books in the field are either a collection of gene transfer laboratory protocols or deal with the subject in a rather superficial manner. Hence the idea to write a gene therapy textbook that is broad and comprehensive, but at the same time provides sufficient molecular and clinical detail to be of interest to students, professors, and specialists in the various disciplines that contribute to gene therapy. I have tried to keep the language plain and, whenever possible, non-technical. Since the book is intended to be a textbook in the field of gene therapy in both the basic science and clinical areas, whenever technical descriptions are required, they are provided.
Mauro Giacca, MD, PhD, is the Director of the Italian Component of the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), an international research organisation based in Trieste, Italy, and full professor of molecular biology at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Trieste. Over the last 20 years, he has participated in the front line in the development of the gene therapy field. He is internationally recognized as an expert in AAV vector biology and in the application of AAV vectors for the gene therapy of cardiovascular disorders.

Giacca, Mauro
Springer Milan
Seiten xxi, 303
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
ISBN 9788847055551
 (Softcover)
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I entered the gene therapy field in the mid-1990s, being fascinated by the immense potential of genes as drugs for the treatment of human disease. Since then, I have experienced the ups and downs of this discipline, and tried to contribute with my work and that of my laboratory to the development of innovative approaches to the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. During these years, I have had several opp- tunities to speak on gene therapy at lectures and academic lessons, and have often noticed that the field is very attractive to scientists of all disciplines. However, as yet no comprehensive book on the subject has been published. Indeed, most books in the field are either a collection of gene transfer laboratory protocols or deal with the subject in a rather superficial manner. Hence the idea to write a gene therapy textbook that is broad and comprehensive, but at the same time provides sufficient molecular and clinical detail to be of interest to students, professors, and specialists in the various disciplines that contribute to gene therapy. I have tried to keep the language plain and, whenever possible, non-technical. Since the book is intended to be a textbook in the field of gene therapy in both the basic science and clinical areas, whenever technical descriptions are required, they are provided.
Mauro Giacca, MD, PhD, is the Director of the Italian Component of the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), an international research organisation based in Trieste, Italy, and full professor of molecular biology at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Trieste. Over the last 20 years, he has participated in the front line in the development of the gene therapy field. He is internationally recognized as an expert in AAV vector biology and in the application of AAV vectors for the gene therapy of cardiovascular disorders.

Rose, Harald
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xviii, 507
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642321184
 (Hardcover)
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This second edition is an extended version of the first edition of Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics. The updated reference monograph is intended as a guide for researchers and graduate students who are seeking a comprehensive treatment of the design of instruments and beam-guiding systems of charged particles and their propagation in electromagnetic fields. Wave aspects are included in this edition for explaining electron holography, the Aharanov-Bohm effect and the resolution of electron microscopes limited by diffraction. Several methods for calculating the electromagnetic field are presented and procedures are outlined for calculating the properties of systems with arbitrarily curved axis. Detailed methods are presented for designing and optimizing special components such as aberration correctors, spectrometers, energy filters monochromators, ion traps, electron mirrors and cathode lenses. In particular, the optics of rotationally symmetric lenses, quadrupoles, and systems composed of these elements are discussed extensively. Beam properties such as emittance, brightness, transmissivity and the formation of caustics are outlined. Relativistic motion and spin precession of the electron are treated in a covariant way by introducing the Lorentz-invariant universal time and by extending Hamilton’s principle from three to four spatial dimensions where the laboratory time is considered as the fourth pseudo-spatial coordinate. Using this procedure and introducing the self action of the electron, its accompanying electromagnetic field and its radiation field are calculated for arbitrary motion. In addition, the Stern-Gerlach effect is revisited for atomic and free electrons.


Steinmann, Paul
An Application to First- and Second-Order Elasticity and Elasto-Plasticity
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxiv, 517
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662464595
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This book illustrates the deep roots of the geometrically nonlinear kinematics of

generalized continuum mechanics in differential geometry. Besides applications to first-

order elasticity and elasto-plasticity an appreciation thereof is particularly illuminating

for generalized models of continuum mechanics such as second-order (gradient-type)

elasticity and elasto-plasticity.

 

After a motivation that arises from considering geometrically linear first- and second-

order crystal plasticity in Part I several concepts from differential geometry, relevant

for what follows, such as connection, parallel transport, torsion, curvature, and metric

for holonomic and anholonomic coordinate transformations are reiterated in Part II.

Then, in Part III, the kinematics of geometrically nonlinear continuum mechanics

are considered. There various concepts of differential geometry, in particular aspects

related to compatibility, are generically applied to the kinematics of first- and second-

order geometrically nonlinear continuum mechanics. Together with the discussion on

the integrability conditions for the distortions and double-distortions, the concepts

of dislocation, disclination and point-defect density tensors are introduced. For

concreteness, after touching on nonlinear fir

st- and second-order elasticity, a detailed

discussion of the kinematics of (multiplicative) first- and second-order elasto-plasticity

is given. The discussion naturally culminates in a comprehensive set of different types

of dislocation, disclination and point-defect density tensors. It is argued, that these

can potentially be used to model densities of geometrically necessary defects and the

accompanying hardening in crystalline materials. Eventually Part IV summarizes the

above findings on integrability whereby distinction is made between the straightforward

conditions for the distortion and the double-distortion being integrable and the more

involved conditions for the strain (metric) and the double-strain (connection) being

integrable.

 

The book addresses readers with an interest in continuum modelling of solids from

engineering and the sciences alike, whereby a sound knowledge of tensor calculus and

continuum mechanics is required as a prerequisite.

 

 


Parsons, Anthony J., Abrahams, A. D.
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xviii, 831
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781402057182
 (Hardcover)
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About one-third of the Earth’s land surface experiences a desert climate, and this area supports approximately 15% of the planet’s population. This percentage continues to grow, and with this growth comes the need to acquire and apply an understanding of desert geomorphology. Such an understanding is vital in managing scarce and fragile resources and in mitigating natural hazards.

This authoritative reference book is comprehensive in its coverage of the geomorphology of desert environments, and is arranged thematically. It begins with an overview of global deserts, proceeds through treatments of weathering, hillslopes, rivers, piedmonts, lake basins, and aeolian surfaces, and concludes with a discussion of the role of climatic change. Written by a team of international authors, all of whom are active in the field, the chapters cover the spectrum of desert geomorphology.


De Ron, Antonio M.
Springer New York
Seiten xix, 438
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9781493927968
 (Hardcover)
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???This book is devoted to grain legumes and include eight chapters devoted to the breeding of specific grain legume crops and five general chapters dealing with important topics which are common to most of the species in focus. Soybean is not included in the book as it is commonly considered an oil crop more than a grain legume and is included in the Oil Crops Volume of the Handbook of Plant Breeding.?Legume species belong to the Fabaceae family and are characterized by their fruit, usually called pod. Several species of this family were domesticated by humans, such as soybean, common bean, faba bean, pea, chickpea, lentil, peanut, or cowpea. Some of these species are of great relevance as human and animal food. Food legumes are consumed either by their immature pod or their dry seeds, which have a high protein content. Globally, grain legumes are the most relevant source of plant protein, especially in many countries of Africa and Latin America, but there are some constraints in their production, such as a poor adaptation, pest and diseases and unstable yield. Current research trends in Legumes are focused on new methodologies involving genetic and omic studies, as well as new approaches to the genetic improvement of these species, including the relationships with their symbiotic rhizobia.

Antonio M. De Ron is Research Professor at the Misión Biológica de Galicia (MBG), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) in Pontevedra, Spain. He received both his graduate and doctorate in Biology from the University of Santiago de Compostela (USC, Spain). Initially he worked as a postgraduate student in plant protection at the National Institute for Agricultural Research (INIA, Spain). In 1988, Prof De Ron gained a staff position as scientist at the MBG working on legume genetics, germplasm and breeding and he is currently the leader of the Biology of Agrosystems Research Group. He was also part-time lecturer of genetics and breeding at the USC. Currently he is also serving as Leader of the Protein Crops Working Group of the European Association for Research on Plant Breeding (EUCARPIA, The Netherlands). He has published many scientific articles, books and monographs, as well as several educational publications. Prof De Ron has won awards for his work and is well recognized in the international scientific community for his achievements.


Thornton, Colin
A DEM study
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xiii, 195
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319187105
 (Hardcover)
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This book is devoted to the Discrete Element Method (DEM) technique, a discontinuum modelling approach that takes into account the fact that granular materials are composed of discrete particles which interact with each other at the microscale level. This numerical simulation technique can be used both for dispersed systems in which the particle-particle interactions are collisional and compact systems of particles with multiple enduring contacts.

The book provides an extensive and detailed explanation of the theoretical background of DEM. Contact mechanics theories for elastic, elastic-plastic, adhesive elastic and adhesive elastic-plastic particle-particle interactions are presented. Other contact force models are also discussed, including corrections to some of these models as described in the literature, and important areas of further research are identified.

A key issue in DEM simulations is whether or not a code can reliably simulate the simplest of systems, namely the single particle oblique impact with a wall. This is discussed using the output obtained from the contact force models described earlier, which are compared for elastic and inelastic collisions. In addition, further insight is provided for the impact of adhesive particles. The author then moves on to provide the results of selected DEM applications to agglomerate impacts, fluidised beds and quasi-static deformation, demonstrating that the DEM technique can be used (i) to mimic experiments, (ii) explore parameter sweeps, including limiting values, or (iii) identify new, previously unknown, phenomena at the microscale.

In the DEM applications the emphasis is on discovering new information that enhances our rational understanding of particle systems, which may be more significant than developing a new continuum model that encompasses all microstructural aspects, which would most likely prove too complicated for practical implementation. The book will be of interest to academic and industrial researchers working in particle technology/process engineering and geomechanics, both experimentalists and theoreticians.

Dr. Colin Thornton, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK, has published over 100 papers and has an h factor of 30. His main area of expertise is powder technology and in particular he is one of the pioneers of the “discrete element method” (DEM), having made enormous contributions to the application of DEM to theoretical soil mechanics and problems in particulate technology during the last 30 years. Supported by British research council grants and 11 industrial contracts he has developed leading DEM software for the simulation of a variety of systems, which proved outstandingly versatile and is now widely employed for modeling of particulate systems across disciplines.

Frè, Pietro Giuseppe
Volume 2: Black Holes, Cosmology and Introduction to Supergravity
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xx, 452
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789400798854
 (Softcover)
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‘Gravity, a Geometrical Course’ presents general relativity (GR) in a systematic and exhaustive way, covering three aspects that are homogenized into a single texture: i) the mathematical, geometrical foundations, exposed in a self consistent contemporary formalism, ii) the main physical, astrophysical and cosmological applications,  updated to the issues of contemporary research and observations, with glimpses on supergravity and superstring theory, iii) the historical development of scientific ideas underlying both the birth of general relativity and its subsequent evolution. The book is divided in two volumes. 

Volume Two is covers black holes, cosmology and an introduction to supergravity. The aim of this volume is two-fold. It completes the presentation of GR and it introduces the reader to theory of gravitation beyond GR, which is supergravity.  Starting with a short history of the black hole concept,  the book covers the Kruskal extension of the Schwarzschild metric, the causal structures of Lorentzian manifolds, Penrose diagrams and a detailed analysis of the Kerr-Newman metric. An extensive historical account of the development of modern cosmology is followed by a detailed presentation of its mathematical structure, including non-isotropic cosmologies and billiards, de Sitter space and inflationary scenarios, perturbation theory and anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background. The last three chapters deal with the mathematical and conceptual foundations of supergravity in the frame of free differential algebras.  Branes are presented both as classical solutions of the bulk theory and as world-volume gauge theories with particular emphasis on the geometrical interpretation of kappa-supersymmetry. The rich bestiary of special geometries underlying supergravity lagrangians is  presented, followed by a chapter providing glances on the equally rich collection of special solutions of supergravity.

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”, He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology and two novels, in Italian.

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously published two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”. He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology (“Il fascino oscuro dell’inflazione”, Springer 2009), and two novels, in Italian.


Frè, Pietro Giuseppe
Volume 1: Development of the Theory and Basic Physical Applications
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xviii, 338
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789400795440
 (Softcover)
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‘Gravity, a Geometrical Course’ presents general relativity (GR) in a systematic and exhaustive way, covering three aspects that are homogenized into a single texture: i) the mathematical, geometrical foundations, exposed in a self consistent contemporary formalism, ii) the main physical, astrophysical and cosmological applications,  updated to the issues of contemporary research and observations, with glimpses on supergravity and superstring theory, iii) the historical development of scientific ideas underlying both the birth of general relativity and its subsequent evolution. The book, divided in two volumes, is a rich resource for graduate students and those who wish to gain a deep knowledge of the subject without an instructor.  

Volume One is dedicated to the development of the theory and basic physical applications. It guides the reader from the foundation of special relativity to Einstein field equations, illustrating some basic applications in astrophysics. A detailed  account  of the historical and conceptual development of the theory is combined with the presentation of its mathematical foundations.  Differentiable manifolds, fibre-bundles, differential forms, and the theory of connections are covered, with a sketchy introduction to homology and cohomology. (Pseudo)-Riemannian geometry is presented both in the metric and in the vielbein approach. Physical applications include the motions in a Schwarzschild field leading to the classical tests of GR (light-ray bending and periastron advance) discussion of relativistic stellar equilibrium, white dwarfs, Chandrasekhar mass limit and polytropes. An entire chapter is devoted to tests of GR and to the indirect evidence of gravitational wave emission. The formal structure of gravitational theory is at all stages compared with that of non gravitational gauge theories, as a preparation to its modern extension, namely supergravity, discussed in the second volume. 

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”, He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology and two novels, in Italian.

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously published two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”. He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology (“Il fascino oscuro dell’inflazione”, Springer 2009), and two novels, in Italian.


Frè, Pietro Giuseppe
Volume 1: Development of the Theory and Basic Physical Applications
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xviii, 338
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789400753600
 (Hardcover)
Lieferstatus  
Science Sale abgelaufen
58.84
(inkl. 7% Mwst)

‘Gravity, a Geometrical Course’ presents general relativity (GR) in a systematic and exhaustive way, covering three aspects that are homogenized into a single texture: i) the mathematical, geometrical foundations, exposed in a self consistent contemporary formalism, ii) the main physical, astrophysical and cosmological applications,  updated to the issues of contemporary research and observations, with glimpses on supergravity and superstring theory, iii) the historical development of scientific ideas underlying both the birth of general relativity and its subsequent evolution. The book, divided in two volumes, is a rich resource for graduate students and those who wish to gain a deep knowledge of the subject without an instructor.  

Volume One is dedicated to the development of the theory and basic physical applications. It guides the reader from the foundation of special relativity to Einstein field equations, illustrating some basic applications in astrophysics. A detailed  account  of the historical and conceptual development of the theory is combined with the presentation of its mathematical foundations.  Differentiable manifolds, fibre-bundles, differential forms, and the theory of connections are covered, with a sketchy introduction to homology and cohomology. (Pseudo)-Riemannian geometry is presented both in the metric and in the vielbein approach. Physical applications include the motions in a Schwarzschild field leading to the classical tests of GR (light-ray bending and periastron advance) discussion of relativistic stellar equilibrium, white dwarfs, Chandrasekhar mass limit and polytropes. An entire chapter is devoted to tests of GR and to the indirect evidence of gravitational wave emission. The formal structure of gravitational theory is at all stages compared with that of non gravitational gauge theories, as a preparation to its modern extension, namely supergravity, discussed in the second volume. 

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”, He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology and two novels, in Italian.

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously published two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”. He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology (“Il fascino oscuro dell’inflazione”, Springer 2009), and two novels, in Italian.


Frè, Pietro Giuseppe
Volume 2: Black Holes, Cosmology and Introduction to Supergravity
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xx, 452
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9789400754423
 (Hardcover)
Lieferstatus  
Science Sale abgelaufen
58.84
(inkl. 7% Mwst)

‘Gravity, a Geometrical Course’ presents general relativity (GR) in a systematic and exhaustive way, covering three aspects that are homogenized into a single texture: i) the mathematical, geometrical foundations, exposed in a self consistent contemporary formalism, ii) the main physical, astrophysical and cosmological applications,  updated to the issues of contemporary research and observations, with glimpses on supergravity and superstring theory, iii) the historical development of scientific ideas underlying both the birth of general relativity and its subsequent evolution. The book is divided in two volumes. 

Volume Two is covers black holes, cosmology and an introduction to supergravity. The aim of this volume is two-fold. It completes the presentation of GR and it introduces the reader to theory of gravitation beyond GR, which is supergravity.  Starting with a short history of the black hole concept,  the book covers the Kruskal extension of the Schwarzschild metric, the causal structures of Lorentzian manifolds, Penrose diagrams and a detailed analysis of the Kerr-Newman metric. An extensive historical account of the development of modern cosmology is followed by a detailed presentation of its mathematical structure, including non-isotropic cosmologies and billiards, de Sitter space and inflationary scenarios, perturbation theory and anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background. The last three chapters deal with the mathematical and conceptual foundations of supergravity in the frame of free differential algebras.  Branes are presented both as classical solutions of the bulk theory and as world-volume gauge theories with particular emphasis on the geometrical interpretation of kappa-supersymmetry. The rich bestiary of special geometries underlying supergravity lagrangians is  presented, followed by a chapter providing glances on the equally rich collection of special solutions of supergravity.

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”, He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology and two novels, in Italian.

Pietro Frè is Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Torino, Italy and is currently serving as Scientific Counsellor of the Italian Embassy in Moscow. His scientific passion lies in supergravity and all allied topics, since the inception of the field, in 1976. He was professor at SISSA, worked in the USA and at CERN. He has taught General Relativity for 15 years. He has previously published two scientific monographs, “Supergravity and Superstrings” and “The N=2 Wonderland”. He is also the author of a popular science book on cosmology (“Il fascino oscuro dell’inflazione”, Springer 2009), and two novels, in Italian.


Sutton, Richard K.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 447
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319149820
 (Hardcover)
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74.89
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This book provides an up-to-date coverage of green (vegetated) roof research, design, and management from an ecosystem perspective. It reviews, explains, and poses questions about monitoring, substrate, living components and the abiotic, biotic and cultural aspects connecting green roofs to the fields of community, landscape and urban ecology. The work contains examples of green roof venues that demonstrate the focus, level of detail, and techniques needed to understand the structure, function, and impact of these novel ecosystems. Representing a seminal compilation of research and technical knowledge about green roof ecology and how functional attributes can be enhanced, it delves to explore the next wave of evolution in green technology and defines potential paths for technological advancement and research.
Richard K. Sutton is a Professor in the Department of Agriculture and Agronomy at The University of Nebraska-Lincoln. His areas of focus include ornamental horticulture, landscape ecology, and the design program in landscape architecture.

Sutton, Richard K.
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 447
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319354439
 (Softcover)
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This book provides an up-to-date coverage of green (vegetated) roof research, design, and management from an ecosystem perspective. It reviews, explains, and poses questions about monitoring, substrate, living components and the abiotic, biotic and cultural aspects connecting green roofs to the fields of community, landscape and urban ecology. The work contains examples of green roof venues that demonstrate the focus, level of detail, and techniques needed to understand the structure, function, and impact of these novel ecosystems. Representing a seminal compilation of research and technical knowledge about green roof ecology and how functional attributes can be enhanced, it delves to explore the next wave of evolution in green technology and defines potential paths for technological advancement and research.
Richard K. Sutton is a Professor in the Department of Agriculture and Agronomy at The University of Nebraska-Lincoln. His areas of focus include ornamental horticulture, landscape ecology, and the design program in landscape architecture.

Vittal, Vijay, Ayyanar, Raja
Springer New York
Seiten x, 150
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9781441993229
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Grid Integration and Dynamic Impact of Wind Energy details the integration of wind energy resources to the electric grid worldwide. Authors Vijay Vittal and Raja Ayyanar include detailed coverage of the power converters and control used in interfacing electric machines and power converters used in wind generators, and extensive descriptions of power systems operation and control to accommodate large penetration of wind resources.

Key concepts will be illustrated through extensive power electronics and power systems simulations using software like MATLAB, Simulink and PLECS. The book addresses real world problems and solutions in the area of grid integration of wind resources, and will be a valuable resource for engineers and researchers working in renewable energy and power.


Vittal, Vijay, Ayyanar, Raja
Springer New York
Seiten x, 150
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9781489998453
 (Softcover)
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Grid Integration and Dynamic Impact of Wind Energy details the integration of wind energy resources to the electric grid worldwide. Authors Vijay Vittal and Raja Ayyanar include detailed coverage of the power converters and control used in interfacing electric machines and power converters used in wind generators, and extensive descriptions of power systems operation and control to accommodate large penetration of wind resources.

Key concepts will be illustrated through extensive power electronics and power systems simulations using software like MATLAB, Simulink and PLECS. The book addresses real world problems and solutions in the area of grid integration of wind resources, and will be a valuable resource for engineers and researchers working in renewable energy and power.


Wiendahl, Hans-Peter, Reichardt, Jürgen, Nyhuis, Peter
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xviii, 501
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662463901
 (Mixed Media)
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This handbook introduces a methodical approach and pragmatic concept for the planning and design of changeable factories that act in strategic alliances to supply the ever-changing needs of the global market.
In the first part, the change drivers of manufacturing enterprises and the resulting new challenges are considered in detail with focus on an appropriate change potential.
The second part concerns the design of the production facilities and systems on the factory levels work place, section, building and site under functional, organisational, architectural and strategic aspects keeping in mind the environmental, health and safety aspects including corporate social responsibility.
The third part is dedicated to the planning and design method that is based on a synergetic interaction of process and space. The accompanying project management of the planning and construction phase and the facility management for the effective utilization of the built premises close the book.

The Authors

Prof. em. Dr.-Ing. Dr. mult. h.c. Hans-Peter Wiendahl  has been director for 23 years of the Institute of Factory planning and Logistics at the Leibniz University of Hannover in Germany.

Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Architekt BDA Jürgen Reichardt is Professor at the Muenster school of architecture and partner of RMA Reichardt – Maas – Associate  Architects in Essen Germany.

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Nyhuis is Managing Director of the Institute of Factory Planning and Logistics at the Leibniz University of Hannover in Germany.

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr. h.c. mult. Hans-Peter Wiendahl, born in 1938, studied mechanical engineering at the RWTH Aachen University, Germany. After studies at MIT and Cambridge, he completed his PhD in 1970 and his habilitation in 1972 at RWTH Aachen. Later he transferred over to the industry, heading first the Department for Planning and Quality at Sulzer Escher Wyss in Ravensburg and since 1975, their department of paper machinery design and technology. In 1979 he was appointed as a professor at the Leibniz University of Hannover and became the director of the university’s Institute of Production Systems and Logistics (IFA). He led the institute until 2003. From 1988 to 1992 Professor Wiendahl was also the vice-president of the Leibniz University of Hannover. From 1988 to 2007 he was a managing partner of the Institute for Integrated Production Hannover (IPH).

Prof. Dipl.-Ing. BDA architect Jürgen Reichardt is a professor at the msa, muenster school of architecture and partner of the RMA Reichardt - Maas - Associated Architects in Essen.

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Nyhuis, born in 1957, studied mechanical engineering at the Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany. He completed his PhD at the university’s Institute of Production Systems and Logistics (IFA) in 1991 and his habilitation there in the field of production logistics in 1999. In the same year, he began working as a project manager and partner at Siemens SPLS Supply Chain Consulting in Munich. Since 2003, he has been appointed both as a professor for Production Systems, Logistics and Work Sciences as well as the director of the Institute of Production Systems and Logistics at the Leibniz University of Hannover. Since 2008 he is a managing partner of the Institute for Integrated Production Hannover (IPH). Professor Nyhuis is the author of numerous book contributions and articles on manufacturing and production planning and control, Logistic Operating Curves, shortening setup

times and procurement logistics.


Wiendahl, Hans-Peter, Reichardt, Jürgen, Nyhuis, Peter
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xviii, 501
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662520536
 (Softcover)
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This handbook introduces a methodical approach and pragmatic concept for the planning and design of changeable factories that act in strategic alliances to supply the ever-changing needs of the global market.
In the first part, the change drivers of manufacturing enterprises and the resulting new challenges are considered in detail with focus on an appropriate change potential.
The second part concerns the design of the production facilities and systems on the factory levels work place, section, building and site under functional, organisational, architectural and strategic aspects keeping in mind the environmental, health and safety aspects including corporate social responsibility.
The third part is dedicated to the planning and design method that is based on a synergetic interaction of process and space. The accompanying project management of the planning and construction phase and the facility management for the effective utilization of the built premises close the book.

The Authors

Prof. em. Dr.-Ing. Dr. mult. h.c. Hans-Peter Wiendahl  has been director for 23 years of the Institute of Factory planning and Logistics at the Leibniz University of Hannover in Germany.

Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Architekt BDA Jürgen Reichardt is Professor at the Muenster school of architecture and partner of RMA Reichardt – Maas – Associate  Architects in Essen Germany.

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Nyhuis is Managing Director of the Institute of Factory Planning and Logistics at the Leibniz University of Hannover in Germany.

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr. h.c. mult. Hans-Peter Wiendahl, born in 1938, studied mechanical engineering at the RWTH Aachen University, Germany. After studies at MIT and Cambridge, he completed his PhD in 1970 and his habilitation in 1972 at RWTH Aachen. Later he transferred over to the industry, heading first the Department for Planning and Quality at Sulzer Escher Wyss in Ravensburg and since 1975, their department of paper machinery design and technology. In 1979 he was appointed as a professor at the Leibniz University of Hannover and became the director of the university’s Institute of Production Systems and Logistics (IFA). He led the institute until 2003. From 1988 to 1992 Professor Wiendahl was also the vice-president of the Leibniz University of Hannover. From 1988 to 2007 he was a managing partner of the Institute for Integrated Production Hannover (IPH).

Prof. Dipl.-Ing. BDA architect Jürgen Reichardt is a professor at the msa, muenster school of architecture and partner of the RMA Reichardt - Maas - Associated Architects in Essen.

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Nyhuis, born in 1957, studied mechanical engineering at the Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany. He completed his PhD at the university’s Institute of Production Systems and Logistics (IFA) in 1991 and his habilitation there in the field of production logistics in 1999. In the same year, he began working as a project manager and partner at Siemens SPLS Supply Chain Consulting in Munich. Since 2003, he has been appointed both as a professor for Production Systems, Logistics and Work Sciences as well as the director of the Institute of Production Systems and Logistics at the Leibniz University of Hannover. Since 2008 he is a managing partner of the Institute for Integrated Production Hannover (IPH). Professor Nyhuis is the author of numerous book contributions and articles on manufacturing and production planning and control, Logistic Operating Curves, shortening setup

times and procurement logistics.


Inzelt, György, Lewenstam, Andrzej, Scholz, Fritz
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xii, 344
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
ISBN 9783642361876
 (Hardcover)
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Reference Electrodes are a crucial part of any electrochemical system, yet an up-to-date and comprehensive handbook is long overdue. Here, an experienced team of electrochemists provides an in-depth source of information and data for the proper choice and construction of reference electrodes. This includes all kinds of applications such as aqueous and non-aqueous solutions, ionic liquids, glass melts, solid electrolyte systems, and membrane electrodes. Advanced technologies such as miniaturized, conducting-polymer-based, screen-printed or disposable reference electrodes are also covered. Essential know-how is clearly presented and illustrated with almost 200 figures.

Echlin, Patrick
Springer US
Seiten xii, 332
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781441946744
 (Softcover)
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Scanning electr on microscopy (SEM) and x-ray microanalysis can produce magnified images and in situ chemical information from virtually any type of specimen. The two instruments generally operate in a high vacuum and a very dry environment in order to produce the high energy beam of electrons needed for imaging and analysis. With a few notable exceptions, most specimens destined for study in the SEM are poor conductors and composed of beam sensitive light elements containing variable amounts of water. In the SEM, the imaging system depends on the specimen being sufficiently electrically conductive to ensure that the bulk of the incoming electrons go to ground. The formation of the image depends on collecting the different signals that are scattered as a consequence of the high energy beam interacting with the sample. Backscattered electrons and secondary electrons are generated within the primary beam-sample interactive volume and are the two principal signals used to form images. The backscattered electron coefficient ( ? ) increases with increasing atomic number of the specimen, whereas the secondary electron coefficient ( ? ) is relatively insensitive to atomic number. This fundamental diff- ence in the two signals can have an important effect on the way samples may need to be prepared. The analytical system depends on collecting the x-ray photons that are generated within the sample as a consequence of interaction with the same high energy beam of primary electrons used to produce images.

Patrick Echlin was a lecturer in the Department of Plant Sciences and Director of the Multi-Imaging Centre, School of Biological Science, University of Cambridge until he retired in 1999. He has taught for more than thirty years at the Lehigh University Microscopy School and is the author and co-auther of eight books on scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society and received the Distinguished Scientist Award in Biological Sciences from the Microscope Society of America in 2001.


Echlin, Patrick
Springer US
Seiten xii, 332
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387857305
 (Hardcover)
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Scanning electr on microscopy (SEM) and x-ray microanalysis can produce magnified images and in situ chemical information from virtually any type of specimen. The two instruments generally operate in a high vacuum and a very dry environment in order to produce the high energy beam of electrons needed for imaging and analysis. With a few notable exceptions, most specimens destined for study in the SEM are poor conductors and composed of beam sensitive light elements containing variable amounts of water. In the SEM, the imaging system depends on the specimen being sufficiently electrically conductive to ensure that the bulk of the incoming electrons go to ground. The formation of the image depends on collecting the different signals that are scattered as a consequence of the high energy beam interacting with the sample. Backscattered electrons and secondary electrons are generated within the primary beam-sample interactive volume and are the two principal signals used to form images. The backscattered electron coefficient ( ? ) increases with increasing atomic number of the specimen, whereas the secondary electron coefficient ( ? ) is relatively insensitive to atomic number. This fundamental diff- ence in the two signals can have an important effect on the way samples may need to be prepared. The analytical system depends on collecting the x-ray photons that are generated within the sample as a consequence of interaction with the same high energy beam of primary electrons used to produce images.

Patrick Echlin was a lecturer in the Department of Plant Sciences and Director of the Multi-Imaging Centre, School of Biological Science, University of Cambridge until he retired in 1999. He has taught for more than thirty years at the Lehigh University Microscopy School and is the author and co-auther of eight books on scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society and received the Distinguished Scientist Award in Biological Sciences from the Microscope Society of America in 2001.


Slevin, Mark, McDowell, Garry
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xii, 477
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789402408010
 (Softcover)
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A wide range of research methods for the study of vascular development, from basic laboratory protocols to advanced technologies used in clinical practice, are covered in this work. A range of methodologies such as molecular imaging platforms and signalling analysis, along with tumour models are collated here.

Four sections explore in vitro techniques, in vivo and ex vivo manipulations, imaging and histological analysis and other novel techniques in vascular biology. Readers will discover basic methodologies used for analysis of endothelial cell growth in vitro, including co-culture models of vessel formation. Authors also explore isolation and purification of cells and methods for analysis of data and visualization of localized vasculature with modern imaging platforms. Both animal models and human disease are covered in this work.

Each chapter contains helpful sections on trouble shooting, additional notes and links, supporting the reader to carry out protocols. This book will appeal to students, researchers and medical professionals working in all vascular-linked fields such as cardio- and cerebrovascular, cancer and dementia.


Slevin, Mark, McDowell, Garry
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xii, 477
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401797153
 (Hardcover)
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A wide range of research methods for the study of vascular development, from basic laboratory protocols to advanced technologies used in clinical practice, are covered in this work. A range of methodologies such as molecular imaging platforms and signalling analysis, along with tumour models are collated here.

Four sections explore in vitro techniques, in vivo and ex vivo manipulations, imaging and histological analysis and other novel techniques in vascular biology. Readers will discover basic methodologies used for analysis of endothelial cell growth in vitro, including co-culture models of vessel formation. Authors also explore isolation and purification of cells and methods for analysis of data and visualization of localized vasculature with modern imaging platforms. Both animal models and human disease are covered in this work.

Each chapter contains helpful sections on trouble shooting, additional notes and links, supporting the reader to carry out protocols. This book will appeal to students, researchers and medical professionals working in all vascular-linked fields such as cardio- and cerebrovascular, cancer and dementia.


Zappoli, Bernard, Beysens, Daniel, Garrabos, Yves
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxi, 454
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789401791861
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This book investigates the unique hydrodynamics and heat transfer problems that are encountered in the vicinity of the critical point of fluids. Emphasis is given on weightlessness conditions, gravity effects and thermovibrational phenomena. Near their critical point, fluids indeed obey universal behavior and become very compressible and expandable. Their comportment, when gravity effects are suppressed, becomes quite unusual.

The problems that are treated in this book are of interest to students and researchers interested in the original behavior of near-critical fluids as well as to engineers that have to manage supercritical fluids. A special chapter is dedicated to the present knowledge of critical point phenomena. Specific data for many fluids are provided, ranging from cryogenics (hydrogen) to high temperature (water). Basic information in statistical mechanics, mathematics and measurement techniques is also included. The basic concepts of fluid mechanics are given for the non-specialists to be able to read the parts he is interested in. Asymptotic theory of heat transfer by thermoacoustic processes is provided with enough details for PhD students or researchers and engineers to begin in the field. Key spaces are described in details, with many comparisons between theory and experiments to illustrate the topics.


Zappoli, Bernard, Beysens, Daniel, Garrabos, Yves
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xxi, 454
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9789402403503
 (Softcover)
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This book investigates the unique hydrodynamics and heat transfer problems that are encountered in the vicinity of the critical point of fluids. Emphasis is given on weightlessness conditions, gravity effects and thermovibrational phenomena. Near their critical point, fluids indeed obey universal behavior and become very compressible and expandable. Their comportment, when gravity effects are suppressed, becomes quite unusual.

The problems that are treated in this book are of interest to students and researchers interested in the original behavior of near-critical fluids as well as to engineers that have to manage supercritical fluids. A special chapter is dedicated to the present knowledge of critical point phenomena. Specific data for many fluids are provided, ranging from cryogenics (hydrogen) to high temperature (water). Basic information in statistical mechanics, mathematics and measurement techniques is also included. The basic concepts of fluid mechanics are given for the non-specialists to be able to read the parts he is interested in. Asymptotic theory of heat transfer by thermoacoustic processes is provided with enough details for PhD students or researchers and engineers to begin in the field. Key spaces are described in details, with many comparisons between theory and experiments to illustrate the topics.


Van Sciver, Steven W.
Springer New York
Seiten xxiv, 470
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781441999788
 (Hardcover)
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Twenty five years have elapsed since the original publication of Helium Cryogenics. During this time, a considerable amount of research and development involving helium fluids has been carried out culminating in several large-scale projects. Furthermore, the field has matured through these efforts so that there is now a broad engineering base to assist the development of future projects.

Helium Cryogenics, 2nd edition brings these advances in helium cryogenics together in an updated form. As in the original edition, the author`s approach is to survey the field of cryogenics with emphasis on helium fluids. This approach is more specialized and fundamental than that contained in other cryogenics books, which treat the associated range of cryogenic fluids. As a result, the level of treatment is more advanced and assumes a certain knowledge of fundamental engineering and physics principles, including some quantum mechanics.

The goal throughout the work is to bridge the gap between the physics and engineering aspects of helium fluids to provide a source for engineers and scientists to enhance their usefulness in low-temperature systems.

Dr. Van Sciver is a Distinguished Research Professor and John H. Gorrie Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Florida State University. He is also a Program Director at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL). Dr. Van  Sciver joined the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering and the NHMFL in 1991, initiating and teaching a graduate program in magnet and materials engineering and in cryogenic thermal sciences and heat transfer. He also led the NHMFL development efforts of the cryogenic systems for the NHMFL Hybrid and 900 MHz NMR superconducting magnets. Between 1997 and 2003, he served as Director of Magnet Science and Technology at the NHMFL. Dr. Van Sciver is a Fellow of the ASME and the Cryogenic Society of America and American Editor for the journal Cryogenics. He is the 2010 recipient of the Kurt Mendelssohn Award.

Prior to joining Florida State University, Dr. Van Sciver was Research Scientist and then Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Engineering Physics and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison from 1976 to 1991. During that time he also served as the Associate Director of the Applied Superconductivity Center. Dr. Van Sciver received his PhD in Low Temperature Physics from the University of Washington-Seattle in 1976. He received his BS degree in Engineering Physics from Lehigh University in 1970.

Dr. Van Sciver is author of over 200 publications and patents in low temperature physics, liquid helium technology, cryogenic engineering and magnet technology. The first edition of Helium Cryogenics was published by Plenum Press (1986). The present work is an update and expansion of that original project.

Van Sciver, Steven W.
Springer New York
Seiten xxiv, 470
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781493901593
 (Softcover)
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Twenty five years have elapsed since the original publication of Helium Cryogenics. During this time, a considerable amount of research and development involving helium fluids has been carried out culminating in several large-scale projects. Furthermore, the field has matured through these efforts so that there is now a broad engineering base to assist the development of future projects.

Helium Cryogenics, 2nd edition brings these advances in helium cryogenics together in an updated form. As in the original edition, the author`s approach is to survey the field of cryogenics with emphasis on helium fluids. This approach is more specialized and fundamental than that contained in other cryogenics books, which treat the associated range of cryogenic fluids. As a result, the level of treatment is more advanced and assumes a certain knowledge of fundamental engineering and physics principles, including some quantum mechanics.

The goal throughout the work is to bridge the gap between the physics and engineering aspects of helium fluids to provide a source for engineers and scientists to enhance their usefulness in low-temperature systems.

Dr. Van Sciver is a Distinguished Research Professor and John H. Gorrie Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Florida State University. He is also a Program Director at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL). Dr. Van  Sciver joined the FAMU-FSU College of Engineering and the NHMFL in 1991, initiating and teaching a graduate program in magnet and materials engineering and in cryogenic thermal sciences and heat transfer. He also led the NHMFL development efforts of the cryogenic systems for the NHMFL Hybrid and 900 MHz NMR superconducting magnets. Between 1997 and 2003, he served as Director of Magnet Science and Technology at the NHMFL. Dr. Van Sciver is a Fellow of the ASME and the Cryogenic Society of America and American Editor for the journal Cryogenics. He is the 2010 recipient of the Kurt Mendelssohn Award.

Prior to joining Florida State University, Dr. Van Sciver was Research Scientist and then Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Engineering Physics and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison from 1976 to 1991. During that time he also served as the Associate Director of the Applied Superconductivity Center. Dr. Van Sciver received his PhD in Low Temperature Physics from the University of Washington-Seattle in 1976. He received his BS degree in Engineering Physics from Lehigh University in 1970.

Dr. Van Sciver is author of over 200 publications and patents in low temperature physics, liquid helium technology, cryogenic engineering and magnet technology. The first edition of Helium Cryogenics was published by Plenum Press (1986). The present work is an update and expansion of that original project.

Felser, Claudia, Hirohata, Atsufumi
Properties, Growth, Applications
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xviii, 486
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783319214481
 (Hardcover)
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This book gives an overview of the physics of Heusler compounds ranging from fundamental properties of these alloys to their applications. Especially Heusler compounds as half-metallic ferromagnetic and topological insulators are important in condensed matter science due to their potential in magnetism and as materials for energy conversion. The book is written by world-leaders in this field. It offers an ideal reference to researchers at any level.

Chen, Sheng-Hong
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxvii, 1029
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662515921
 (Softcover)
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This book discusses in detail the planning, design, construction and management of hydraulic structures, covering dams, spillways, tunnels, cut slopes, sluices, water intake and measuring works, ship locks and lifts, as well as fish ways. Particular attention is paid to considerations concerning the environment, hydrology, geology and materials etc. in the planning and design of hydraulic projects. It also considers the type selection, profile configuration, stress/stability calibration and engineering countermeasures, flood releasing arrangements and scouring protection, operation and maintenance etc. for a variety of specific hydraulic structures.

The book is primarily intended for engineers, undergraduate and graduate students in the field of civil and hydraulic engineering who are faced with the challenges of extending our understanding of hydraulic structures ranging from traditional to groundbreaking, as well as designing, constructing and managing safe, durable hydraulic structures that are economical and environmentally friendly.


Chen, Sheng-Hong
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xxvii, 1029
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662473306
 (Hardcover)
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This book discusses in detail the planning, design, construction and management of hydraulic structures, covering dams, spillways, tunnels, cut slopes, sluices, water intake and measuring works, ship locks and lifts, as well as fish ways. Particular attention is paid to considerations concerning the environment, hydrology, geology and materials etc. in the planning and design of hydraulic projects. It also considers the type selection, profile configuration, stress/stability calibration and engineering countermeasures, flood releasing arrangements and scouring protection, operation and maintenance etc. for a variety of specific hydraulic structures.

The book is primarily intended for engineers, undergraduate and graduate students in the field of civil and hydraulic engineering who are faced with the challenges of extending our understanding of hydraulic structures ranging from traditional to groundbreaking, as well as designing, constructing and managing safe, durable hydraulic structures that are economical and environmentally friendly.


Kneissl, Michael, Rass, Jens
Technology and Applications
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xix, 442
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9783319240985
 (Hardcover)
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in group III-nitride based ultraviolet LED and laser technologies, covering different substrate approaches, a review of optical, electronic and structural properties of InAlGaN materials as well as various optoelectronic components. In addition, the book gives an overview of a number of key application areas for UV emitters and detectors, including water purification, phototherapy, sensing, and UV curing. The book is written for researchers and graduate level students in the area of semiconductor materials, optoelectronics and devices as well as developers and engineers in the various application fields of UV emitters and detectors.

Sutton, Michael A., Orteu, Jean Jose, Schreier, Hubert
Basic Concepts,Theory and Applications
Springer US
Seiten xx, 322
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9780387787466
 (Hardcover)
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Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements provides a comprehensive overview of data extraction through image analysis. Readers will find and in-depth look into various single- and multi-camera models (2D-DIC and 3D-DIC), two- and three-dimensional computer vision, and volumetric digital image correlation (VDIC). Fundamentals of accurate image matching are described, along with presentations of both new methods for quantitative error estimates in correlation-based motion measurements, and the effect of out-of-plane motion on 2D measurements. Thorough appendices offer descriptions of continuum mechanics formulations, methods for local surface strain estimation and non-linear optimization, as well as terminology in statistics and probability.

With equal treatment of computer vision fundamentals and techniques for practical applications, this volume is both a reference for academic and industry-based researchers and engineers, as well as a valuable companion text for appropriate vision-based educational offerings.


Sutton, Michael A., Orteu, Jean Jose, Schreier, Hubert
Basic Concepts,Theory and Applications
Springer US
Seiten xx, 322
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781441946225
 (Softcover)
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Image Correlation for Shape, Motion and Deformation Measurements provides a comprehensive overview of data extraction through image analysis. Readers will find and in-depth look into various single- and multi-camera models (2D-DIC and 3D-DIC), two- and three-dimensional computer vision, and volumetric digital image correlation (VDIC). Fundamentals of accurate image matching are described, along with presentations of both new methods for quantitative error estimates in correlation-based motion measurements, and the effect of out-of-plane motion on 2D measurements. Thorough appendices offer descriptions of continuum mechanics formulations, methods for local surface strain estimation and non-linear optimization, as well as terminology in statistics and probability.

With equal treatment of computer vision fundamentals and techniques for practical applications, this volume is both a reference for academic and industry-based researchers and engineers, as well as a valuable companion text for appropriate vision-based educational offerings.


Miley, George H., Murali, S. Krupakar
Fundamentals and Applications
Springer New York
Seiten xviii, 400
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9781493951307
 (Softcover)
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This book provides readers with an introductory understanding of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC), a type of fusion meant to retain plasma using an electrostatic field. IEC provides a unique approach for plasma confinement, as it offers a number of spin-off applications, such as a small neutron source for Neutron Activity Analysis (NAA), that all work towards creating fusion power. The IEC has been identified in recent times as an ideal fusion power unit because of its ability to burn aneutronic fuels like p-B11 as a result of its non-Maxwellian plasma dominated by beam-like ions. This type of fusion also takes place in a simple mechanical structure small in size, which also contributes to its viability as a source of power. This book posits that the ability to study the physics of IEC in very small volume plasmas makes it possible to rapidly investigate a design to create a power-producing device on a much larger scale. Along with this hypothesis the book also includes a conceptual experiment proposed for demonstrating breakeven conditions for using p-B11 in a hydrogen plasma simulation.

This book also:

Offers an in-depth look, from introductory basics to experimental simulation, of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement, an emerging method for generating fusion power

Discusses how the Inertial Electrostatic Confinement method can be applied to other applications besides fusion through theoretical experiments in the text

Details the study of the physics of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement in small-volume plasmas and suggests that their rapid reproduction could lead to the creation of a large-scale power-producing device

Perfect for researchers and students working with nuclear fusion, Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC) Fusion: Fundamentals and Applications also offers the current experimental status of IEC research, details supporting theories in the field and introduces other potential applications that stem from IEC.


Miley, George H., Murali, S. Krupakar
Fundamentals and Applications
Springer New York
Seiten xviii, 400
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9781461493372
 (Hardcover)
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This book provides readers with an introductory understanding of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC), a type of fusion meant to retain plasma using an electrostatic field. IEC provides a unique approach for plasma confinement, as it offers a number of spin-off applications, such as a small neutron source for Neutron Activity Analysis (NAA), that all work towards creating fusion power. The IEC has been identified in recent times as an ideal fusion power unit because of its ability to burn aneutronic fuels like p-B11 as a result of its non-Maxwellian plasma dominated by beam-like ions. This type of fusion also takes place in a simple mechanical structure small in size, which also contributes to its viability as a source of power. This book posits that the ability to study the physics of IEC in very small volume plasmas makes it possible to rapidly investigate a design to create a power-producing device on a much larger scale. Along with this hypothesis the book also includes a conceptual experiment proposed for demonstrating breakeven conditions for using p-B11 in a hydrogen plasma simulation.

This book also:

Offers an in-depth look, from introductory basics to experimental simulation, of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement, an emerging method for generating fusion power

Discusses how the Inertial Electrostatic Confinement method can be applied to other applications besides fusion through theoretical experiments in the text

Details the study of the physics of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement in small-volume plasmas and suggests that their rapid reproduction could lead to the creation of a large-scale power-producing device

Perfect for researchers and students working with nuclear fusion, Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC) Fusion: Fundamentals and Applications also offers the current experimental status of IEC research, details supporting theories in the field and introduces other potential applications that stem from IEC.


Le Pichon, Alexis, Blanc, Elisabeth, Hauchecorne, Alain
Springer Netherlands
Seiten xix, 735
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
ISBN 9781402095078
 (Hardcover)
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The use of infrasound to monitor the atmosphere has, like infrasound itself, gone largely unheard of through the years. But it has many applications, and it is about time that a book is being devoted to this fascinating subject. Our own involvement with infrasound occurred as graduate students of Prof. William Donn, who had established an infrasound array at the Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory (now the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory) of Columbia University. It was a natural outgrowth of another major activity at Lamont, using seismic waves to explore the Earth’s interior. Both the atmosphere and the solid Earth feature velocity (seismic or acoustic) gradients in the vertical which act to refract the respective waves. The refraction in turn allows one to calculate the respective background structure in these mediums, indirectly exploring locations that are hard to observe otherwise. Monitoring these signals also allows one to discover various phenomena, both natural and man-made (some of which have military applications).

A. Le Pichon (Master Degree in Fundamental Physics. PhD in Acoustics)  Since 1998, geophysicist at the French National Data Center (NDC), hosted by CEA/DASE, in charge of Infrasound research activities on topics relevant to Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO): signal processing for automated detection and source location procedures, propagation modeling, methods for source characterization.

E. Blanc: Research director at CEA. Main research areas are infrasound and gravity waves, electrodynamical coupling of the atmospheric layers, atmospheric disturbances produced by lightning and sprites. She coordinated international research projects: study of infrasound from strong chemical explosions in USA and in Russia, HF radar observations of the disturbances of the equatorial ionosphere, space observations of lightning and sprite.

A. Hauchecorne (Research director at CNRS; since 2005 Director of Aeronomy Service Laboratory):Main research areas are dynamics and climatology of the middle atmosphere; transport and mixing of ozone and minor constituents in the stratosphere; analysis of satellite data analysis and data assimilation in the field of stratospheric chemistry; lidar techniques for the measurement of stratospheric parameters.


den Ouden, Elke
Creating Value for People, Organizations and Society
Springer London
Seiten xii, 196
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781447162087
 (Softcover)
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Innovation Design presents an approach to designing shared value for businesses, non-profit organizations, end-users and society. The societal and economic challenges we are currently facing – such as the aging population, energy scarcity and environmental issues – are not just threats but are also great opportunities for organizations. Innovation Design shows how organizations can contribute to the process of generating value for society by finding true solutions to these challenges. And at the same time it describes how they can capture value for themselves in business ecosystems that care for both people and planet.

This book covers: creating meaningful innovations that improve quality of life, engage users and provide value for organizations and other stakeholders, guiding the creation of shared value throughout the innovation process, with a practical and integrative approach towards value that connects ideas from economics, psychology, sociology and ecology, designing new business models and business ecosystems to deliver sustainable benefits for all the involved parties and stakeholders, addressing both tangible and intangible value.

Innovation Design gives numerous examples of projects and innovations to illustrate some of the challenges and solutions you may encounter in your journey of designing meaningful innovations and creating shared value. It also offers practical methods and tools that can be applied directly in your own projects. And in a fast-changing world, it provides a context, a framework and the inspiration to create value at every level: for people, for organizations and for the society in which we live.

Prof.dr.ir. Elke den Ouden has been (part-time, 2 days/week) a full professor of Business Process Design at the Faculty of Industrial Design of the Eindhoven University of Technology since August 2008. She was educated as an industrial design engineer (MSc in 1990) at the Delft University of Technology, and received her PhD in Technology Management from the Eindhoven University of Technology in 2006 for her thesis Development of a Design Analysis Model for Consumer Complaints – Revealing a New Class of Quality Failures. Due partly to her experience and network in the industry, she has been appointed part-time professor in the Business Process Design Group of the Industrial Design Department. She is responsible for research in the field of industrial and business aspects of designing intelligent systems, products and services for social/societal transformations. She is involved in the Intelligent Lighting Institute in Eindhoven, where her contribution is researching the added value for various actors and stakeholders of (semi-)public intelligent lighting solutions.

Besides her academic role, she holds a position as a senior consultant for innovation in the Philips Innovation Services group, in which role she advises companies both inside and outside Philips on innovation and product development. She has been working with Philips, where she has held a number of positions as advisor and manager in the field of product innovation, for over 20 years. From 1997 she spent four years in Singapore where she set up an advisory group for the Asia Pacific region. She has been involved in both small and large organisations and innovation projects. She is also involved in the Dutch program Growth Acceleration, that aims to support small businesses in making steep growth in turnover towards 20 million euros. Through her experience she is able to bridge the strategic level of consulting, with the tactical level of structural process improvement, with the operational level of engineers and designers making the practical design decisions. Her projects have covered a wide range of innovations for the consumer electronics industry, healthcare industry, lighting industry, as well as service organisations in design, software development and education.

She is invited as a speaker on a regular basis: to conduct guest lectures at universities (e.g., Rotterdam School of Management, Delft University of Technology, Cranfield University, Cambridge University, University of Technology Sydney and National University of Singapore), as well as to give in-company talks to professional audiences (Bosch Germany, ONA Maroc, Alliander The Netherlands). She has been invited as a speaker by the Speakers Academy since early 2010.

She is active in many professional networks, such as the Product Development and Management Association (The Netherlands chapter), Association of Dutch Industrial Design Engineers in the Netherlands, and holds a position on the advisory board of the Front End of Innovation Conference Europe.

den Ouden, Elke
Creating Value for People, Organizations and Society
Springer London
Seiten xii, 196
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781447122678
 (Mixed Media)
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Innovation Design presents an approach to designing shared value for businesses, non-profit organizations, end-users and society. The societal and economic challenges we are currently facing – such as the aging population, energy scarcity and environmental issues – are not just threats but are also great opportunities for organizations. Innovation Design shows how organizations can contribute to the process of generating value for society by finding true solutions to these challenges. And at the same time it describes how they can capture value for themselves in business ecosystems that care for both people and planet.

This book covers: creating meaningful innovations that improve quality of life, engage users and provide value for organizations and other stakeholders, guiding the creation of shared value throughout the innovation process, with a practical and integrative approach towards value that connects ideas from economics, psychology, sociology and ecology, designing new business models and business ecosystems to deliver sustainable benefits for all the involved parties and stakeholders, addressing both tangible and intangible value.

Innovation Design gives numerous examples of projects and innovations to illustrate some of the challenges and solutions you may encounter in your journey of designing meaningful innovations and creating shared value. It also offers practical methods and tools that can be applied directly in your own projects. And in a fast-changing world, it provides a context, a framework and the inspiration to create value at every level: for people, for organizations and for the society in which we live.

Prof.dr.ir. Elke den Ouden has been (part-time, 2 days/week) a full professor of Business Process Design at the Faculty of Industrial Design of the Eindhoven University of Technology since August 2008. She was educated as an industrial design engineer (MSc in 1990) at the Delft University of Technology, and received her PhD in Technology Management from the Eindhoven University of Technology in 2006 for her thesis Development of a Design Analysis Model for Consumer Complaints – Revealing a New Class of Quality Failures. Due partly to her experience and network in the industry, she has been appointed part-time professor in the Business Process Design Group of the Industrial Design Department. She is responsible for research in the field of industrial and business aspects of designing intelligent systems, products and services for social/societal transformations. She is involved in the Intelligent Lighting Institute in Eindhoven, where her contribution is researching the added value for various actors and stakeholders of (semi-)public intelligent lighting solutions.

Besides her academic role, she holds a position as a senior consultant for innovation in the Philips Innovation Services group, in which role she advises companies both inside and outside Philips on innovation and product development. She has been working with Philips, where she has held a number of positions as advisor and manager in the field of product innovation, for over 20 years. From 1997 she spent four years in Singapore where she set up an advisory group for the Asia Pacific region. She has been involved in both small and large organisations and innovation projects. She is also involved in the Dutch program Growth Acceleration, that aims to support small businesses in making steep growth in turnover towards 20 million euros. Through her experience she is able to bridge the strategic level of consulting, with the tactical level of structural process improvement, with the operational level of engineers and designers making the practical design decisions. Her projects have covered a wide range of innovations for the consumer electronics industry, healthcare industry, lighting industry, as well as service organisations in design, software development and education.

She is invited as a speaker on a regular basis: to conduct guest lectures at universities (e.g., Rotterdam School of Management, Delft University of Technology, Cranfield University, Cambridge University, University of Technology Sydney and National University of Singapore), as well as to give in-company talks to professional audiences (Bosch Germany, ONA Maroc, Alliander The Netherlands). She has been invited as a speaker by the Speakers Academy since early 2010.

She is active in many professional networks, such as the Product Development and Management Association (The Netherlands chapter), Association of Dutch Industrial Design Engineers in the Netherlands, and holds a position on the advisory board of the Front End of Innovation Conference Europe.

Mukhopadhyay, Subhas Chandra
Challenges and Opportunities
Springer International Publishing
Seiten viii, 261
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319042220
 (Hardcover)
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Advancement in sensor technology, smart instrumentation, wireless sensor networks, miniaturization, RFID and information processing is helping towards the realization of Internet of Things (IoT). IoTs are finding applications in various area applications including environmental monitoring, intelligent buildings, smart grids and so on. This book provides design challenges of IoT, theory, various protocols, implementation issues and a few case study. The book will be very useful for postgraduate students and researchers to know from basics to implementation of IoT.


Mukhopadhyay, Subhas Chandra
Challenges and Opportunities
Springer International Publishing
Seiten viii, 261
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
ISBN 9783319377384
 (Softcover)
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Advancement in sensor technology, smart instrumentation, wireless sensor networks, miniaturization, RFID and information processing is helping towards the realization of Internet of Things (IoT). IoTs are finding applications in various area applications including environmental monitoring, intelligent buildings, smart grids and so on. This book provides design challenges of IoT, theory, various protocols, implementation issues and a few case study. The book will be very useful for postgraduate students and researchers to know from basics to implementation of IoT.


Sengupta, Amretashis, Sarkar, Chandan Kumar
Basics to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xv, 226
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662473139
 (Hardcover)
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This book covers the basics of nanotechnology and provides a solid understanding of the subject. Starting from a brush-up of the basic quantum mechanics and materials science, the book helps to gradually build up understanding of the various effects of quantum confinement, optical-electronic properties of nanoparticles and major nanomaterials. The book covers the various physical, chemical and hybrid methods of nanomaterial synthesis and nanofabrication as well as advanced characterization techniques. It includes chapters on the various applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It is written in a simple form, making it useful for students of physical and material sciences.

Sengupta, Amretashis, Sarkar, Chandan Kumar
Basics to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xv, 226
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783662510537
 (Softcover)
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This book covers the basics of nanotechnology and provides a solid understanding of the subject. Starting from a brush-up of the basic quantum mechanics and materials science, the book helps to gradually build up understanding of the various effects of quantum confinement, optical-electronic properties of nanoparticles and major nanomaterials. The book covers the various physical, chemical and hybrid methods of nanomaterial synthesis and nanofabrication as well as advanced characterization techniques. It includes chapters on the various applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It is written in a simple form, making it useful for students of physical and material sciences.

Issariyakul, Teerawat, Hossain, Ekram
Springer US
Seiten xxiv, 512
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781489986917
 (Softcover)
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Introduction to Network Simulator NS2 is a primer providing materials for NS2 beginners, whether students, professors, or researchers for understanding the architecture of Network Simulator 2 (NS2) and for incorporating simulation modules into NS2. The authors discuss the simulation architecture and the key components of NS2 including simulation-related objects, network objects, packet-related objects, and helper objects. The NS2 modules included within are nodes, links, SimpleLink objects, packets, agents, and applications. Further, the book covers three helper modules: timers, random number generators, and error models. Also included are chapters on summary of debugging, variable and packet tracing, result compilation, and examples for extending NS2. Two appendices provide the details of scripting language Tcl, OTcl and AWK, as well object oriented programming used extensively in NS2.

Issariyakul, Teerawat, Hossain, Ekram
Springer US
Seiten xxiv, 512
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9781461414056
 (Hardcover)
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Introduction to Network Simulator NS2 is a primer providing materials for NS2 beginners, whether students, professors, or researchers for understanding the architecture of Network Simulator 2 (NS2) and for incorporating simulation modules into NS2. The authors discuss the simulation architecture and the key components of NS2 including simulation-related objects, network objects, packet-related objects, and helper objects. The NS2 modules included within are nodes, links, SimpleLink objects, packets, agents, and applications. Further, the book covers three helper modules: timers, random number generators, and error models. Also included are chapters on summary of debugging, variable and packet tracing, result compilation, and examples for extending NS2. Two appendices provide the details of scripting language Tcl, OTcl and AWK, as well object oriented programming used extensively in NS2.

Hamilton, Kirk L., Devor, Daniel C
Springer New York
Seiten xiv, 1019
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
ISBN 9781493933648
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This book sheds new light on the physiology, molecular biology and pathophysiology of epithelial ion channels and transporters. It combines the basic cellular models and functions by means of a compelling clinical perspective, addressing aspects from the laboratory bench to the bedside. The individual chapters, written by leading scientists and clinicians, explore specific ion channels and transporters located in the epithelial tissues of the kidney, intestine, pancreas and respiratory tract, all of which play a crucial part in maintaining homeostasis. Further topics include the fundamentals of epithelial transport; mathematical modeling of ion transport; cell volume regulation; membrane protein folding and trafficking; transepithelial transport functions; and lastly, a discussion of transport proteins as potential pharmacological targets with a focus on the pharmacology of potassium channels.
 

Sadewasser, Sascha, Glatzel, Thilo
Measuring and Compensating Electrostatic Forces
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 334
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642225659
 (Hardcover)
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Over the nearly 20 years of Kelvin probe force microscopy, an increasing interest in the technique and its applications has developed. This book gives a concise introduction into the method and describes various experimental techniques. Surface potential studies on semiconductor materials, nanostructures and devices are described, as well as application to molecular and organic materials. The current state of surface potential at the atomic scale is also considered. This book presents an excellent introduction for the newcomer to this field, as much as a valuable resource for the expert.


Sadewasser, Sascha, Glatzel, Thilo
Measuring and Compensating Electrostatic Forces
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Seiten xiv, 334
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
ISBN 9783642271137
 (Softcover)
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Over the nearly 20 years of Kelvin probe force microscopy, an increasing interest in the technique and its applications has developed. This book gives a concise introduction into the method and describes various experimental techniques. Surface potential studies on semiconductor materials, nanostructures and devices are described, as well as application to molecular and organic materials. The current state of surface potential at the atomic scale is also considered. This book presents an excellent introduction for the newcomer to this field, as much as a valuable resource for the expert.


Talamo, Cinzia, Bonanomi, Marcella
Springer International Publishing
Seiten xii, 211
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
ISBN 9783319239576
 (Hardcover)
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This book describes the latest methods and tools for the management of information within facility management services and explains how it is possible to collect, organize, and u